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The multisystem degeneration amyotrophic lateral sclerosis - neuropathological staging and clinical translation.

The multisystem degeneration amyotrophic lateral sclerosis - neuropathological staging and clinical translation. Arch Ital Biol. 2017 Dec 01;155(4):118-130 Authors: Verde F, Del Tredici K, Braak H, Ludolph A Abstract Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is traditionally considered a disease affecting exclusively motor neurons. However, much evidence points towards additional involvement of brain systems other than the motor. As much as half of ALS patients display cognitive-behavioral disturbances. ALS shares with a considerable proportion of FTD cases the same neuropathological substrate, namely, inclusions of abnormally phosphorylated protein TDP-43 (pTDP-43). In analogy with pathological staging systems elaborated in the past decades for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD), a model of staging of pTDP-43 pathology in sporadic ALS (sALS) has been recently proposed. According to it, 4 stages can be recognized, where pTDP-43 inclusions are found in the agranular motor cortex and α-motor neurons of the brain stem and spinal cord (stage 1), in prefrontal neocortex (middle frontal gyrus), reticular formation, and precerebellar nuclei (stage 2), in further areas of the prefrontal neocortex (gyrus rectus and orbitofrontal gyri), postcentrally located sensory cortex, and basal ganglia (stage 3), and in the anteromedial temporal lobe including the hippocampus (stage 4). Based on this staging effort, a corticofugal axonal model for spreading...
Source: Archives Italiennes de Biologie - Category: Neuroscience Tags: Arch Ital Biol Source Type: research

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Conclusion: The complex molecular underpinnings of these disorders are currently elusive. Despite heterogeneous clinical and pathological expressions, common features have been recognized in many NDs which provide evidence of their convergence. PMID: 29755292 [PubMed]
Source: Current Genomics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Curr Genomics Source Type: research
Authors: Liu X, Jiao B, Zhang W, Xiao T, Hou L, Pan C, Tang B, Shen L Abstract Recently, the coiled‑coil‑helix‑coiled‑coil‑helix domain 2 (CHCHD2) gene was identified as a possible causative gene for Parkinson's disease (PD). Three other neurodegenerative diseases, Alzheimer's disease (AD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD), share significant overlaps with PD in clinical phenotypes, pathological features and genetic heredities, and it is still unclear whether CHCHD2 variants could explain these three diseases. The present study screened all exons of the CHCHD2 gene...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
Morrisville-based contract research organization Worldwide Clinical Trials and Roivant-backed health care technology company Datavant are partnering to take on neurodegenerative diseases. Some of the most common neurodegenerative diseases include Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, Huntington's and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS. According to Worldwide and Datavant, the most common neurodegenerative diseases cost the U.S. close to $800 billion annually.  Through the new partnership, Worldwide and…
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Physician Practices headlines - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: news
Abstract Cholesterol and its oxygenated metabolites, such as oxysterols, are intensively investigated as potential players in the pathophysiology of brain disorder. Altered oxysterol levels have been described in patients with numerous neuropsychiatric disorders, including Alzheimer's disease, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy, and Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome. Recent studies have shown that Autism Spectrum Disorders are associated with disruption of cholesterol metabolism. The present study aimed at investigating the profile of oxysterols in plasma and their associati...
Source: Biochimie - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochimie Source Type: research
Neurodegenerative diseases are often characterized by the presence of intracellular or extracellular protein aggregates in the central nervous system. Mutations of TARDBP gene have been shown to cause Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and have been reported to present with clinical heterogeneity including parkinsonism. TDP-43 pathology has been observed across a spectrum of neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease.
Source: Journal of the Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Clinical short communication Source Type: research
TheNational Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is seeking interested parties to license or co-develop GDNFOS peptides and non-coding RNAs as therapeutic agents for neurodegenerative diseases.Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) is a small human protein encoded by the GDNF gene. GDNF has been effective therapy in laboratory animal models of Parkinson's disease and protects several types of neurons in the brain and peripheral nervous system. Researchers at the NIDA have discovered primate-specific GDNFOS, encoded by the opposite strand of glial cell derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) gene. The GDNFOS gene encodes f...
Source: NIH OTT Licensing Opportunities - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Neurodegenerative diseases (NDDs) are incapacitating disorders that result in progressive motor and cognitive impairment. These disease include Alzheimer's disease the most common cause of dementia, frontotemporal dementia, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, dementia with Lewy bodies, Parkinson's, Huntington's, Friedreich's ataxia, and prion disease. Dementia causing NDDs impose a high social and economic burden on communities around the world. Rapid growth in knowledge regarding the pathogenic mechanisms and disease-associated biomarkers of these diseases in the past few decades have accelerated the developm...
Source: Brain Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Res Source Type: research
Publication date: May 2018 Source:Neurochemistry International, Volume 115 Author(s): Zhihui Zhu, Georg Reiser Small heat shock proteins (sHsps) are a group of proteins with molecular mass between 12 and 43 kDa. Currently, 11 members of this family have been classified, namely HspB1 to HspB11. HspB1, HspB2, HspB5, HspB6, HspB7, and HspB8, which are expressed in brain have been observed to be related to the pathology of neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, Alexander's disease, multiple sclerosis, and human immunodeficiency virus-associated dementia. Specifically, sHsps interact with misfolding ...
Source: Neurochemistry International - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Abstract Bee venom is a very complex mixture of natural products extracted from honey bee which contains various pharmaceutical properties such as peptides, enzymes, biologically active amines and nonpeptide components. The use of bee venom into the specific points is so called bee venom therapy, which is widely used as a complementary and alternative therapy for 3000 years. A growing number of evidence has demonstrated the anti-inflammation, the anti-apoptosis, the anti-fibrosis and the anti-arthrosclerosis effects of bee venom therapy. With these pharmaceutical characteristics, bee venom therapy has also been us...
Source: Toxicon - Category: Toxicology Authors: Tags: Toxicon Source Type: research
Abstract Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's, Huntington's, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and prion disorders are devastating neurodegenerative diseases of increasing prevalence in aging populations. Although clinically different, they share similar molecular features: the accumulation of one or two proteins in abnormal conformations inside or outside neurons. Enhancing protein quality control systems could be a useful strategy to neutralize the abnormal proteins causing neurodegenerative diseases. This review emphasizes the subcellular location of protein deposits in neurodegenerative diseases and the need to ...
Source: Current Opinion in Neurobiology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Curr Opin Neurobiol Source Type: research
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