Subanalysis of Patients with Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia (sAML) with Refractory Anemia with Excess of Blasts in Transformation (RAEB-T) Enrolled in a Phase 3 Study of CPX-351 Versus Conventional 7  + 3 Cytarabine and Daunorubicin

CPX-351 is a dual-drug liposomal encapsulation of cytarabine (C) and daunorubicin (D) that delivers a synergistic 5:1 drug ratio and is FDA-approved for adults with newly diagnosed therapy-related AML or AML with MDS-related changes. In a randomized, phase 3 study (NCT01696084) in patients (pts) 60-75 y with newly diagnosed sAML, CPX-351 significantly improved overall survival (OS) and remission rates vs 7  + 3. RAEB-t AML, often defined as bone marrow blasts 20%-29%, shares many features with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research

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This study may open up new potential therapeutic avenues for the treatment of patients with chronic infection, inflammatory diseases, and cancer.DisclosuresNo relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 506. Hematopoiesis and Stem Cells: Microenvironment, Cell Adhesion, and Stromal Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusions. ISV is widely used in hematological pts with IFI also in diseases other than acute myeloid leukemia and it is overall well tolerated. ORR to ISV is at least comparable with other antifungal agents. A rec/ref underlying hematological disease impacts both on OS and response to ISV, while having an IFI refractory to other antifungal agents including azoles does not seem to compromise the response to ISV, although this promising result should be confirmed in prospective studies and larger groups of patients.DisclosuresBusca: Gilead: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Sp...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 203. Lymphocytes, Lymphocyte Activation, and Immunodeficiency, including HIV and Other Infections: Poster III Source Type: research
ConclusionOur first-in-human clinical trial demonstrates promising efficacy of cCAR therapy in treating patients with relapsed/ refractory AML. cCAR is able to eradicate leukemia blasts and leukemia stem cells, exerting a profound tumor killing effect that is superior to single target CAR T cell therapies. cCAR is also shown to induce total myeloid ablation in bone marrow, suggesting that it may act as a safer alternative to avoid the severe toxicities caused by standard bone marrow ablation regimens without sacrificing the anti-tumor efficacy. This strategy will likely benefit patients who are unable to tolerate total bod...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 616. Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Novel Therapy, excluding Transplantation: Immunotherapy Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study sheds lights on the understanding of the cooperative effect between epigenetic alterations and signaling pathways in accelerating the progression of myeloid malignancies and provides a rationale therapeutic strategy for the treatment of myeloid malignancies with ASXL1 and RAS pathway gene mutations.DisclosuresNo relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 602. Disordered Gene Expression in Hematologic Malignancy, including Disordered Epigenetic Regulation: Epigenetic Modification Source Type: research
Conclusions: Overall, lurbinectedin was safe and tolerated using the schedules and dose levels tested. While no sustained remissions were observed, single-agent lurbinectedin was transiently leukemia suppressive for some patients.DisclosuresRodríguez: PharmaMar: Employment. Ravandi: Bristol-Myers Squibb: Research Funding; Jazz: Honoraria; Abbvie: Research Funding; Seattle Genetics: Research Funding; Abbvie: Research Funding; Amgen: Honoraria, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Orsenix: Honoraria; Seattle Genetics: Research Funding; Astellas Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Honoraria; Sunesis: Honoraria; Orsenix: Honora...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 616. Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Novel Therapy, excluding Transplantation: Poster II Source Type: research
Conclusions: FT-2102 preclinical evaluations suggest a low risk of clinically significant CYP-mediated drug-drug interaction and QTc prolongation. SA FT-2102 is well tolerated in AML and MDS, with 150 mg BID selected as the RP2D based on safety, PK and PD (2-HG) response. Significant clinical activity has been observed in heavily pre-treated and in TN patients, both in AML and MDS. FT-2102 continues being investigated at a dose of 150 mg BID in a Phase 2 study. Three SA Phase 2 cohorts are currently open for enrollment in R/R AML, AML/MDS with CR/CRi (i.e., with MRD), and in pts with R/R MDS/AML with prior exposure to an I...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 616. Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Novel Therapy, excluding Transplantation: Poster I Source Type: research
Background:The prognosis for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients age>60 years is poor. Rapid pre-treatment identification of molecular disease subsets may allow specific targeting with novel agents, presenting an opportunity to improve outcomes. The Leukemia and Lymphoma Society (LLS)-sponsored Beat AML master trial was initiated for previously untreated AML patients ≥60 years, with treatment assignment to a sub-study (S1, S2, etc.) based upon cytogenetics and dominant clone by next generation sequencing; patients with multiple mutations are assigned a sub-study according to variant allele frequency and a predeterm...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 616. Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Novel Therapy, excluding Transplantation: Poster III Source Type: research
Conclusion: AZD2811 nanoparticle is safe and well tolerated at a dose up to 400 mg on Day 1 and 4 every 28-days. The monotherapy dose escalation is ongoing and updated results including preliminary efficacy data and supporting preclinical data will be presented. Additional dose finding and expansion cohorts of AZD2811 nanoparticle in combination with azacytidine and venetoclax are planned.DisclosuresAtallah: Novartis: Consultancy; Abbvie: Consultancy; BMS: Consultancy; Jazz: Consultancy; Pfizer: Consultancy. Charlton: AstraZeneca: Employment. MacDonald: AstraZeneca: Employment. Young: AstraZeneca: Employment. Sainsbury: As...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 616. Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Novel Therapy, excluding Transplantation: Poster III Source Type: research
In conclusion, a MAC regimen offers higher disease-free survival for those aged 18-54 years and can tolerate MAC regimens. For patients who are unable to tolerate MAC regimens, regardless of their age, TBI200 cGy/Cy/Flu is preferred to Flu/Mel ± TT to minimize NRM risks.DisclosuresShah: Juno Pharmaceuticals: Honoraria; Lentigen Technology: Research Funding; Exelexis: Equity Ownership; Geron: Equity Ownership; Miltenyi: Other: Travel funding, Research Funding; Oncosec: Equity Ownership. Brunstein: Gamidacell: Research Funding. Champlin: Otsuka: Research Funding; Sanofi: Research Funding. Hamadani: Celgene Corporation...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 721. Clinical Allogeneic Transplantation: Conditioning Regimens, Engraftment, and Acute Transplant Toxicities: Conditioning Intensity and Novel Approaches with Targeted therapy Source Type: research
Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a rare, but life-threatening complication. PTLD typically develops within 6-12 months of HSCT, which is before the reconstitution of EBV-specific cytotoxic T-cell immunity. Several risk factors for developing PTLD have been reported in the literature, including the use of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) and ex vivo T-cell depletion (TCD). However, only a few large-scale retrospective studies have been conducted and risk scores have not yet been well defined. Therefore, to further evaluate the probability of and risk...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 723. Clinical Allogeneic and Autologous Transplantation: Late Complications and Approaches to Disease Recurrence: HSCT Late Effects and Disease Monitoring Source Type: research
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