Factors associated with submission to HIV rapid test in childbirth care
This study aimed to analyze factors associated with submission to the rapid HIV test (outcome). This is a cross-sectional study conducted in 2009 in 15 hospitals from the Rio de Janeiro's Unified Health System (SUS) by interviewing a representative sample of 835 pregnant women hospitalized for birth and by verifying medical records. Adjusted prevalence ratios were obtained by Poisson regression according to a hierarchical model, and variables associated with the outcome (p ≤ 0.05) remained in the final model. According to medical records (MR), 79.6% of mothers were submitted to rapid HIV test and, according to interviews (INT), 55.7%. At the distal level, the lack of a partner (MR), having ≥ 6 residents at home (MR) and non-white skin color (INT) were associated with a higher prevalence of the outcome. At the intermediate level, not having a negative HIV serology from prenatal care (MR and INT) was associated with a higher prevalence of the outcome, as well as PHC prenatal care (MR) and lack of prenatal care (INT). At the proximal level, delivery in a hospital not certified as Baby-Friendly was associated with a higher prevalence of outcome (MR and INT).
OBJECTIVEs Even during pregnancy women may suffer from violence. We estimated the prevalence of physical abuse during pregnancy, we analyzed the main risk factors and described the relationship between physical violence, psychological wellbeing and pregnan...
Transitioning from pregnancy to parenthood is particularly challenging for women living with low income and experiencing social isolation, mental illness, addiction, and/or family violence. The purpose of this qualitative study was to evaluate one componen...
Obesity during pregnancy is associated with a 3.5-times increased future risk of type 2 diabetes in the child, according to UK researchers.
[The Conversation Africa] The international trafficking of children has received much attention in recent times. But, little attention has been paid to how it plays out and its unique dynamics in Nigeria.
Authors: Mahé I, Parent F, Sanchez O, pour le groupe de travail Recommandations de bonne pratique pour la prise en charge de la MVTE PMID: 31208886 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 19 June 2019Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Priyadarshini Kachroo, Rachel S. Kelly, Hooman Mirzakhani, Kathleen Lee-Sarwar, Bo L. Chawes, Kevin Blighe, Ganmaa Davaasambuu, Hans Bisgaard, Augusto A. Litonjua, Scott T. Weiss, Jessica Lasky-Su
It's suspected by researchers led by Edinburgh University, who analysed the data of 120,000 women, that high blood sugar levels 'programme' adverse health outcomes.
Publication date: Available online 18 June 2019Source: Veterinary MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Songbiao Chen, Bichen Miao, Huan Zhang, Yingli Xiong, Xiujuan Zhang, Ting Shao, Jia He, Qian Du, Yong Huang, Dewen TongAbstractPorcine parvovirus (PPV) is one of the major pathogens that bring about reproductive failure of pregnant sows. However, the study of the pathogenesis mechanism is circumscribed due to the lack of efficient genetic manipulation method. Infectious clone is a powerful tool for further studying the genetic mechanisms of PPV. In the present study, the gene fragment (158-4813) of PPV was amplified by PPV China isolat...
In conclusion, reproductive management practices using sociosexual approaches showed the highest efficacy for restoring reproductive activity in anestrous does.
Conclusions for practice Facebook posts revealed that young women often frame their thoughts and feelings regarding weight gain in pregnancy in the context of food cravings and body image and that friends and family are important influencers to these behaviors.