Machine learning techniques generate clinical labels of medical scans

(The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine) Researchers used machine learning techniques, including natural language processing algorithms, to identify clinical concepts in radiologist reports for CT scans.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Conclusion Binimetinib was well tolerated and showed promising evidence of activity in patients with BTC. Correlative studies suggested the potential for binimetinib to promote muscle gain in patients with BTC.
Source: Investigational New Drugs - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionsAccidental placement of CVC s into the PA is a rare complication. The catheter should be removed. Patients should be urgently transferred to a center with access to interventional radiology and cardiothoracic surgery.
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 November 2018Source: Academic RadiologyAuthor(s): Kenny H. Cha, Lubomir M. Hadjiiski, PhD, Richard H. Cohan, MD, Heang-Ping Chan, PhD, Elaine M. Caoili, MD, Matthew Davenport, MD, Ravi K. Samala, PhD, Alon Z. Weizer, MD, Ajjai Alva, MD, Galina Kirova-Nedyalkova, MD, PhD, Kimberly Shampain, MD, Nathaniel Meyer, MD, Daniel Barkmeier, MD, PhD, Sean Woolen, MD, Prasad R. Shankar, MD, Isaac R. Francis, MD, Phillip Palmbos, MDRationale and ObjectivesTo evaluate whether a computed tomography (CT)-based computerized decision-support system for muscle-invasive bladder cancer treatment response ...
Source: Academic Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
We report a case of a 41-year-old woman with a remote history of resected flank melanoma, who presented with heart failure progressing to cardiogenic shock and death. Despite extensive workup including chest computed tomography, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, and endomyocardial biopsy, the etiology of her heart failure was not diagnosed until autopsy revealed metastatic amelanotic melanoma. In patients with unexplained heart failure and a history of melanoma, imaging studies including fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography should be included in the workup to guide early diagnosis and treatment.
Source: Journal of Cardiology Cases - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
We describe the screw accuracy, complications, and learning curve associated with CBT use. A prospective cohort study was performed involving 22 patients who underwent lumbar fusion with CBT screw placement. A total of 100 cortical screws were placed. Post-operative CT scans were reviewed to assess the adequacy of screw placement and calculate the incidence of vertebral body and pedicle breaches from cortical screw placement. Technique-related complications were examined. The entire surgical cohort was divided into two groups: early experience (first 11 patients) and late experience (last 11 patients), to study the effect ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 November 2018Source: MicronAuthor(s): Rodrigo Gomila, Gloria Arancibia, Domingo Mery, Mathias Nehler, Rolf Bracke, Diego MorataAbstractFault zone permeability and the real 3D-spatial distribution of the fault-related fracture networks are critical in the assessment of fault zones behavior for fluids. The study of the real 3D-spatial distribution of the microfracture network, using X-ray micro-computed tomography, is a crucial factor to unravel the real structural permeability conditions of a fault-zone. Despite the availability of several commercial software for rock properties estimat...
Source: Micron - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Authors: Arepen SAM, Mohamad H, Nik Hassan NFH Abstract Acquired cervical aerocele in adults is a rare condition and its delay development after tracheostomy decannulation is reported rarely. Our patient presented eight years after tracheostomy decannulation with a compressible anterior neck mass that only appeared when she coughed and could be deflated using manual compression. The mass was situated suprasternal at the previous tracheostomy scar. Computed tomography scan showed a paratracheal air sac without significant defect at the tracheal wall. Surgical intervention is the best treatment for symptomatic patien...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The semi-quantitative analysis of 18F-FDG PET/CT has an important role in MPM therapy response assessment and has a predictive role in distinguishing responders and non-responders. PMID: 30411729 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Hell J Nucl Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Body mass index had a significant impact on 18F-FDG and 18F-NaF uptake, whereas age had no correlation with either tracer uptake. Obesity increases the mechanical forces applied on weight-bearing joints such as the hip. Body mass index was related to increased joint inflammation and bone degeneration. These findings further support the studies explaining the role of adipose tissue in promoting OA. PMID: 30411728 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Hell J Nucl Med Source Type: research
This study was part of the cardiovascular molecular calcification assessed by 18F-sodium fluoride (NaF) (CAMONA) PET/computed tomography (CT) study. This study was approved by the Danish National Committee on Health Research Ethics registered at (NCT01724749). Forty normal healthy subjects were prospectively recruited in group A (22-32 years) and B (56-75 years) and underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT. Static images were obtained 180 minutes following 18F-FDG injection. Supratentorial (including individual measurements for frontal, parieto-occipital and temporal lobes) and cerebellar 18F-FDG uptakes were measured b...
Source: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Hell J Nucl Med Source Type: research
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