Gallbladder stones and gallbladder polyps associated with increased risk of colorectal adenoma in men

ConclusionsBoth gallbladder polyps and gallbladder stones were associated with an increased risk of colorectal adenomas in men but not in women. Gender difference was significant for the association between gallbladder lesions and colorectal polyps.
Source: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Gastroenterology Source Type: research

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In this study we explored the use of a natural compound rubusoside (RUB) as a solubilizer to enhance the solubility of a fluorescence-labeled C6-Ceramide (NBD C6-Ceramide) and to characterize its pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution in an animal model. RUB significantly enhanced the solubility of NBD C6-Ceramide by forming nanomicelles, and efficiently delivered NBD C6-Ceramide in rats by oral and intravenous administration. RUB loaded 1.96% of NBD C6-Ceramide in the nanomicelles and solubilized it to a concentration of 3.6 mg/mL in water. NBD C6-Ceramide in nanomicelles remained stable in aqueous solutions, all...
Source: Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators - Category: Lipidology Source Type: research
Authors: McAlpine K, Breau RH PMID: 31818928 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: CMAJ Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Journal of Food Composition and AnalysisAuthor(s): Afsaneh Mohajer, Abbas Norouzian Baghani, Parisa Sadighara, Kiandokht Ghanati, Shahrokh NazmaraAbstractIn this current study, the contents of heavy metals including Pb, As, Cr, Cd, Zn, Cu, and Mn in imported rice bran oil in Iran were investigated with microwave digestion method based on an inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry system (ICP-OES). The concentrations range of Pb, Cr, Cd, As, Zn, and Cu in rice bran oil samples were measured as 0.066 - 0.30, 0.008 - 0.014, 0.005 - 0.01, 0.047- 0.01, ...
Source: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: EDS-FLU 372 µg BID in the treatment of CRS with or without polyps was safe, well-tolerated, and produced substantial improvement across a broad range of both objective and subjective measures. PMID: 31815255 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Rhinology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Rhinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Small Ruminant ResearchAuthor(s): J. Reintke, K. Brügemann, H. Wagner, P. Engel, A. Wehrend, S. KönigAbstractThere is an increasing economic pressure in sheep production. Hence, it is imperative to use all available tools contributing to improvements in lamb survival. In this regard, there is a lack of studies addressing the impact of maternal body condition traits on lamb performances during lactation. Specifically, the focus of the present study was to analyse associations between ewe traits reflecting maternal energy metabolism and lamb body weight (LB...
Source: Small Ruminant Research - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Authors: Hill BG, Shiva S, Ballinger S, Zhang J, Darley-Usmar VM Abstract It is now becoming clear that human metabolism is extremely plastic and varies substantially between healthy individuals. Understanding the biochemistry that underlies this physiology will enable personalized clinical interventions related to metabolism. Mitochondrial quality control and the detailed mechanisms of mitochondrial energy generation are central to understanding susceptibility to pathologies associated with aging including cancer, cardiac and neurodegenerative diseases. A precision medicine approach is also needed to evaluate the ...
Source: Biological Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Tags: Biol Chem Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Artificial Intelligence in MedicineAuthor(s): Sarah Ali Abdelaziz Ismael, Ammar Mohammed, Hesham HefnyAbstractCancer is the second leading cause of death after cardiovascular diseases. Out of all types of cancer, brain cancer has the lowest survival rate. Brain tumors can have different types depending on their shape, texture, and location. Proper diagnosis of the tumor type enables the doctor to make the correct treatment choice and help save the patient's life. There is a high need in the Artificial Intelligence field for a Computer Assisted Diagnosis (CAD) syste...
Source: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine - Category: Bioinformatics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Radiation Physics and ChemistryAuthor(s): Vimal Kishore, Lalit Kumar, Manindra Bhushan, Girigesh YadavAbstractTo fabricate a cost effective low density heterogeneous phantom with the combination of racemosa wood and Poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) for dose verification in the high energy photon beam. The use of solid tissue equivalent material for dose verification is a well accepted and common practice for dosimetric studies. The measured Hounsfield units (HU), relative electron density, mass density were −776.6 ± 72.4, 0.223 ± 0.072, ...
Source: Radiation Physics and Chemistry - Category: Physics Source Type: research
Neutrophils, as "Trojan horses", participate in the delivery of therapeutical PLGA nanoparticles into a tumor based on the chemotactic effect. Drug Deliv. 2020 Dec;27(1):1-14 Authors: Hao J, Chen J, Wang M, Zhao J, Wang J, Wang X, Li Y, Tang H Abstract Inspired by the fact that leukocytes have innate phagocytic functions and oriented migration capabilities in response to chemoattractants, we have unveiled that endogenous neutrophils as "Trojan horses", participate in the delivery of nanoparticles in an "in vivo self-armed assembly" manner. Neutrophils were the main populat...
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
Authors: Chaaben Arij B, Nesrine O, Hayet D, Fayza A, Hajer A, Tesnim M, Latifa H, Cathy F, Wahid B, Rajagopal K, Dominique C, Sonia G, Fethi G, Ryad T Abstract The MHC class I chain-related molecule A (MICA) is a ligand for the activating natural killer (NK) cell receptor NKG2D. A part from its genetic diversity, MICA is characterized by the presence of membrane-bound and soluble isoform (sMICA) and by the propensity to elicit antibody-mediated allogeneicity (MICA Abs). Altogether such properties are important in the cancer setting. Here, we investigated whether MICA polymorphism, serum level of sMICA and MICA ant...
Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research
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