AI, radiomics help distinguish lung nodules on CT scans

The combination of artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms and radiomics can...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Quantitative analysis may help classify thyroid nodules Machine learning can help predict KRAS mutation status Deep-learning algorithm can stratify lung nodule risk MRI, radiomics help diagnose, discern ADHD subtypes How will AI affect radiology over the next 20 years?
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

Related Links:

ConclusionsOur report is the first comprehensive study on the expression profiling of miRNAs in serum of ADHD subjects. These findings suggest a set of cmiRNAs as potential noninvasive biomarkers for ADHD.
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
In this study, we used functional connectivity analyses to investigate whether fMRI-Neurofeedback of rIFC resulted in dynamic functional connectivity changes in underlying neural networks.Whole-brain seed-based functional connectivity analyses were conducted using the two clusters showing progressively increased activation in rIFC as seed regions to test for changes in functional connectivity before and after 11 fMRI-Neurofeedback runs. Furthermore, we tested whether the resulting functional connectivity changes were associated with clinical symptom improvements and whether they were specific to fMRI-Neurofeedback of rIFC ...
Source: NeuroImage - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Social cognition is an important area of impairment in SLD and there is a strong relationship between clinical symptoms and impaired functionality. PMID: 30518170 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychiatry Investigation - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry Investig Source Type: research
Authors: Kim KM, Ha M, Lim MH, Kwon HJ, Yoo SJ, Kim E, Paik KC Abstract OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate symptom trajectory of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in Korean school-age children. METHODS: Four hundred fifty six elementary school children were enrolled when they were in 1st grade and assessed once per year until 4th grade. Symptom severity was assessed by parents using the Korean version of the ADHD rating scale (K-ARS). High-risk was defined as a K-ARS score>18; 377, 325, and 284 children participated in the subsequent assessments. Symptom trajectory was analyzed using a mixed-mo...
Source: Psychiatry Investigation - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry Investig Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated whether the powdered diet feeding causes changes in anxiety-related behavior. Mice fed a powdered diet for 17 weeks from weaning were compared with mice fed a standard diet (control). The percentage (%) of open arm time and total number of arm entries were increased in powdered diet-fed mice in the EPM test. We also examined the effects of diazepam, benzodiazepine anti-anxiety drug, bicuculline, GABA-A receptor antagonist, methylphenidate, dopamine transporter (DAT) and noradrenaline transporter (NAT) inhibitor, atomoxetine, selective NAT inhibitor, GBR12909, selective DAT inhibitor, and PD16...
Source: Neurochemistry International - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
In this study, we employ Designer Receptor Exclusively Activated by Designer Drugs (DREADDs) together with the mouse 5-Choice Serial Reaction Time Task (5-CSRTT) to investigate the necessary roles of these catecholamines in ADHD-related behaviors, including attention, impulsivity, and motivation. By selective inhibition of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-positive VTA dopamine neurons expressing the Gi-coupled DREADD (hM4Di), we observed a marked impairment of effort-based motivation and subsequently speed and overall vigor of responding. At the highest clozapine N-oxide (CNO) dose tested (i.e. 2 mg/kg) to activate hM4Di, we de...
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Sometimes you can do everything right and still get it all wrong.It seems the only thing I can count on reliably is myADHD tendency to embarrass myself. It’s even more reliable than death and taxes. I make plans. I execute them. Then they execute me.My regular hairstylist is out on maternity leave, so I’ve been seeing a colleague of hers. She does a good job, and I am intensely thankful to get a professional cut on my schedule at the same location. She’s a nice girl and very courteous, too, which makes me want to return the favor by being on time.You can probably guess where this is going.Between ADHD, To...
Source: The Splintered Mind by Douglas Cootey - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ADHD Depression Goodreads Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsLiving in non-traditional families in which one or both parents were absent, and being the firstborn increased risk of aggression in school-aged boys with ADHD. Identification of this high-risk population and development of adequate preventive strategies are warranted.
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Atopic eczema (AE) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease with key symptoms such as eczematous and inflammatory eruptions of the skin and intense pruritus (Brown, 2016; Lawton, 2014). AE typically manifests in early infancy (with an onset before the age of 5 in 90% of the patients) and represents one of the most common chronic childhood disorders (Weidinger and Novak, 2016). Notably, about 50% of all individuals with AE have specific allergic sensitization indicating that atopy is not a necessary feature of AE (Flohr et al., 2004).
Source: Psychoneuroendocrinology - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
This article discusses the risk of ‘false positive’ results or post-analytical misinterpretations of results when immunoassays are used to analyse biological samples from ADHD patients. A rapid evidence review was conducted to identify studies that have focused on the risk of ‘false positive’ test results in immunoassay testing of patients treated with atomoxetine, bupropion, clonidine, guanfacine, methylphenidate, and modafinil. There is only evidence to suggest that bupropion should cause ‘false positive’ immunoassay results. However, there is a lack of systematic, updated evaluations ...
Source: ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
More News: ADHD | CT Scan | Learning | Lung Transplant | PET Scan | Radiology | Thyroid | Universities & Medical Training