What Do Patients with Diabetes Think of Health Coaching?

Brief examines the health coaching model of Harlem-based City Health Works. City Health Works coaches use an evidence-based curriculum and motivational interviewing to educate clients about their chronic disease and help them improve their nutrition, medication adherence, physical activity, stress management, and engagement with primary care providers.
Source: PHPartners.org - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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ConclusionsThese findings demonstrate that the effects of glucagon to mitigate diabetic hyperglycemia are not through acute signaling but require compensations that take weeks to develop.
Source: Molecular Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 August 2018Source: The Lancet Diabetes &EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Fiona Mitchell
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These results support the future development of Sal A as an oral drug for the treatment of diabetic complications. Future research should be conducted to investigate the reason for its poor bioavailability and improve this situation. PMID: 30122142 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pharmaceutical Biology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Pharm Biol Source Type: research
Of particular importance for Stratum corneum (SC) lipids are the free fatty acids (FFAs). Age-related changes of the SC structure lead to diminished capacity for barrier compensation. The aims of this cross-sectional study were to identify even-numbered especially odd-numbered FFAs within the intercorneocytic lamellar lipid structures of the SC and to explore age- and diabetes-related changes in FFAs. Gas chromatography – flame ionisation detection was used to qualitatively and quantitatively assess FFAs extracted from the SC. 110 subjects aged over 60 years (elderly/healthy), 110 subjects aged 18–40 (young/hea...
Source: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Among the three tested models, the one proposed here is the only one able to both accurately describe plasma insulin data after a single sc injection and precisely estimate physiologically plausible parameters. The model needs to be further tested in case of variable sc insulin delivery and/or multiple insulin doses. Significance: Results are expected to help the development of new open- and closed-loop insulin treatment strategies.
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 August 2018Source: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and DieteticsAuthor(s): Ella Ottrey, Jessica Jong, Judi PorterAbstractEthnography is a qualitative research approach used to learn about people and their culture. There is a need to explore the application and use of ethnographic methodology in nutrition and dietetics research to inform future research and practice. Our aim was to examine the extent, range, nature, and contribution of ethnographic methodology in nutrition and dietetics research. Eight electronic databases were searched using a defined search strategy until November...
Source: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
The objective was to evaluate the association between nutritional status and the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in remaining quilombolas. Cross-sectional study carried out on 32 remaining quilombola communities in the municipality of Alc ântara-MA. The nutritional indicators (IN) used were: body mass index (BMI); Waist circumference (WC); Waist-to-hip ratio (WHR); Waist-to-height ratio (WHtR); conicity index (CI) and estimated visceral adipose tissue (VAT). GFR was estimated from the CKD-EPI creatinine-cystatin C formula. The Shapi ro Wilk test was used to evaluate the normality of the quantitative variables. In or...
Source: Revista da Associacao Medica Brasileira - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 June 2018Source: Canadian Journal of DiabetesAuthor(s): Stephany I. Adame Perez, Peter A. Senior, Catherine J. Field, Kailash Jindal, Diana R. MagerAbstractObjectivesFrailty can cause increased vulnerability to adverse health outcomes, such as falls, fractures, depression and reduced health-related quality of life (HRQoL). This cross-sectional study compared the differences in body composition, HRQoL, mental health and cognitive and vitamin D (vitD) status with health-care utilization by frail and nonfrail adults with diabetes mellitus (type 1 and type 2) and with chronic kidney diseas...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractIn the past decades, dietary guidelines focused on reducing saturated fat as the primary strategy for cardiovascular disease prevention, neglecting the many other potential effects of diet on health, in particular the harmful effects of sugar. A greater intake of soft drinks (sugar-sweetened beverages), for example, is associated with a 44% increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome, a higher risk of obesity, and a 26% increased risk of developing diabetes mellitus. Carbohydrates comprise around 55% of the typical western diet, ranging from 200 to 350  g/day in relation to a person’s overall caloric in...
Source: Endocrine - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeEpidemiological data are pivotal for the estimation of disease burden in populations.AimOf the study was to estimate the incidence and prevalence of acromegaly in Italy along with the impact of comorbidities and hospitalization rates as compared to the general population.MethodsRetrospective epidemiological study (from 2000 to 2014) and case control-study. Data were extracted from the Health Search Database (HSD). HSD contains patient records from about 1000 general practitioners (GPs) throughout Italy, covering a population of more than 1 million patients. It includes information about patient demographics ...
Source: Endocrine - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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