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Fetal Alcohol Disorder May Be More Common Than Previously Thought

In a new JAMA study of more than 6,000 first-graders, researchers estimate that between 1.1% and 9.8% of American children have developmental or neurological problems caused by fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs)—a significantly higher number than previous studies have reported. And out of the hundreds of children determined in the study to have FASD, only two had been previously diagnosed. The estimate comes from school-based assessments, family interviews and in-person evaluations of 6- and 7-year-olds in four communities across the country: one in the Midwest, one in the Rocky Mountains, one in the Southeast and one in the Pacific Southwest. Previous studies, which have estimated the rate of FASD to affect just 1% of children, involved smaller groups of people from single communities or from people in doctors’ offices, say the authors of the new study. FASD is an umbrella term for health abnormalities caused by exposure to alcohol in the womb; it includes fetal alcohol syndrome, partial fetal alcohol syndrome and alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder. FASDs are a leading cause of developmental disabilities around the world, and people with these conditions can experience growth deficiencies, facial abnormalities and organ damage. They often have physical, cognitive and social challenges throughout life, and have an increased risk of premature death. Before the current study began, researchers established standardized classification criteria for FAS...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized drinking alcohol while pregnant drinking while pregnant drinking wine while pregnant fetal alcohol effect fetal alcohol spectrum disorder fetal alcohol syndrome fetal alcohol syndrome baby fetal alcohol syndrome definition Source Type: news

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ConclusionThe presented missions contribute significantly to an improvement in local healthcare and decrease the burden of disease. We were able to show the sustainable character of these surgical missions. As a next step, we will analyse the cost-effectiveness of MSTs.
Source: Hernia - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
In conclusion, these data suggest that increased prenatal Ang2 has a predominant impact on the properties of renal Na,K-ATPase in both sexes. Moreover, the enzyme is resistant to higher salt intake in offspring prenatally exposed to Ang2. PMID: 29769424 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: J Physiol Pharmacol Source Type: research
Authors: Iciek R, Brazert M, Wender-Ozegowska E, Pietryga M, Brazert J Abstract Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is still related to altered fetal growth and severe maternal complications. We studied the possible role of placental visfatin/nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) in fetal development in T1DM pregnancies, the possible role of placental visfatin in fetal macrosomia. Sixty five pregnant women with T1DM and singleton pregnancy were qualified into the study. Placental visfatin expression was by analysed by RT-PCR. We demonstrated the lowest expression of placental visfatin in women who delivered ne...
Source: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: J Physiol Pharmacol Source Type: research
Authors: Baird JF, Sandroff BM, Motl RW Abstract INTRODUCTION: Mobility disability is one of the most widespread and impactful consequences of multiple sclerosis (MS). Disease modifying drugs (DMDs) may delay the progression of disability over time; however, there is minimal evidence supporting the efficacy of DMDs for reversing mobility disability or restoring ambulatory function in persons with MS. Areas covered: This review outlines symptomatic pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic therapeutic approaches that target mobility disability with the goal of restoring and improving walking function. First, the efficacy of ...
Source: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics - Category: Neurology Tags: Expert Rev Neurother Source Type: research
In this study, we explore if WHODAS 2.0 can be used for identifying severity of illness measured by CGI using the Fisher Linear Discriminant Analysis (FLDA) and for identifying which individual items of WHODAS 2.0 best predict CGI scores given by clinicians. One hundred and twenty-two patients were assessed with WHODAS 2.0 and CGI during three months in outpatient mental health facilities of four hospitals of Madrid, Spain. Compared with the traditional correction of WHODAS 2.0, FLDA improves accuracy in near 15%, and so, with FLDA WHODAS 2.0 classifying correctly 59.0% of the patients. Furthermore, FLDA identifies item 6....
Source: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine - Category: Statistics Tags: Comput Math Methods Med Source Type: research
The Texas Medical Association (TMA) will not rest until maternal mortality is eliminated in Texas. Carlos J. Cardenas, MD, TMA ’s immediate past president, threw down a gauntlet today to his physician colleagues — a goal of zero deaths among Texas women who are pregnant or new mothers.
Source: TMA News Room - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: The present study indicates cognitive and behavioural dispositions in alcohol naive offspring at high risk for alcoholism and support the sub-optimal balance between reflective and impulsive system responsible for addiction. Furthermore, present study supports separability between two different types of decision making tasks. PMID: 29775836 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
Authors: Merinopoulou E, Pokras S, Pimenta JM, Blini V, Veronesi C, Buda S, Degli Esposti L, Lambrelli D Abstract BACKGROUND: Preterm labor (PTL)/preterm birth (PTB) impose significant burden on healthcare systems. Women with uncomplicated pregnancies at risk of PTL/PTB have not been widely investigated, and published evidence on the costs of these women and their infants in Italy is absent. We aimed to describe women with uncomplicated pregnancies and associated costs for these women and their infants. METHODS: Data on women aged 12-44 years with uncomplicated pregnancies who delivered between 1/9/2009-31/12/2...
Source: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research - Category: Health Management Tags: Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res Source Type: research
One of my challenges in working with patients suffering from addictive illnesses is to help increase their motivation to stick with a long-term recovery plan. This is a significant challenge for many reasons, especially because the disease of addiction affects the brain's ability to value long term recovery. The one exception to this difficulty, in many cases, is when a female patient gets pregnant. I have witnessed women who struggled for years with an addictive illness discover they are pregnant and, when the pregnancy is wanted, are able to make incredible strides in their recovery. They are often able to maintain sobri...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Here are the facts. By Nina Bahadur, SELF Image: Jocelyn Runice for SELF On Feb. 1, the CDC released new guidelines urging women of childbearing age to avoid drinking alcohol unless they are using contraception. This new guideline is designed to prevent fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), which are caused by a fetus being exposed to alcohol in utero. FASD is a 100 percent preventable condition. According to the CDC, more than 3.3 million U.S. women are at risk of exposing a developing fetus to alcohol because they drink, are sexually active, and don't use birth control and are therefore at risk for an unplanned preg...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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