The essential scan: Top findings in health policy research

The Essential Scan aims to help keep you informed on the latest research and what it means for policymakers. This weeks topics include the 340B drug pricing program, quality of Medicare Advantage skilled nursing facilities, community benefit spending, and quality of marketplace plans compared to Medicaid.
Source: HSR Information Central - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: The present study highlights the predictive and prognostic potential role of 18F-FDG PET/CT in assisting physicians on personalized decision in the selective risk-adapted treatment strategy, and to schedule the correct follow-up approach. PMID: 30556862 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
In this study, food-grade whey protein isolate (WPI) nanofibers were fabricated in combination with guar gum (GG) using the electrospinning method for the first time. The mixture solution of WPI and GG in acidic condition showed spinnability in the concentration range of (WPI: 7–12 and GG: 0.7–0.9 % wt) at 20 kV voltage, 8 cm capillary collector distance and 0.6 ml/min flow rate. The visible transformation in the morphological appearance from nanofibers containing beads to beads free nanofibers was seen when the GG concentration increased from 0.8 to 0.9 % wt at a fixed concentration of WPI (7% wt). Based...
Source: Food Hydrocolloids - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 December 2018Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural BiotechnologyAuthor(s): Balaji Perumalsamy, Murugadas Anbazhagan, Shanmugaapriya Sellathamby, Akbarsha Mohammad AbdulkaderAbstractThree-dimensional (3D) cell culture models represent the cell-cell and cell-ECM interactions and offer reliable data than monolayer cell culture systems. In 3D models scaffolds are used to reflect the microenvironment which mimics cells native condition. The present study focused on fabrication of a cost-effective scaffold system for 3D cell culture. The cost-affordable and bio-active egg white (EW) was used...
Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 December 2018Source: Journal of Molecular StructureAuthor(s): Lidiya A. Koroleva, Alexander V. Abramenkov, Sergey V. Krasnoshchekov, Alexandra V. Korolyova, Anastasia V. BochenkovaAbstractThe potential functions of internal rotation V(φ) (PFIR) of methacryloyl fluoride (MAF) in the ground (S0) and excited (S1) electronic states were reconstructed using the TORSIO program from experimental energy levels of the torsional transitions in the s-trans- and s-cis isomers. The energy levels were obtained from the analysis of the vibrational structure in the high-resolution gas-phase UV spe...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
This study may provide some significant references for large scale photocatalytic hydrogen evolution utilizing solar energy.Graphical abstractThe Y2SiO5:Pr3+,Li, as an up-conversion luminescence agent from visible-light to ultraviolet-light, is synthesized, and then a series of Y2SiO5:Pr3+,Li/NaNbxTa1−xO3 nanoparticles are prepared. The activities of Y2SiO5:Pr3+,Li/Pt-NaNbxTa1−xO3 (x = 0.00, 0.25 and 0.50) are investigated through photocatalytic hydrogen evolution in 10 vol% methanol solution under visible-light irradiation. The influences of Nb content in NaNbxTa1−xO3, mass ratio of Y2SiO5:Pr3+,Li ...
Source: Journal of Molecular Liquids - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 December 2018Source: Journal of Molecular LiquidsAuthor(s): Mohamed Alaasar, Silvio Poppe, Carsten TschierskeAbstractPhotosensitive liquid crystalline materials whose properties could be modified with UV–visible light irradiation are of special interest for photosensitive and photoswitching materials. Herein we represent the first examples of light-responsive halogen bonded supramolecular polycatenars. Photoswitchable liquid-crystalline aggregates were designed and prepared via halogen bond formation between a non-mesogenic taper shaped tetrafluoroiodobenzene based halogen bond-d...
Source: Journal of Molecular Liquids - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
We describe our efforts to address these challenges by modifying solution and interface chemistry, maintaining solution flow, performing systematic post in situ analyses on the samples and applying controlled heating.
Source: Micron - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 March 2019Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, Volume 175Author(s): Jing-Jing Yao, Wei-Yun Wang, De-Cheng Zeng, Yang-Xin Zhang, Zhong-Wen Xie, Tao Lu, Guan-Hu BaoAbstractPoly(butyl-2-cyanoacrylate) (PBCA) nanoparticles have been widely elaborated for nearly half a century. However, PBCA nanowires (PNWs) were seldom investigated. Here, new polymeric biomaterial PNWs were prepared via emulsion polymerization based on the sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)-assisted emulsion process. Results indicated that SDS micelles and PBCA polymer can develop surfactant-polymer complexes by self-assembly at room t...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 March 2019Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, Volume 175Author(s): Nimisha Singh, Jyutika Rajwade, K.M. PaknikarAbstractThe biofilms of Staphylococcus aureus on the implanted materials and chronic wounds are life-threatening and are a substantial financial burden on the healthcare system. Silver nanoparticles (SNP), known for their multi-level physiological effects in planktonic cells could be a promising agent in the treatment of biofilm-related infections also. To gain insight into the effects of SNP on various physiological processes in biofilms we studied the transcriptome of Staphylococ...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
In this study, the vapor-liquid equilibrium data for of six binary pairs made up from 1-hexanol, 1-heptanol, 1-nonanol and 1,3-propanediol at P = 101.3 kPa are presented. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was used to obtain the equilibrium data for each pair binary system. The experimental data were correlated using different activity coefficient models. Results showed that the binary pair consisting of 1-nonanol and 1,3-propanediol was the only pair that contains an azeotrope point. This azeotrope occurred at a 1-nonanol molar composition of 0.4501 and temperature of 474.44 K. The experimental data showed high level...
Source: The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
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