Ayahuasca: Psychological And Physiologic Effects, Pharmacology And Potential Uses In Addiction And Mental Illness.

CONCLUSION: Many years of shamanic wisdom have indicated potential therapeutic uses for ayahuasca, and many present day studies suggest that it may be useful for treating various psychiatric disorders and addictions. The side effect profile appears to be relatively mild, but more detailed studies need to be done. Several prominent researchers feel that government regulations with regard to ayahuasca should be relaxed so that it could be provided more readily to recognized credible researchers to conduct comprehensive clinical trials. PMID: 29366418 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Neuropharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Neuropharmacol Source Type: research

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BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate whether frequent drinking, use of drugs with addiction potential and the possible combination of frequent drinking and use of prescribed drugs with addiction potential were associated with all-cause mort...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news
Background: Tanning addiction is a dermatologic-psychiatric disorder with a defined ultraviolet radiation-dependent mechanism and carcinogenic sequelae. Although twin studies show contributions of both environmental and genetic factors for various addictions, no research exists regarding the heritability of tanning addiction. Our objective was to estimate concordance rates and heritability of tanning addiction in a twin cohort. Methods: The validated tanning-modified Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV-TR) scale was used to evaluate tanning addiction in twins at the largest annual twi...
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 April 2019Source: Neuroscience LettersAuthor(s): Hye Jin Cha, Jin Mook Kim, Young-Hsoon Kim, Soo Kyung SuhAbstractDesoxypipradrol (2-DPMP), a new psychoactive substance (NPS), acts as a norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake inhibitor (NDRI). NDRIs can be addictive due to their action mechanisms similar to cocaine and methamphetamine. However, there is a lack of scientific information regarding the exact dependency of 2-DPMP. Thus, the purpose of this study was to evaluate rewarding and reinforcing effects of 2-DPMP in rodents. The effective dose range of 2-DPMP was determined by climbing be...
Source: Neuroscience Letters - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) on Thursday announced an ambitious new study that’s meant to reduce opioid-related deaths by 40% in communities that have been hardest-hit by the ongoing epidemic. The NIH awarded grants to four research sites — the University of Kentucky, Boston Medical Center, Columbia University and Ohio State University — through the three-year, $350 million project, called the HEALing Communities Study. Each site will test the effectiveness of various strategies for combating and preventing opioid addiction in at least 15 communities in those states that are struggling with wid...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized onetime public health Research Source Type: news
Laura Uselding, MDE-cigarettes are the MOST COMMON tobacco product used by adolescents. According tothe 2018 Monitoring the Future (MTF) survey conducted by the University of Michigan, the prevalence of vaping increased by approximately 1.3 million teens from 2017 to 2018. It found that 37% of 12th graders and 10% of 8th graders reported using e-cigarettes in the last 12 months.  The use of e-cigarettes is likely putting a new generation of teens at risk of nicotine dependence. Here are some important things to know about e-cigarettes: E-cigarettes are electronic devices that heat a liquid containi...
Source: Pediatric Health Associates - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: news
When it comes to staying healthy, most people have the same motivation: living as long and fulfilling a life as possible. And while science has yet to find a true fountain of youth, researchers have identified certain behaviors that can increase longevity. One study, published in the journal Circulation last year, even argued that adhering to just five healthy habits could extend your lifespan by roughly a decade. Here’s what they are, and what research to date says about living your longest life. Eating a healthy diet Diet is strongly linked to longevity. Research has long suggested that following a Mediterranean di...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Longevity Source Type: news
FRIDAY, April 19, 2019 -- Slow-release implantable naltrexone is associated with better outcomes than the oral drug for HIV-positive patients with an opioid addiction, according to a study published in the April issue of The Lancet HIV. Evgeny...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
Authors: Rao R, Varshney M, Singh S, Agrawal A, Ambekar A Abstract The Mental Healthcare Act (MHCA), 2017, is enacted with an aim to promote and protect the rights of and improve the care and treatment for people affected by mental illness in India. The Act purportedly includes substance use disorder (SUD) specifically in the definition of mental illness itself. However, some of the phrases used in the definition such as "abuse" are not clear, as the current classificatory systems of mental illnesses do not have any diagnostic category termed "abuse." Another important issue is the lack of clari...
Source: Indian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Indian J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 April 2019Source: Pharmacology Biochemistry and BehaviorAuthor(s): Rosana Camarini, Lucas Barbosa Hoffmann, Andrea Suarez, Mariana Rae, Tania Marcourakis, Ricardo Marcos PautassiAbstractAdolescents are more sensitive than adults to the neural and behavioral effects of psychostimulants, and exhibit greater vulnerability to drug abuse, dependence or relapse into these conditions. We have reported that cocaine pretreatment during adolescence promotes the expression of behavioral sensitization to a greater extent than when the pretreatment occurs at adulthood. Behavioral sensitization has ...
Source: Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Dozens of Medical Professionals Charged With Illegally Prescribing Opioids Federal prosecutors have charged 60 doctors, nurses, pharmacists and other medical professionals with illegally prescribing more than 32 million powerful and addictive pain pills. www.wsj.com I wish I had more details about the pharmacists charged. I guess that isn’t as interesting as the prostitution doctor or the... Dozens charged in opioid case
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Pharmacy Source Type: forums
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