Inequality also Relates to Education, Health & Illiteracy, not Wealth Alone

A health worker marks a boy’s finger with ink to show that he has been vaccinated against measles in India’s Gujarat State. Credit: UNICEF/UNI133530/PietrasikBy Bjorn LomborgCOPENHAGEN, Denmark, Feb 7 2018 (IPS)Antipoverty group Oxfam International got a lot of attention for claiming that there’s a global “inequality crisis,” but a far more important point is entirely neglected: globally, income distribution is less unequal than it has been for 100 years. The best data on this comes from Professor Branko Milanovic, formerly of the World Bank, now at City University of New York. His research shows that, mostly because of Asia’s incredible growth, global inequality has declined sharply for several decades, reducing so much that the world hasn’t been this equal for more than a century.Moreover, the conversation on inequality sparked by Oxfam fails to acknowledge that equality is about much more than money. Look at education and health. In 1870, more than three-quarters of the world was illiterate. Today, more than four out of every five people can read.Half of all of humanity’s welfare gains from the past 40 years come from the fact that we’re living longer, healthier lives. In 1900, people lived to be 30 on average; today, it’s 71. Over the past half-century, the difference in life expectancy between the world’s wealthiest and poorest countries has dropped from 28 to 18 years.Oxfam almost entirely glosses over th...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Africa Development & Aid Education Featured Gender Headlines Health Inequity Population Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: MethodsXAuthor(s): Paul O'Brien, Christopher Vinnard, Selvakumar SubbianABSTRACTTuberculous meningitis (TBM), caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), is the deadliest form of tuberculosis in humans, particularly in children and the geriatric population. However, the host-pathogen interactions underlying TBM is not well understood. Rabbits are a valuable model system to study TB in humans. The rabbit model of TB recapitulates several pathophysiological characteristics, including heterogeneity, architecture, and development of granulomas at the site of infection ...
Source: MethodsX - Category: Science Source Type: research
This study developed a method of deriving a mix design to be batched by volume from the specified mix designed by weight using a design chat developed from [5,6]. Concrete can then be produced with the derived mixed design and batched by volume as though it was batched by weight from the specified mix design. This method eliminates the strength disparity by both batching methods and production of more durable concrete in most developing countries.Graphical Abstract
Source: MethodsX - Category: Science Source Type: research
Conclusion: The findings, such as the inverse relationship with tuberculosis treatment discontinuation in the group of people with comorbidity, reinforce the importance of integrated actions in health services to change the scenario of this challenging comorbidity.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Researchers look to messenger RNA encased in nanoparticles, DNA plasmids, molecular clamps, and other approaches as they rush to design a vaccine against the new coronavirus.
Source: The Scientist - Category: Science Tags: News & Opinion Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Xin Wang, You Li, Katherine L O'Brien, Shabir A Madhi, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Peter Byass, Saad B Omer, Qalab Abbas, Asad Ali, Alberta Amu, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, Quique Bassat, W Abdullah Brooks, Sandra S Chaves, Alexandria Chung, Cheryl Cohen, Marcela Echavarria, Rodrigo A Fasce, Angela Gentile, Aubree GordonSummaryBackgroundSeasonal influenza virus is a common cause of acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI) in young children. In 2008, we estimated that 20 million influenza-virus-associated ALRI and 1 million influenza-viru...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
AbstractWhen deciding whether to vaccinate, people often seek information through consequential processes that are not currently well understood. A survey of a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults (N = 2,091) explored the factors associated with intentions to seek influenza vaccine information in the 2018 –2019 influenza season. This survey shed light on what motivates intentions to seek information about the influenza vaccine through the lens of the risk information seeking and processing (RISP) model. The model explained information‐seeking intentions well among both unvaccinated and vaccinated respond...
Source: Risk Analysis - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
We report an elderly male who presented with cough and fever and had pulmonary infiltrates suspicious of tuberculosis. Bronchoalveolar lavage microbiology including XpertMTB/Rif assay was non-contributory. Contrast enhanced computed tomography scan of abdomen revealed multiple non-enhancing lesions in the spleen. Ultrasound guided splenic aspirate revealed pus that was positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis in XpertMTB/Rif assay confirming the diagnosis of tuberculosis. PMID: 32072799 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Monaldi Arch Chest Dis Source Type: research
Abstract Parasitic diseases are a serious public health problem affecting hundreds of millions of people worldwide. African trypanosomiasis, American trypanosomiasis, leishmaniasis, malaria and toxoplasmosis are the main parasitic infections caused by protozoan parasites with over one million deaths each year. Due to old medications and drug resistance worldwide, there is an urgent need for new antiparasitic drugs. 1,3,4-Thiadiazoles have been widely studied for medical applications. The chemical, physical and pharmacokinetic properties recommend 1,3,4-thiadiazole ring as a target in drug development. Many scienti...
Source: Acta Pharmaceutica - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Acta Pharm Source Type: research
In the United States, the economics of health has caused us to recognize that a national strategy is needed to quickly and effectively bend the cost curve of a system that is globally noncompetitive with respect to value and is unsustainable in its current form as a health care delivery model. Heretofore, US national policy and health care reform efforts have principally focused on addressing gaps in coverage. Going forward in the United States the drivers of value for health care will most likely come from re-engineering the delivery system itself. In the setting of perioperative medicine, these value gaps maybe unrecogni...
Source: Techniques in Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Symposium Source Type: research
"Your child is due for shots today," is frequently followed in my practice by a grimace and a visible tightening of parents' hold on their baby. Then comes my rehearsed recital of the diseases against which we are protecting the baby through vaccination and lastly, I lay out the total number of shots due. That is when the bargaining starts -- "Does she really need that many Dr. Bracho? Couldn't we do two today and the rest next time?"
Source: - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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