Oral health outcomes: the association of clinical and socio-dental indicators to evaluate dental caries in preschool children

This study aimed to evaluate the outcome of dental caries in children by associating clinical and socio-dental indicators. A cross-sectional study was carried out with 2 to 6-year-old children who attended public day care centers in a city in the Southeast Region of Brazil. After sample calculation, 446 children were randomly selected by eligibility criteria. Two professionals evaluated dental caries using WHO (2013) criteria and classified subjects according to early childhood caries (ECC) severity. Parents/care- givers answered a characterization questionnaire and self-reported socio-dental indicator (B-ECO-HIS). The prevalence of dental caries was 33.7%. The children with high severity of ECC had 5 times higher chance of suffering an impact on OHRQoL. The one way ANOVA test showed that the impact on OHRQoL (ECOHIS scores) was associated with ECC. The outcome dental caries in oral health presented high prevalence as clinical indicator and high impact on OHRQoL as socio dental indicator. Clinical and socio-dental indicators should be evaluated together.Resumo A c árie dentária é um problema de saúde pública com impacto na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal (QVRSB). Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a cárie dentária como desfecho em saúde bucal em pré-escolares, por meio da associação de indicadores clínicos e sociodentais que aval iam a QVRSB. Um estudo transversal...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

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ConclusionsFor the majority of European Countries, the EAPD recommends the appropriate use of fluoride toothpaste in conjunction with good oral hygiene to be the basic fluoride regimen.
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
This study confirms a need for further oral health education. Increasing oral health literacy levels in adult caregivers of young children may lead to an increase in oral health seeking behaviors and a decrease in preventable dental caries in the pediatric population. PMID: 31621429 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Community Health Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: J Community Health Nurs Source Type: research
Publication date: 2019Source: Materials Today: Proceedings, Volume 18, Part 3Author(s): Disha Khandare, Somnath MukherjeeAbstractFluoride pollution in water emerges a challenging problem to environmental researchers especially in regions where people depend on groundwater for drinking. Natural water bodies are experienced Fluoride impurities from geogenic and anthropogenic sources. Fluoride contamination in drinking water sources has been recognized as a major problem in many countries worldwide especially in several parts of India, China, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Tanzania, Argentina, East Africa, part of South Africa, Tur...
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
AbstractTooth loss is an important health dilemma. The aim of the present study was to perform a systematic review and meta ‐analysis of dental status and edentulism in the elderly residing in Iran. An electronic search of the literature was carried out on Farsi and English databases using the following keywords: edentulism, dental caries, elderly, oral and dental health, edentulous, geriatric, caries, dentate, Iran, a nd prevalence. Articles that met the eligibility criteria according to the STROBE (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies In Epidemiology) checklist were selected and entered into the meta‐...
Source: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research
By Sandee LaMotte, CNN (CNN) — Toxic heavy metals damaging to your baby’s brain development are likely in the baby food you are feeding your infant, according to a new investigation published Thursday. Tests of 168 baby foods from major manufacturers in the US found 95% contained lead, 73% contained arsenic, 75% contained cadmium and 32% contained mercury. One fourth of the foods contained all four heavy metals. One in five baby foods tested had over 10 times the 1-ppb limit of lead endorsed by public health advocates, although experts agree that no level of lead is safe. The results mimicked a previous&nb...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Consumer Featured Health News Syndicated CBSN Boston CNN Source Type: news
AbstractAimOral health literacy is emerging as an important element in oral health promotion, but few studies have been conducted in older adults. This work aimed to develop and validate the Test of Functional Health Literacy in Dentistry for Older Adults (OA ‐TOFHLiD).MethodsThe tool was developed by a researcher and then evaluated by experts for face validity. A convenience sample was conducted to recruit 105 older adults, aged more than 60  years in Chiang Mai, Thailand, in 2016. 2 existing health literacy tools and the newly developed test were administered and oral health statuses were examined by a dentist.Res...
Source: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
(CNN) — Americans spent $1.4 billion on the most popular brands of children’s fruit drinks and flavored waters last year. Yet according to nutritional guidelines, none of the drinks were healthy. Why would loving parents do this? Perhaps because US beverage companies spent $20.7 million to advertise fun, fruity drinks with added sugars to families in 2018, according to Children’s Drink Facts 2019, a new report from the University of Connecticut’s Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity. “I know that parents want their children to be healthy, but the sweetened drink market is just incredibly co...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News Syndicated CBSN Boston CNN juice Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: Dental caries was highly prevalent among this population and urgent action is required to reduce the population burden of this disease. Malnutrition, which was not measured for this study, is highly prevalent among children in Timor-Leste and could explain the high caries rates in this population. The effect of malnutrition on dental caries and vice-versa needs further investigation. Programs and policies are urgently needed for oral health promotion and also the prevention and management of dental caries in Timorese children. These strategies should also address the urgent need for emergency dental services ai...
Source: Rural and Remote Health - Category: Rural Health Tags: Rural Remote Health Source Type: research
Abstract Scardovia wiggsiae has recently been identified as a potential pathogen associated with dental caries. The aim of the present study was to detect and quantify S. wiggsiae from dental plaque samples of children suffering from severe early childhood caries and children who were caries free by employing a real time DNA polymerase chain reaction method. Dental plaque samples were collected from children suffering from severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) (n=30) and caries free children (CF) (n=30) reporting to the out-patient clinics of the department of paediatric and preventive dentistry. Plaque samples fr...
Source: Anaerobe - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Anaerobe Source Type: research
Oral diseases are pathologic conditions that affect oral and maxillofacial tissues. Dental caries and periodontal diseases are the most common forms of oral diseases, but there are a wide variety of diseases that can occur in oral and maxillofacial tissues. These oral diseases range from metabolic, inflammatory, infectious, neoplastic, autoimmune, developmental, to idiopathic origin. Numerous oral conditions have overlapping clinical signs and symptoms, which make the diagnosis and management challenging for the dentist. However, a comprehensive understanding of clinical behavior will help in differentiating the various or...
Source: Dental Clinics of North America - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
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