Report: Interest surges in AI for radiology

While approximately one in four hospital radiology departments has either just...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Device group picks ACR use case on AI for demo project Can AI learn how to understand radiologist reports? AI, radiomics help distinguish lung nodules on CT scans AI-based chatbot answers routine radiology questions AI's role in radiology evolving toward a promising future
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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In this study, we assessed the efficacy of EphA3 antibody drug conjugate (ADC) and radioimmunotherapy (RIT) approaches using orthotopic animal xenograft models. Brain uptake studies, using positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging, show EphA3 antibodies are effectively delivered across the blood-tumour barrier and accumulate at the tumour site with no observed normal brain reactivity. A robust anti-tumour response, with no toxicity, was observed using EphA3, ADC, and RIT approaches, leading to a significant increase in overall survival. Our current research provides evidence that GBM patients may be...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe results indicated that the leakage sign is a sensitive predictor of hematoma expansion and poor outcomes in ASDH. If the hematoma is small but leakage sign-positive, strict observation is necessary and aggressive surgery may improve outcomes.
Source: Acta Neurochirurgica - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
This study aims to develop adjusted percentiles for numCP to provide a better context for understanding CAC scan findings.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionEmploying state-of-the-art functional SPECT/CT hybrid imaging, we could reliably assess and quantify right and left ventricular sympathetic innervation. The RV/M ratio was significantly lower in patients diagnosed with ARVC/D and provided sensitive and specific discrimination between patients with ARVC/D and IVF patients.
Source: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Ultra-low-dose CT has a good detection rate for all kinds of stone, even when the fragment size is small. Only small uric acid fragments need higher energy settings in order to be detected. When the stone composition is known after surgery for urolithiasis, the most appropriate CT scan setting could be suggested by the urologist during their follow-up. PMID: 30547905 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Minerva Urol Nefrol Source Type: research
OBJECTIVE: The clinical evaluation of motor vehicle collision (MVC) victims is challenging and commonly relies on computed tomography (CT) to detect internal injuries. CT scans are financially expensive and each scan exposes the patient to additional ioniz...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
ConclusionsTCEA completely guided with previous MRI and CT scan to select the coronary artery in relation to the substrate seems to be feasible as an alternative strategy in cases of intramural VT refractory to RF ablation.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: TECHNIQUES, TECHNOLOGY, AND INNOVATIONS Source Type: research
This study describes the construction of different scan acquisition protocols for micro-CT system applications. Fully-sampled Feldkamp (FDK)-reconstructed images were used as references for comparison to assess the image quality produced by these tested protocols. The insufficient portions of a sinogram were inpainted by applying a context encoder (CE), a type of generative adversarial network, to the LAIR process. The context image was passed through an encoder to identify features that were connected to the decoder using a channel-wise fully-connected layer. Our results evidence the excellent performance of this novel ap...
Source: Sensors - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
We present a case of a suspect splenic hematoma in an anticoagulated patient with an ignored diabetes mellitus, come to our emergency department. Lab tests showed increased CRP and INR, with an incoming hepatorenal syndrome. During the CT-scan the patient became unstable and the hemoglobin decreased. We decided for an emergency explorative laparotomy finding instead purulent collections with no evidence of bleeding, so we drained the pus and performed a splenectomy. After we excluded all the common primary sites of infection, we found out a severe chronic parodontopathy caused by multiple colonies of Candida albicans. KEY ...
Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Ital Chir Source Type: research
Authors: Guo L, Zhang L, Zhao J Abstract Value of computed tomography (CT) scan and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the diagnosis and treatment of esophageal cancer was investigated. Seventy-eight patients with esophageal cancer treated in Jinan Central Hospital (Jinan, China) from January 2013 to June 2014 were selected. All patients underwent CT scan and DWI examination, and their clinical history data were analyzed. DWI was conducted. The short-term curative effect and the 3-year survival rate of patients in the high apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value group and the low ADC value group were compared; ...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
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