Ayahuasca: Psychological And Physiologic Effects, Pharmacology And Potential Uses In Addiction And Mental Illness.

CONCLUSION: Many years of shamanic wisdom have indicated potential therapeutic uses for ayahuasca, and many present day studies suggest that it may be useful for treating various psychiatric disorders and addictions. The side effect profile appears to be relatively mild, but more detailed studies need to be done. Several prominent researchers feel that government regulations with regard to ayahuasca should be relaxed so that it could be provided more readily to recognized credible researchers to conduct comprehensive clinical trials. PMID: 29366418 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Neuropharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Neuropharmacol Source Type: research

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Authors: Resch F, Sevecke K Abstract Identity - An Illusion? Self Development in Adolescence With support from their social environment, five out of six young people progress through adolescent development relatively well, while approximately 15 % are at risk of developing psychological problems (Kaess, Ghinea, Fischer-Waldschmidt, Resch, 2017). Those who cannot cope with the challenges of society and who do not have a safe space in the family or among friends to deal with worries and adjustment issues may attempt to stabilize their identity and self-esteem through risk-taking behavior (Kaess et al., 2017). Addicti...
Source: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie - Category: Child Development Tags: Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr Source Type: research
This study aims to analyze virtual self-discrepancy (VSD), avatar identification, and gaming addiction in Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Games (MMORPGs). Two studies were conducted to test the relations between VSDs (i.e., idealized vs utopian avatar), avatar identification, and gaming addiction. In the cross-sectional survey (Study 1; 770 MMORPGs players) we assumed that higher MMORPG addiction was directly predicted by the construction of an idealized avatar (vs. utopian avatar) and by the avatar identification, which also mediated the relationship between the VSDs and gaming addiction. In the 2 × 2 ...
Source: Computers in Human Behavior - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
It has been known for centuries that opioids are highly addictive when consumed for prolonged periods of time. Pharmacologic tolerance to the efficacy of opioid analgesic results in a need for increased dosing and drug dependence. One must question the empirical sources of evidence that justified the belief that prescription opioids were safe and effective for treating acute and chronic pain. Progress in developing and applying evidence-based analgesic therapies for acute inflammatory pain is presented.
Source: Dental Clinics of North America - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
Body contouring procedure is a catchall that includes mastopexy, abdominoplasty, liposuction, and lower body lift. It is well known that optimal postoperative pain control decreases hospitalization length of stay and promotes early ambulation, which in turn decreases the incidence of complications. There have been many innovations in pain control beyond opiate medications, including prolonged administration of local anesthesia, regional blocks, and the use of a multimodal regimen which utilizes nonopiates. All approaches aim to decrease oral or intravenous opiate use and, therefore, encourage faster return to normal bowel ...
Source: Clinics in Plastic Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Reasons for abstaining from marijuana have predictive utility in relation to later use, but these associations differ between those with and without prior marijuana use. Understanding the underlying reasons for stopping marijuana use or maintaining abstinence may inform youth substance use prevention and intervention programs. PMID: 30422790 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research
Authors: Babor TF, Bauer L, Carroll K, Hesselbrock V, Tennen HA PMID: 30422776 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research
AbstractResearch concerning psychiatric issues relating to opioid drugs currently focuses primarily on their role in reinforcing addictive behaviors, given the recent proliferation of lethal abuse of illicit opiates in the United States and around the world. In contrast, this article will review the mechanism of action of opioids in affective disorders and the available evidence and potential for their use, especially in the treatment of resistant major depression. Buprenorphine is the opioid derivative of special interest; we review this and other opioid derivatives, highlighting the growing role of opioids in treating de...
Source: CNS Drugs - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: 13 November 2018Source: Cell Reports, Volume 25, Issue 7Author(s): Tim D.D. Somerville, Yali Xu, Koji Miyabayashi, Hervé Tiriac, Cristian R. Cleary, Diogo Maia-Silva, Joseph P. Milazzo, David A. Tuveson, Christopher R. VakocSummaryThe aberrant expression of squamous lineage markers in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) has been correlated with poor clinical outcomes. However, the functional role of this putative transdifferentiation event in PDA pathogenesis remains unclear. Here, we show that expression of the transcription factor TP63 (ΔNp63) is sufficient to install and sustain the enh...
Source: Cell Reports - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Exercise makes drug addicts less susceptible to succumbing to the cues that trigger a relapse, a new study suggests.
Source: Health News - UPI.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
After the birth of her son, doctors sent Nicole home with a bottle of Percocet.
Source: ABC News: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news
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