Polyethylene on Cement Spacers: An Economic Approach to an Effective Infection Eradication in a Two-Stage Knee Revision Articulating Spacers
J Knee Surg DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1625960Although two-stage revision surgery is generally considered as the gold standard treatment for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) after total knee arthroplasty, the procedure is limited by the costs of commercially preformed spacers used for treatment. In this work, we aim to report a modified approach by which the cost of the spacer could be significantly reduced without compromising eradication of infection. Between 2010 and 2016, we performed a total of 11 two-stage revision arthroplasties using a surgically handmade spacer with a new polyethylene insert. Patients were aged 59 to 80 years old (mean 69.9 years), with a range of motion (ROM) between 20° and 65° on the affected knee (mean 46.4°) before the first-stage revision surgery. During the perioperative and postoperative period, functional and clinical evaluation of the patients were performed, including the determination of their articular ROM, Knee Society Knee Scores (KSKS), and Knee Society Function Scores (KSFS). All patients were followed up for an average of 2 years, ranging from 1 to 4 years. After the second-stage revision surgery, the mean ROM was increased by 46.8° (46.4°–93.2°) after the second-stage revision. KSKS and KSFS scores were recorded to increase by an average of 44.5° (range 40.4°–84.9°) and 46.9° (range 38.5°–85.4°), respectively. All 11 patients underwent a successful two-stage revision su...
Publication date: Available online 20 October 2018Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Y. Ayari
Publication date: Available online 20 October 2018Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Vincent Khor, LIE Kwok Ying
In this report, we looked at opioid medication use following discharge after radical prostatectomy. We found that 77% of opioid pain medication prescribed was unused, with 84% of patients using less than half of their prescription. Prescribing more opioids was associated with greater use; only 9% of patients appropriately disposed of leftover medication.
Authors: Voulgaris A, Nena E, Steiropoulos P PMID: 30338831 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Fisichella R, Benfatto S, Berretta S PMID: 30338830 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Pintaudi B, Di Vieste G, Corrado F, Lucisano G, Giunta L, D'Anna R, Di Benedetto A Abstract OBJECTIVE: Myo-inositol supplementation prevents gestational diabetes (GDM) in women at risk and reduces insulin resistance in women with GDM. No data are available about its effect on glucose variability. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a supplementation of myo-inositol on glucose variability in women with GDM. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Myo-inositol effect on glucose variability was studied in a pilot case-control study involving 12 consecutive pregnant women (median age 34 years, 25.0% insulin...
CONCLUSIONS: MiR-124 down-regulation was associated with renal cancer cell OS-RC-2 invasion enhancement. Over-expression of miR-124 attenuated OS-RC-2 cell invasion by down-regulating STAT3 and MMP-9. PMID: 30338828 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: We found that the majority of human milk samples included beta-lactams or quinolones, even though the mothers did not receive these antibiotics during pregnancy and lactation. Antibiotic residues in human milk may affect early maintenance of the intestinal microbiota. Previous studies have shown that antimicrobials in food might increase the risks of allergies and could lead to the development of antibiotic-resistant bacterial strains. Effective policies on food safety and appropriate antibiotic use during pregnancy and lactation are needed. PMID: 30338827 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: Cyclosporine protects HK-2 cells from inflammatory injury via regulating mTOR pathway. PMID: 30338826 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Golino M, Spera FR, Manfredonia L, De Vita A, Di Franco A, Lamendola P, Villano A, Melita V, Mencarelli E, Lanza GA, Crea F Abstract OBJECTIVE: About one-third of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) for flow-limiting coronary stenosis continue to develop signs of myocardial ischemia (MI) during exercise stress test [EST], despite successful coronary revascularization. Coronary microvascular dysfunction is a likely major cause of the persistence of EST-induced MI in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 15 patients (14 men, age 67±5 years) fulfilling the foll...