Impact of Xylitol on Oral Microbiome and Blood Stream Infections in HSCT Recipients

Background: Blood stream infections in patients with central venous catheters may arise from translocation of bacteria through a non-intact mucosa. These infections are known as mucosal barrier injury –laboratory confirmed blood stream infections (MBI-LCBI). Currently there are no proven strategies to prevent bacteremia secondary to mucosal barrier injury after hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). Xylitol is a non-fermentable sugar alcohol that reduces dental caries, plaque accumulation, and oral disease progression by inhibiting bacterial growth and reducing pathogenic community development.
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: ChemistryAuthor(s): Abdessalem Omri, Wiem Hamza, Mourad BenzinaAbstractA novel heterogeneous photo-Fenton catalyst, iron coated sand (Fe-sand) was synthesized by impregnation-calcination method. The catalyst Fe-sand was characterized by XRD, BET, SEM, TEM, FTIR, XRF and DRS methods. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis showed that the Fe-sand catalyst mainly consists of Fe2O3 and SiO2 crystallites, and the Fe concentration of the prepared catalyst measured by AAS is 135.7 mg/g. BET results revealed that Fe-sand posse...
Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: Catalysis TodayAuthor(s): Nafeezuddin Mohammad, Richard Y. Abrokwah, Robert G. Stevens-Boyd, Shyam Aravamudhan, Debasish KuilaAbstractFischer-Tropsch (FT) synthesis was carried out using 3D-printed stainless steel (SS) microreactors, containing channels of dimensions 500 μm × 500 μm ×2.7 cm, to study the effect of Fe, Ru, and Ni on Co-MCM-41 catalyst. The mono and bimetallic cobalt-based catalysts: 15% Co-MCM-41, 10%Co5% Ru MCM-41, 10%Co 5%Ni MCM-41, and 10%Co 5%Fe MCM-41 were synthesized using one-pot hydrotherm...
Source: Catalysis Today - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
In this study, the anti-aging... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: Age group, sex, household per capita income, and body mass index status were associated with SSB intake.RESUMO: Introdu ção: A ingestão de bebidas açucaradas varia de acordo com as características da população. Objetivos: Investigar o consumo de bebidas açucaradas e os fatores demográficos, socioeconômicos e de estilo de vida associados ao seu consumo em adolescentes, adultos e idosos residentes em São Paulo. Métodos: Foram utilizados dados do Inquérito de Saúde de São Paulo, estudo transversal de base popula...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
ConclusionCaffeine is an effective countermeasure to driver sleepiness, however, high caffeine consumers do not exhibit any benefit to driving safety indicators. In fact, there is some evidence for safety concern because high caffeine consumers self-report more crashes and worse driving safety indicators than low caffeine consumers. High caffeine consumption was associated with poor health behaviours. Further research is needed to fully understand the implications of high caffeine use. Interventions aiming to reduce truck driver sleepiness should be cautious in promotion of caffeine in isolation; a wholistic approach to im...
Source: Safety Science - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Tomotaka Yamazaki, Hiroyuki Shirai, Jun Yashima, Tamotsu TojimbaraAbstractThe patient was a 41-year-old male who had been maintained on extended-hours hemodialysis for 297 months. Despite of long-term hemodialysis vintage, he had no vascular calcification and ectopic calcification. His kidney graft did not experience rejection or other complications 18 months after the cadaveric kidney transplant. Previous reports indicated that graft survival of extended-hours hemodialysis patients did not differ from conventional hemodialysis. Howev...
Source: Urology Case Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Increasing numbers of deaths on the transplant waiting list is associated with an expanding supply-demand deficit in transplantable organs. There is consequent interest in reviewing both donor eligibility after death from traumatic brain...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Young adults consume most of their alcohol by binge drinking, and more than one-third report binge drinking in the past month. Some will transition out of excessive drinking, while others will maintain or increase alcohol use into adulthood. Public health ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
ISSUES: Event-level alcohol research can inform prevention efforts by determining whether drinking contexts-such as people or places-are associated with harmful outcomes. This review synthesises evidence on associations between characteristics of adults' d...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Young Adults Source Type: news
Introduction: Gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB) has gained substantial popularity as an illicit recreational drug. The current study aimed to: (1) determine the characteristics and circumstances of death of all recorded cases of GHB-related death in Austr...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
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