Your questions about rabies: answered

You’ve probably already seen the news: A 6 year old boy in Florida has died of rabies. He had handled a sick bat (some reports said he was trying to rescue the critter), and that was enough contact to transmit the virus. Once symptoms begin, rabies in almost always fatal — so the only way to prevent this from happening again is to avoid contact, and get rabies prophylaxis (a series of injections) if there’s an exposure. Is rabies common? Yes — in a way. In the U.S. there are only a handful of human cases a year (43 cases from 2000 through 2013, the most recent statistics I could find.) But there are an estimated 60,000 deaths a year worldwide. So, travelers, be especially wary of animal exposures overseas. In fact, if you’re traveling to the developing world to an area with likely animal exposures and no access to medical care, it may be wise to get rabies immunizations beforehand. How can people catch rabies? It’s a zoonotic infection, meaning we catch it from animals. Only the saliva transmits rabies virus, so most infections come from bites (or sometimes scratches, since animals aren’t always so keen on washing their hands with soap and water). Continue reading ... Your patients are rating you online: How to respond. Manage your online reputation: A social media guide. Find out how.
Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Conditions Infectious Disease Pediatrics Source Type: blogs

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g Sun Gao Yang Zhao Xia Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV), which causes Rift Valley fever (RVF), is a mosquito-borne zoonotic pathogen that causes serious morbidity and mortality in livestock and humans. RVF is a World Health Organization (WHO) priority disease and, together with rabies, is a major health burden in Africa. Here, we present the development and characterization of an inactivated recombinant RVFV and rabies virus (RABV) vaccine candidate (rSRV9-eGn). Immunization with rSRV9-eGn stimulated the production of RVFV-specific IgG antibodies and induced humoral and cellular immunity in mice but did n...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, Ahead of Print.
Source: Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 2816: Ecological and Epidemiological Findings Associated with Zoonotic Rabies Outbreaks and Control in Moshi, Tanzania, 2017–2018 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph16162816 Authors: Niwael Mtui-Malamsha Raphael Sallu Gladys R. Mahiti Hussein Mohamed Moses OleNeselle Bachana Rubegwa Emmanuel S. Swai Selemani Makungu Edward G. Otieno Athuman M. Lupindu Erick Komba Robinson Mdegela Justine A. Assenga Jubilate Bernard Walter Marandu James Warioba Zacharia Makondo Jelly Chang’a Furaha Mramba Hezron Non...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This study evaluated the utility of a lateral flow immunochromatographic assay (LFA) (Anigen Rapid Rabies Ag Test Kit, Bionote, Hwaseong-si, Korea) for rapid post mortem diagnosis of rabies in dogs. Brain tissue was collected from 202 animals that were screened through the Government of Goa rabies surveillance system. The brain tissue samples were obtained from 188 dogs, nine cats, three bovines, one jackal and one monkey. In addition, 10 dogs that died due to trauma from road accidents were included as negative controls for the study. The diagnostic performance of LFA was evaluated using results from direct fluorescence a...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
by Jared K. Wilson-Aggarwal, Laura Ozella, Michele Tizzoni, Ciro Cattuto, George J. F. Swan, Tchonfienet Moundai, Matthew J. Silk, James A. Zingeser, Robbie A. McDonald Contact patterns strongly influence the dynamics of disease transmission in both human and non-human animal populations. Domestic dogsCanis familiaris are a social species and are a reservoir for several zoonotic infections, yet few studies have empirically determined contact patterns within dog populations. Using high-resolution proximity logging technology, we characterised the contact networks of free-ranging domestic dogs from two settlements (n = 108 ...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Rabies is one of the world's major zoonoses. Controlling rabies continues to pose a major public health challenge. The issues surrounding dog bites and the vaccination of dogs against rabies are important to consider in implementing programmes to control t...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Chandrakant M Bokade, Vishal S Gajimwar, Rajkumar M Meshram, Swapnil B WathoreAnnals of Indian Academy of Neurology 2019 22(3):319-321 Rabies is a fatal zoonotic disease transmitted primarily by dogs, cats, and bats, which accounts for approximately 59,000 deaths globally per year. An 8-year-old boy from rural central India developed an atypical presentation of rabies following a street dog bite in spite of receiving postexposure prophylaxis and proper care of Category III wounds. A diagnosis of rabies was made on the basis of clinical background, neuroimaging finding, excess antibody titer, detection of rabies viral anti...
Source: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
We examined the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of veterinarians regarding zoonotic disease reporting to public health agencies and associated infection prevention (IP) practices such as personal protective equipment (PPE) use, and the need for targeted education and outreach for veterinarians in Arizona. An online questionnaire was developed and distributed by email in September 2015 and was available through November 2015 to all 1,100 members of the Arizona Veterinary Medical Association. Chi-square and logistic regression analyses were performed. In total, 298 (27%) veterinarians from all 15 Arizona counties complet...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Yíngyún Caì1†, Shuǐqìng Yú1†, Rohit K. Jangra2, Elena N. Postnikova1, Jiro Wada1, Robert B. Tesh3, Sean P. J. Whelan4, Michael Lauck5, Michael R. Wiley6, Courtney L. Finch1, Sheli R. Radoshitzky6, David H. O’Connor5, Gustavo Palacios6, Kartik Chandran2, Charles Y. Chiu7 and Jens H. Kuhn1* 1Integrated Research Facility at Fort Detrick, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Frederick, MD, United States 2Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, United States 3Depart...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
by Emmanuel H. Hikufe, Conrad M. Freuling, Rauna Athingo, Albertina Shilongo, Emmy-Else Ndevaetela, Maria Helao, Mathews Shiindi, Rainer Hassel, Alec Bishi, Siegfried Khaiseb, Juliet Kabajani, Jolandie van der Westhuizen, Gregorio Torres, Andrea Britton, Moetapele Letshwenyo, Karin Schwabenbauer, Thomas C. Mettenleiter, Nicolai Denzin, Susanne Amler, Franz J. Conraths, Thomas M üller, Adrianatus Maseke Rabies is a fatal zoonotic disease that causes a heavy burden on societies. Namibia, a country in southern Africa, is aiming at controlling the disease in its main reservoir, the domestic dog. To facilitate the impleme...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
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