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Nuclear Medicine Applications in Pediatric Musculoskeletal Diseases: The Added Value of Hybrid Imaging

This article discusses the utility of standard nuclear medicine procedures as they apply to children with musculoskeletal disorders, focusing on the added value of and indications for SPECT/CT. Subsequently, we discuss the expanding role of positron-emitting agents in infection, trauma, and for the diagnosis, staging, and therapeutic response monitoring of children with malignant bone and soft tissue tumors. Differences between disease processes encountered in children as compared with adults are discussed; developmental variants that can, but should not, be confused with disease are illustrated. The need for pediatric-specific protocols is addressed. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

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We describe the case of a 77-year-old male who developed osteomyelitis secondary to S. maltophilia infection after an open distal tibial fracture sustained by falling off a ladder. The purpose of the present case report was to highlight this highly resistant microbe as an infectious etiology.
Source: The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide an overview of osteomyelitis. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After completing this continuing education activity, you should be able to: 1. Distinguish the pathogenesis of osteomyelitis in children and adults. 2. Identify practical considerations for diagnosis and evidence-based treatment of osteomyelitis. This educational activity reviews the pathogenesis of osteomyelitis and discusses practical considerations fo...
Source: Advances in Skin and Wound Care - Category: Dermatology Tags: Features: Clinical Management Extra Source Type: research
Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) is an established microbiologic cause of pulmonary disease, lymphadenitis, and disseminated disease in cases of advanced immune suppression. However, MAC manifesting as vertebral...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Case report Source Type: research
Discussion Leg pain in children has a broad differential diagnosis and includes more innocuous problems such as growing pains and transient synovitis but also more serious problems including neurological diseases or malignancy. Occult or self-limited trauma are also common causes. A review can be found here. Limping can be painful or painless and has its own differential diagnosis which can overlap with leg pain. A differential diagnosis for limping can be found here. Muscle weakness also has its’ own differential diagnosis which can be found here. Learning Point Benign acute childhood myositis (BACM) has other names...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
e; CL Abstract BACKGROUND: Implant-related infections are associated with impaired bone healing and osseointegration. In vitro antiadhesive and antibacterial properties and in vivo antiinflammatory effects protecting against bone loss of various formulations of vitamin E have been demonstrated in animal models. However, to the best of our knowledge, no in vivo studies have demonstrated the synergistic activity of vitamin E in preventing bacterial adhesion to orthopaedic implants, thus supporting the bone-implant integration. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to test whether a vitamin E phospha...
Source: Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Clin Orthop Relat Res Source Type: research
To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap (stage I) combined with iliac bone flap (stage II) in the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis of the lower extremity.
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Conclusion Although having a small number of patients and lack of standard approach, 18F-FDG PET/CT seemed useful to discriminate uncomplicated cases of primary bloodstream infections and detect occult foci of metastatic infection in patients with positive cutaneous lesions cultures.
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
ConclusionsA low level of quality and satisfaction of life and ability to perform activities of daily living were observed in OM patients with war-related ankle-foot injuries. Surgeries of the ankle and foot due to pain were much more common in OM patients than in non-OM participants. Since all the participants were classified as the C-host, health policy planning seems to be necessary.
Source: Military Medical Research - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
D, Asensi V Abstract OBJECTIVE: Osteomyelitis is a difficult-to-cure infection, with high relapse rate despite adequate therapy. Large published osteomyelitis series in adults are rare. METHODS: A total of 344 adult osteomyelitis patients were studied and followed> 12 months after hospital discharge. Demographic, microbiological, clinical, therapeutic and outcome data were analyzed. RESULTS: Mean age was 52.5 ± 18.3 years and 233 (67.7%) were male. Main osteomyelitis types were post-surgical (31.1%), post-traumatic (26.2%) and hematogenous (23%). Tibia (24.1%) and femur (21.8%), and methicillin...
Source: Revista Espanola de Quimioterapia - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Rev Esp Quimioter Source Type: research
Authors: Souza LCD, Lopes FF, Bastos EG, Alves CMC Abstract Chronic renal patients are more susceptible to hospital complications and infections such as urinary tract infections, peritonitis, surgery infections, and bacteremia, which are often caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. A case of a HIV-positive girl with chronic kidney disease and with serious oral lesions due to P. aeruginosa septic shock is presented. The patient showed necrotic lesions in the oral mucosa, pathological tooth mobility, bone loss, and hematogenous osteomyelitis in the maxilla. The patient was submitted to systemic antibiotic therapy based on...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
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