New determinants for gallstone disease? 

New determinants for gallstone disease?
. Dan Med J. 2018 Feb;65(2): Authors: Shabanzadeh DM Abstract Gallstone disease is highly prevalent in Denmark and other countries of northern Europe, and cholecystectomy for the treatment of clinical gallstone disease is one the most frequently performed surgical procedures. Research efforts for the identification of mechanisms involved in gallstone formation have a long history and the most established include bile cholesterol saturation, gallbladder motor function, and the enterohepatic circulation of secondary bile salts produced by fecal microbiota. A small number of determinants that are believed to affect these mechanisms have been identified until now. However, much of this research on determinants for gallstone disease has been hampered by insufficient study designs and by insufficient assessment of gallstone disease by only assessing the selected minority of people with clinical gallstone disease. 
In a Danish general-population cohort screened for gallstone disease with multiple ultrasound examinations, it was possible to both confirm previously identified determinants and to identify new determinants for gallstone disease. Temporal associations for incident gallstone disease and female sex, BMI, non-HDL cholesterol, and inverse associations for increasing alcohol consumption and cessation of hormone replacement therapy in females were confirmed. New determinants included testosterone and increase in ...
Source: Danish Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Dan Med J Source Type: research

Related Links:

This study was carried out to analyze the relationship between hematocrit and lipid profile in adults. Material and method: A sample composed of complete blood counts and lipid profiles from the database of Hospital das Cl ínicas da Universidade de São Paulo (HCUSP), São Paulo, Brazil, was used in the analysis. Hematocrit was organized in five groups that were compared with total cholesterol (TC), low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), non-high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (NHDL-C) and high-density-lipopro tein cholesterol (HDL-C) by means of chi-squared and Kruskal-Wallis tests. Results: Both...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The process of harmonization of multiple devices that perform the same laboratory parameters is essential for ensuring quality and reliability of laboratory results and should be standardized and included in routine clinical analysis laboratories.RESUMO Introdu ção: No laboratório clínico, é recomendável a harmonização de equipamentos que visem à homogeneidade dos resultados, quando analisadores similares ou equivalentes são utilizados para desempenho da rotina de realização dos testes. Objetivos: Realizar um estudo de equival&e...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 August 2018Source: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and DieteticsAuthor(s): Jason E. Payne, Melanie T. Turk, Melissa A. Kalarchian, Christine A. PellegriniAbstractUnderstanding how adherence to dietary self-monitoring with apps has been defined is a first step toward examining the relationship between adherence and weight loss. The purpose of this review was to explore how adherence to dietary self-monitoring has been defined in the empirical literature that addresses weight loss app use by overweight and obese adults. The integrative review method and the preferred reporting items ...
Source: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 August 2018Source: Computers in Human BehaviorAuthor(s): Liyuan Wang, John L. Christensen, David C. Jeong, Lynn C. MillerAbstractNarrative games, in which users interact with virtual agents, are increasingly being used in health interventions to change targeted behaviors. In virtual social interactions, based on similar real-life contextual cues, past behavior can predict virtual choices. Here, based on theories in learning and interactivity, we examined the whether following a virtual intervention, choices in social interactions may be particularly diagnostic of future behavior change...
Source: Computers in Human Behavior - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 August 2018Source: Alzheimer's &DementiaAuthor(s): Anna Marseglia, Laura Fratiglioni, Grégoria Kalpouzos, Rui Wang, Lars Bäckman, Weili XuAbstractIntroductionThe impact of prediabetes and diabetes on cognitive decline and the potential underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We investigated whether prediabetes and diabetes accelerate cognitive decline and brain aging, and the initial pathological changes linked to microvascular processes.MethodsNine-year longitudinal data from the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care-Kungsholmen (n = 2746, age ≥60 years) ...
Source: Alzheimer's and Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
Called Revita, the device is already used for type 2 diabetes because the burning process, ablation, burns off cells which have become resistant to insulin.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
ConclusionsOur data suggest that glucokinase in brain and other non β-cell peripheral hypoglycemia sensors is important in glucose homeostasis, allowing the body to detect and respond to a falling blood glucose.Graphical abstract
Source: Molecular Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 August 2018Source: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular (English Edition)Author(s): Felipe Couñago, Carlos Artigas, Gemma Sancho, Alfonso Gómez-Iturriaga, Antonio Gómez-Caamaño, Antonio Maldonado, Begoña Caballero, Fernando López-Campos, Manuel Recio, Elia del Cerro, Iván HenríquezAbstractRadiotherapy is a treatment with curative intent, both in patients with primary diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa) and in patients presenting with biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy (RP). Moreover, the us...
Source: Revista Espanola de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
On August 15, 2018, the National Institute on Drug Abuse will hold a webinar titled, Prevention in Practice: Building Communities that Strengthen the Resiliency of Future Generations. This webinar will feature faith and community presenters who will discuss strategies they are implementing to promote resiliency among young people to resist the pressure and temptation to begin using drugs and alcohol. To learn more and register, visit the National Institute on Drug Abuse website.
Source: BHIC - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: General Source Type: blogs
Older women with osteoporosis who consistently take a bisphosphonate may have a lower risk of fractures and lower total health costs than their counterparts who stop taking these drugs, a U.S. study suggests.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news
More News: Alcoholism | Bile | Cardiology | Cardiovascular | Cholecystectomy | Cholesterol | Coffee | Denmark Health | Diabetes | Diabetes Type 2 | Diets | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Endocrinology | Gallstones | General Medicine | Genetics | Heart | Hormone Replacement Therapy | Hormones | Insulin | Nutrition | Obesity | Smokers | Study | Ultrasound | Vitamin D | Vitamins