Reduced neural empathy for women wearing revealing clothes

The participants watched women being rejected in a ball-passing game (the black blocks over their eyes did not appear in the actual study); from Cogoni et al 2018 By Christian Jarrett Psychologists define objectification as when we look upon a person and think about them more in terms of their bodies than their minds, and see them as less capable than normal of having their own self-control and will. Any context that encourages us to focus on a person’s body, more than their mind, is said to lead to objectification, such as when, in a previous era, a Formula One fan looked upon an attractive “grid girl” dressed in revealing clothes. Perhaps the most serious concern about objectification is that it can lead us to disregard the rights and experiences of the objectified person. For instance, past research has shown that we’re more inclined to blame a rape victim depicted in a bikini, and more willing to (hypothetically) administer painful tablets to men and women shown wearing swim wear, rather than fully clothed. Now a study in Cortex has taken things further by showing that volunteers’ empathy-related brain activity was diminished when they saw an objectified woman suffering social rejection, as compared with a woman who wasn’t objectified. Carlotta Cogoni at the University of Trento, and her colleagues scanned the brains of 36 young adult participants (including 19 women) while they played or watched a simple ball-passi...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Brain Forensic Gender Sex Source Type: blogs

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In the seven years since the original Wheat Belly book hit bookstores and turned the nutritional world topsy-turvy and millions of people have engaged in a grain-free lifestyle, many unique lessons have been learned. Even though I had engaged the practices of this lifestyle for a number of years and in thousands of people before I broadcast these ideas through books, expanding the audience to many more people yielded feedback on an enormous scale, new lessons that even surprised me. Among the new lessons learned along the way: Plantar fasciitis—I did not expect to have so many people report that this painful conditi...
Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: News & Updates bowel flora gluten gluten-free grain-free grains Inflammation Weight Loss Source Type: blogs
Conclusion The intervention did not result in more frequent use of the necessary AD but led to more general use of AD, as well as increased communication and guidance.byJakobsen MD, Aust B, Kines P, Madeleine P, Andersen LL. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3770
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - Category: Occupational Health Tags: Original article Source Type: research
Conclusion. Endplate defect, LDD, and MC are all independent risk factors for episodes of severe and disabling LBP. Longitudinal analysis showed DD is followed by MC. Endplate defect has significant heritability of 55%. However, whether endplate defect triggers DD or these pathological changes occur concurrently could not be conclusively determined. Level of Evidence: 2
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: DIAGNOSTICS Source Type: research
Technology is changing the face of healthcare as we know it. Virtual and Augmented Reality that once were associated only with game and film industries are now becoming a real game-changer in healthcare. Gone are the days when students practiced on real patients. Today, VR and AR solutions can not only improve medical education and training but also provide profound patient treatment, medical rehabilitation, consultation, and diagnosis. What’s next? AR &VR in Healthcare: The Industry Landscape A recent report by Research and Markets states that augmented and virtual reality in the healthcare market r...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Digital Health Imaging Source Type: news
If self-care steps for back pain such as gentle activity, local heat, or massage don’t ease discomfort within a few weeks to a month, or if you struggle with chronic low back pain, a physiatrist can help you navigate the dizzying number of treatment options. These range from conservative therapies (such as medicines, physical therapy, and chiropractic care) to more invasive options (such as spine injections and spinal surgery). What is a physiatrist? Physiatrists are medical doctors who specialize in physical medicine and rehabilitation. We focus on holistic, nonsurgical care aimed at improving function for people wh...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Back Pain Bones and joints Health Pain Management Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: Workplace inclusion of employees is difficult when their health problems are unspecific, longstanding, and lead to negative consequences for children or colleagues. System level efforts are necessary to reduce negative stereotypes about employees with health problems and facilitate inclusion practices. PMID: 30301425 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research
ConclusionsThere have been no previous reports of a case of TAFRO syndrome complicated with adrenal necrosis. Because the biopsy of the left adrenal gland revealed necrosis without any evidence of hemorrhage, we concluded that the unilateral adrenal necrosis in this case was caused by either ischemia from infarction or organomegaly itself under severe hypercytokinemia. This unusual clinical course is useful for further analysis of the etiology of TAFRO syndrome.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion. These results reveal that spontaneous IDD causes dysregulation of the inflammatory pathways active in the multifidus muscle. These alterations were related to the severity of IDD and were prevented by physical activity. Level of Evidence: N/A
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Basic Science Source Type: research
This study’s goal was to (i) assess the clinical outcomes with and without vertebral augmentation (VA) for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) with versus without correlating signs and symptoms; and (ii) acute (symptoms 6 mo). Summary of Background Data: Previously, a randomized controlled trial in the New England Journal of Medicine concluded that vertebroplasty for osteoporotic VCFs provided no clinical benefit over sham surgery. However, the VCFs examined had no clinical correlation with symptom, physical examination, or imaging (magnetic resonance imaging/bone scan) findings. Nonetheless...
Source: Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques - Category: Surgery Tags: Systematic Review Source Type: research
Rationale: Traumatic hip dislocation is a common joint dislocation. Delayed reduction has been shown to increase the risk of avascular necrosis of the femoral head. Most of the traditional methods must be performed under general anesthesia or spinal anesthesia to relax hip muscles. Anesthesia will prolong the interval between the injury and the reduction. Patient concerns: 16 patients presented with hip pain and a leg shortened, flexed, internally rotated and adducted. Diagnoses: X-ray and CT-scan showed acute closed posterior dislocation of hip. Interventions: Closed reduction of the traumatic posterior-disloca...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
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