Surveillance of British ticks: An overview of species records, host associations, and new records of Ixodes ricinus distribution

Publication date: Available online 3 February 2018 Source:Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases Author(s): Benjamin Cull, Maaike E. Pietzsch, Kayleigh M. Hansford, Emma L. Gillingham, Jolyon M. Medlock Public Health England’s passive Tick Surveillance Scheme (TSS) records the distribution, seasonality and host associations of ticks submitted from across the United Kingdom (UK), and helps to inform the UK government on emerging tick-borne disease risks. Here we summarise data collected through surveillance during 2010–2016, and compare with previous TSS data from 2005 to 2009, particularly in relation to the primary Lyme borreliosis vector Ixodes ricinus. 4173 records were submitted, constituting >14,000 ticks; 97% were endemic tick records (13,833 ticks of 11 species), with an additional 97 records of imported ticks (438 ticks of 17 species). Tick submissions were mainly from veterinary professionals (n = 1954; 46.8%) and members of the public and amateur entomologists (n = 1600; 38.3%), as well as from academic institutions (n = 249; 6.0%), wildlife groups (n = 239; 5.7%) and health professionals (n = 131; 3.1%). The most commonly reported hosts of endemic ticks were dogs (n = 1593; 39.1% of all records), humans (n = 835; 20.5%) and cats (n = 569; 14%). New host associations were recorded for a number of tick species. Ixodes ricinus was the most frequently recorded endemic tick species (n = 2413; 59.2% of all records), followed by ...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research

Related Links:

Purpose: The South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic is an endemic area of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE). In 2017, the inhabitants of Římov municipality developed a serious course of TBE and Lyme borreliosis (LB). This led experts to research and serology examinations of the inhabitants of Římov in order to detect the seroprevalence of TBE and LB.
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: 21.130 Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 December 2018Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): George Psevdos, Teresa Khoo, Robert Chow, Christopher L Romano, Scott CampbellAbstractIn North America, Lyme disease (LD) is caused predominantly by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferisensu stricto, and is transmitted by blacklegged ticks. Long Island, New York, is highly endemic for the disease. The C6 peptide (C6P) is currently used as a screening test for LD in our institution. Our objective was to examine how screening with C6P concorded with diagnosis of LD at the Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Northport, Long Island. ...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 26 September 2018Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): R. Dersch, A. Sarnes, M. Maul, O. Minakowski, T. Hottenrott, O. Stich, S. RauerAbstractAbout 5–20% of the general population in endemic areas have seroprevalence for anti-borrelial antibodies. Previous studies have shown a high rate of 25–97% of persisting anti-borrelial antibodies in patients with treated Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) at follow-up. These studies used immunoblots with antigens from whole-cell sonicates, which could be less specific than modern recombinant antigens. We assessed the seroprevalence of...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
This study assessed cost-effectiveness of a potential anti-tick vaccine that would protect against both Lyme borreliosis (LB) and tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in a highly endemic setting of Slovenia.A Markov model was developed to estimate cost-effectiveness of a vaccine with potential combined protection against LB and TBE from the societal perspective. The model expressed time in annual cycles, followed a target population through their lifetime, and applied an annual discounting of 3%. A target population entered the model in a susceptible state, with time dependent probabilities to acquire LB/TBE. Disease manifestatio...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our results confirm national trends suggesting increasing rates of TBI and substantially increased testing. This may reflect a greater incidence of TBI in our region and/or increased awareness of these infections. PMID: 30032283 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Clinical Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Am J Clin Pathol Source Type: research
This study shows that humus type can be indicative of nymph abundance. Three types of humus were observed: (1) moder, (2) mull, and (3) mull-moder humus. One of them, moder humus, which is characterized by a thick layer of fragmented leaves, was found in multivariate analyses to be strongly associated with the nymph abundance. This study demonstrates that factors such as saturation deficit do not suffice to explain the differences in nymph abundance among sites. The composition of the soil and especially the type of humus should also be taken into consideration when assessing acarological risk.
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTICE: Vectorborne diseases are a large and growing public health problem in the United States, characterized by geographic specificity and frequent pathogen emergence and introduction. Differences in distribution and transmission dynamics of tickborne and mosquitoborne diseases are often rooted in biologic differences of the vectors. To effectively reduce transmission and respond to outbreaks will require major national improvement of surveillance, diagnostics, reporting, and vector control, as well as new tools, including vaccines. PMID: 29723166 [PubMed - in process]
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our data reported an high percentage of Lyme Disease infection (19%) in non endemic area. The definition of a multidisciplinary working group and a clinical care pathway allowed a better clinical management of Lyme disease cases treated in Sacco Hospital, Milan. PMID: 29600690 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia - Category: Dermatology Tags: G Ital Dermatol Venereol Source Type: research
This study shows that humus type can be indicative of nymph abundance. Three types of humus were observed: (1) moder, (2) mull, and (3) mull-moder humus. One of them, moder humus, which is characterized by a thick layer of fragmented leaves, was found in multivariate analyses to be strongly associated with the nymph abundance. This study demonstrates that factors such as saturation deficit do not suffice to explain the differences in nymph abundance among sites. The composition of the soil and especially the type of humus should also be taken into consideration when assessing acarological risk.
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
A constant increase in the incidence of tick-borne diseases has been observed in Europe since the last decade of the twentieth century. In Poland, the most common zoonoses transmitted by Ixodes ricinus ticks are tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) and Lyme disease. These diseases have become a serious clinical problem, especially in Podlaskie Region, which is considered an endemic area for these diseases (Czupryna et al., 2011).
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
More News: Academia | Endemics | Government | International Medicine & Public Health | Lyme Disease | Tickborne Diseases | UK Health | Veterinary Research | Zoology