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How brain ’s reward system lessened distress over 2016 election results

Some people disturbed by the 2016 presidential election have suffered a loss of appetite, trouble sleeping and concentrating, and have become easily annoyed, while others equally disturbed by the election result have not experienced such symptoms of depression. A new study by UCLA psychologists explains the differences between these two groups.Those who had no symptoms of depression had either strong family support or heightened activity in two key regions of the brain ’s reward system: the nucleus accumbens and the medial prefrontal cortex.“This is the first study to show this buffering effect of the brain works for events that are political in nature,” said senior author Adriana Galván, UCLA associate professor of psychology and a member of UCLA’s Brain Research Institute.The researchers brought in their first study participant on Dec. 9, 2016, one month after the election, and the study lasted through March 2017. The research ispublished online today in the Journal of Neuroscience.Galv án and Sarah Tashjian, first author and a UCLA doctoral student in psychology, evaluated 60 people from Los Angeles in two groups and conducted functional magnetic resonance imaging brain scans at UCLA’s Staglin Center for Cognitive Neuroscience. The first group (the “affected” group) had 40 participants who were disturbed by the presidential election and thought they would be personally harmed by Donald Trump’s presidency. A seco...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

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Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: ADHD and ADD Caregivers Children and Teens Parenting Personal Personality Research Stigma Stress Student Therapist Students Success & Achievement Suicide Coping Skills defiant oppositional Discipline Emotional Disabilities Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: The CMFS provides reliable and valid information on mental fatigue for future research and clinical practice involving patients with traumatic brain injury. PMID: 29461861 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
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Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Depression Behavioral Health Healthy Eating Mental Health Source Type: blogs
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Source: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association - Category: Health Management Authors: Tags: Quality Improvement Source Type: research
ConclusionSystolic blood pressure, time watching TV, and symptoms of depression and anxiety may contribute to arterial stiffness and be related to obesity in junior high school students.
Source: Pediatrics International - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Depression is a common, dysthymic, and psychiatric disorder, resulting in enormous social and economic burden. Dammarane sapogenins (DS), an active fraction from oriental ginseng, has shown antidepressant‐like effects in chronic restraint rats and sleep interruption‐induced mice, and the present study aimed to further confirm the antidepressant effects of DS in a model of chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) and to explore the underlying mechanism. Oral administration of DS (20, 40, and 80 mg/kg) markedly improved depressant‐like behaviors, increasing the sucrose intake in the sucrose preference test and red...
Source: Phytotherapy Research - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
Follow me on Twitter @RobShmerling Ever wonder what other people are wondering about? I know I do. So, here are the top 10 health searches in Google for 2017. And just so you don’t have to look each one up, I’ve provided a brief answer. You’re welcome. 1.  What causes hiccups? I was surprised this one made it to the top 10 list of health searches. Maybe this search is common because hiccups are as mysterious as they are universal. I’ve written about hiccups before, but let’s just say the cause in any individual person is rarely known or knowable. Then again, the reason hiccups stop is als...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Source Type: blogs
Background: Although there is significant evidence that the family caregivers (FCs) of cancer patients can experience significant caregiver burden and symptoms, less is known about the relationships between FCs and patient characteristics that influence caregiver burden. Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of cancer patients’ and FCs’ symptoms and demographic characteristics on caregiver burden at initiation of the patients’ radiation treatment. Methods: Two hundred eighty-one dyads of FCs and cancer patients who received a diagnosis of breast, prostate, melanoma, lympho...
Source: Cancer Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Chronic geriatric pain is a complex condition to assess and treat. Older age is associated with several highly prevalent comorbid pain conditions including both musculoskeletal and neurologic conditions.1 The impact of pain in older persons goes far beyond physiologic risks to include impaired cognitive function, depression, sleep disturbance, diminished socialization, increased healthcare use and costs, and impaired functional abilities.2 Despite the prevalence and potential impact, stoic attitudes of older adults in pain, myths about pain being a natural element of aging, and fears about potential addiction, can lead to ...
Source: Geriatric Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Lerousseau L Abstract Excessive daytime sleepiness is a major symptom in cases of the obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome. Most often, it is vastly improved by treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). The most effective way to confirm its disappearance is through wakefulness maintenance testing. If residual sleepiness remains, despite CPAP, further diagnostic investigation must be carried out. Firstly, it must be assessed whether the treatment is fully effective (apnea hypopnea index6h/night). If this is the case, the possibility of other situations responsible for excessive daytime...
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
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