New determinants for gallstone disease? .
New determinants for gallstone disease? . Dan Med J. 2018 Feb;65(2): Authors: Shabanzadeh DM Abstract Gallstone disease is highly prevalent in Denmark and other countries of northern Europe, and cholecystectomy for the treatment of clinical gallstone disease is one the most frequently performed surgical procedures. Research efforts for the identification of mechanisms involved in gallstone formation have a long history and the most established include bile cholesterol saturation, gallbladder motor function, and the enterohepatic circulation of secondary bile salts produced by fecal microbiota. A small number of determinants that are believed to affect these mechanisms have been identified until now. However, much of this research on determinants for gallstone disease has been hampered by insufficient study designs and by insufficient assessment of gallstone disease by only assessing the selected minority of people with clinical gallstone disease. In a Danish general-population cohort screened for gallstone disease with multiple ultrasound examinations, it was possible to both confirm previously identified determinants and to identify new determinants for gallstone disease. Temporal associations for incident gallstone disease and female sex, BMI, non-HDL cholesterol, and inverse associations for increasing alcohol consumption and cessation of hormone replacement therapy in females were confirmed. New determinants included testosterone and increase in ...
This health promotion project is a 12-week program for adults in a rural West Virginia community with a body mass index (BMI) of 25 or greater. The goals of this project were to facilitate learning through modules focusing on activity and nutrition, increase knowledge of healthy activity and nutrition, and improve weight and BMI. Each 12-week session provided evidenced-based information regarding obesity, physical activity, and nutrition. Participants completed pre- and postprogram and 1-month follow-up survey/questionnaire. Results were compared for changes in activity, nutrition, and BMI. The program resulted in positive...
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate generic and pediatric parenting stress in an international sample of fathers of children with type 1 diabetes. Two-hundred forty-nine fathers of children ages 2 to 10 years with type 1 diabetes completed the Parenting Stress Index, Pediatric Inventory for Parents, Dads' Active Disease Support Scale (DADS), Self-Care Inventory, and a demographic/disease-related questionnaire online. More frequency of pediatric parenting stress was associated with greater general parenting stress (r = −0.25, P
DISCUSSION: According to data from national population surveys, since 2004, cannabis use was stable or decreased among youth, and rose among adults. Results highlight the importance of consistent monitoring of use in the pre-and post-legalization periods. PMID: 29465739 [PubMed - in process]
"We're not college kids who invented a hangover cure."
Conclusions: One-year chronic exposure to fluid overload is a strong independent risk factor for transfer to HD and death in prevalent PD patients. Although the fluid status of most PD patients is not easily changed over time, becoming euvolemic during the entire PD treatment period seems to be very important.Am J Nephrol 2018;47:120 –129
CONCLUSIONS: Athletes with RC tendinopathy demonstrated less reduction of the SAS with rigid scapular taping during early arm abduction. Such observation was not evidenced in asymptomatic athletes. PMID: 29466076 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
(Reuters Health) - Compared to inactive people, recreational soccer players have lower cholesterol, blood pressure and resting heart rates as well as less fat mass, a research review suggests.
Obesity following treatment of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has become a significant long-term concern. Excessive weight gain often occurs during treatment, particularly during induction and the first 6 months of maintenance therapy, and it may be potentially modifiable. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the impact of an early, 3-visit nutrition intervention on weight gain during maintenance therapy in ALL patients. Medical records of the intervention group were compared with historical controls who were treated on the same ALL treatment protocols during an earlier time period. Anthropometrics were...
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