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Reduced neural empathy for women wearing revealing clothes

The participants watched women being rejected in a ball-passing game (the black blocks over their eyes did not appear in the actual study); from Cogoni et al 2018 By Christian Jarrett Psychologists define objectification as when we look upon a person and think about them more in terms of their bodies than their minds, and see them as less capable than normal of having their own self-control and will. Any context that encourages us to focus on a person’s body, more than their mind, is said to lead to objectification, such as when, in a previous era, a Formula One fan looked upon an attractive “grid girl” dressed in revealing clothes. Perhaps the most serious concern about objectification is that it can lead us to disregard the rights and experiences of the objectified person. For instance, past research has shown that we’re more inclined to blame a rape victim depicted in a bikini, and more willing to (hypothetically) administer painful tablets to men and women shown wearing swim wear, rather than fully clothed. Now a study in Cortex has taken things further by showing that volunteers’ empathy-related brain activity was diminished when they saw an objectified woman suffering social rejection, as compared with a woman who wasn’t objectified. Carlotta Cogoni at the University of Trento, and her colleagues scanned the brains of 36 young adult participants (including 19 women) while they played or watched a simple ball-passi...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Brain Forensic Gender Sex Source Type: blogs

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ConclusionOur case report contributes to the accruing evidence on the effectiveness of denosumab for the treatment of spinal ABCs. However, long-term safety, risk of recurrence, optimal duration of treatment and consistency of denosumab are yet to be determined.
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
When a doctor in your hospital system kills himself, the entire medical staff receives a mass email informing everyone of “Dr. So-and-So’s sudden unexpected death”. Thoughts and prayers for his family and loved ones. Perhaps a link to your Employee Assistance Program is provided, for those who may need counseling or grief assistance.  This is followed later that day with another email detailing the schedule for the final arrangements. Calling hours. Funeral. Directions to the church.Not everyone will have known the physician. So most scan the email and then go about thei...
Source: Buckeye Surgeon - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: blogs
Forget dipping your toe in the deep end. In countries around the world, intrepid swimmers of all ages plunge into ice-cold waters for a thrill that can feel as sharp as daggers–and bragging rights that last all winter. Welcome to the fun and frigid world of cold-water swimming. The hobby is nothing new. It’s been around for centuries in chilly climes such as Russia and Finland, and people have been crossing the notoriously frosty, 21-mile-long English Channel without wet suits since at least the 1800s. The Coney Island Polar Bear Club hosted its first U.S. ocean dip in 1903. And while polar plunges have become ...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized cold water swimming healthytime Longevity Source Type: news
There is a critical need to understand the effect of opioid analgesics on the brain structures to develop more effective treatments for pain management. Here, we used a surface-based MRI analysis technique to assess grey matter volume and cortical and subcortical thickness to identify the morphological patterns of cortical alterations in patients with chronic low back pain on opioid (CBP+) compared to those not on opioid (CBP-) and healthy controls (HC). Whole-brain T1-weighted 3D SPGR sequences were collected on a 3T GE scanner in 13 CBP+ patients (8 males, mean age  ± SD = 50 &pl...
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
Using positron emission tomography and the radioligand [11C]PBR28, we recently demonstrated elevated brain levels of the 18  kDa translocator protein (TSPO)1, a glial activation marker, in chronic low back pain (cLBP) patients. Here we scanned additional cLBP patients (N = 11) and controls (N = 18) to determine the reproducibility of the initial findings, and interrogate the association between glial activation and negative affect. Standardized uptake value (SUV60-90 min) images, normalized by whole brain (SUVR), were used as an outcome metric.
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 January 2018 Source:The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery Author(s): Natalie Coriaty, Katherine Pettibone, Nicholas Todd, Shannon Rush, Ryan Carter, Colin Zdenek Shortening of the first ray is a potential complication associated with first metatarsal procedures. Correction of this deformity conventionally has required the use of a tricortical bone graft to lengthen the bone. Graft complications, including donor site morbidity, poor graft stability, and graft resorption, have revealed a need for an alternative procedure. The present report shows that titanium cage scaffolding has lower...
Source: The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionIn recreational and elite athletes, BME showed on average in 3‐4 SIJ quadrants, meeting the ASAS definition in 30%‐41%. The posterior lower ilium was the single most affected SIJ region. These findings in athletes help refine data‐driven thresholds for defining sacroiliitis in early SpA.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Arthritis and Rheumatism - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Full Length Source Type: research
Conclusion Dermoid cysts of the conus medullaris are challenging to treat. Surgical control and restraint are key, especially when patients are young and could potentially fully recover and remain in remission for a period of years.
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
We present 18F-fluorocholine PET/CT imaging of prostate cancer with very rare lytic bone metastases.
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Interesting Images Source Type: research
Superman, Spiderman, the Flash, the Avengers, Green Arrow, Catwoman. Idolized superheroes are able to fly, jump from one roof to another beating up the bad guys. Although they all have their unique characteristics and superpowers, one thing is common. They all use their abilities to the fullest. Digital health offers you the same. You can become a real superhero if you proactively harness the power of technology for your health. Technology has the potential to transform how we think about our health The current medical system in most countries works as a reactive setting. The patient goes to the doctor with existing sympt...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Cyborgization Future of Medicine Health Sensors & Trackers artificial intelligence comics digital digital health Healthcare Innovation marvel marvel universe superhero superpower technology Source Type: blogs
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