Machine learning techniques generate clinical labels of medical scans

(The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine) Researchers used machine learning techniques, including natural language processing algorithms, to identify clinical concepts in radiologist reports for CT scans.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Conclusions: Proper clinical conditions, for scheduling a postextraction immediate implant placement surgery, involve the presence of 4 bone walls showing and sufficient height and width. The accurate knowledge of alveolus bone morphology of mandibular molars, prior extraction, could be an important guide to avoid potential failures due to nonideal anatomical features to fixture stabilization.
Source: Implant Dentistry - Category: Dentistry Tags: Basic and Clinical Research Source Type: research
This study is the first to demonstrate the feasibility of producing high quality microcapsules from labile flavor complexes by spray-chilling. The use of generally recognized as safe (GRAS) substances, including 2AP and ZnCl2, may allow for widespread commercial use of 2AP as a flavor ingredient.
Source: Food Chemistry - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: 20 September 2018 Source:Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Volume 553 Author(s): Zhengqiang Deng, Jiang Guancheng, Yang Lili, He Yinbo, Ni Xiaoxiao Gel sealants are often used to recover lost circulation, a problem that plagues drilling engineers throughout many oil and gas development project. Organic cross-linked polymer gel such as cross-linked polyacrylamide gel is one of the most popular and available gel sealant materials. It is of strong sealing ability, but the gelation time is too short to control and ensure safe drilling operation. Initiator used to supply free r...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Using FBP, comparable IAC measurements were achieved with 91% reduction in dose compared with a standard exposure protocol. The use of ASIR and MBIR did not improve identification of the IAC in MDCT low dose images. PMID: 29791199 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Dentomaxillofacial Radiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Dentomaxillofac Radiol Source Type: research
Iodinated contrast agents administered during computed tomography (CT) studies have the potential to cause post-contrast acute kidney injury (AKI). Prior to CT scans, in certain populations, assessment of the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is required to identify patients at risk for adverse events after contrast administration.
Source: Journal of Radiology Nursing - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: ARIN Poster Abstracts Source Type: research
Authors: Schmidt W, LiArno S, Khlopas A, Petersik A, Mont MA Abstract Due to the differences in bone morphology between demographics such as age, gender, body mass index, and ethnicity, the development of orthopaedic implants requires a large number of anatomical data from various patient populations. In an effort to assess these demographic variations, Stryker Orthopaedic Modeling and Analytics (SOMA) has been developed. SOMA is a suite of tools which utilizes a comprehensive database of computed tomography scans (CT-scans), plus associated three-dimensional (3D) bone models, allowing the user to assess population...
Source: Surgical Technology International - Category: Surgery Tags: Surg Technol Int Source Type: research
Abstract Bochdalek hernia (BH) is defined as herniated abdominal contents appearing throughout the posterolateral segment of the diaphragm. It is usually observed during the prenatal or newborn period. Here, we report a case of an adult patient with herniated omentum and colon due to BH that was discovered during a colonoscopy. A 41-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with severe left chest and abdominal pain that began during a colonoscopy. Her chest radiography showed colonic shadow filling in the lower half of the left thoracic cavity. A computed tomography scan revealed an approximately 6-cm-sized left...
Source: Korean J Gastroenter... - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Korean J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
The aim of this systematic review is to investigate diagnostic accuracy of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans using liver specific tissue contrast media over contrast enhanced Multi Detector CT (MDCT) in diagnoses of Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) in patients with chronic liver disease.
Source: Radiography - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Review article Source Type: research
A 14-year-old boy presented with intermittent hematochezia for 2 weeks. He reported a similar episode of hematochezia 1 year ago that was regarded as colitis. His medical history was unremarkable. Physical examination showed a nontender, soft, palpable mass at  the upper right quadrant of the abdomen. His hemoglobin level was 7.3 g/dL (normal range, 13.0–16.0 g/dL). A computed tomography scan of his abdomen showed asymmetric segmental wall thickening with scattered punctuate calcification (Figure A, white arrow) and heterogeneous enhancement from the m idtransverse colon to the hepatic flexure (Figure A, black arrow).
Source: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Image of the Month Source Type: research
Conclusion Binimetinib may present a new treatment option for hormone- and chemotherapy-resistant LGSOC harboring KRAS mutations.
Source: Gynecologic Oncology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
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