Usefulness of post mortem computed tomography versus conventional forensic autopsy of road accident victims (drivers and passengers) - Moska ła A, Woźniak K, Kluza P, Romaszko K, Lopatin O.

Aim of the study: Deaths of in-vehicle victims (drivers and passengers) of road accidents represent a significant group of issues addressed by forensic medicine. Expressing opinions in this regard involves first of all the determination of the cause...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

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ConclusionTXA is an interesting treatment in haemorrhagic shock. Its efficiency in head trauma is still debated and controversial. Its impact on the mortality and the needs of transfusion or surgery were not demonstrated in this study. Nevertheless, its safety worth to be studied in larger samples as we found a higher rate of pulmonary embolism in the treated group.
Source: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
PURPOSE: To evaluate retinal damage as the result of craniomaxillofacial trauma and explain its pathogenic mechanism using finite element (FE) simulation. METHODS: Computed tomography (CT) images of an adult man were obtained to construct a FE skul...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: In unstable cervical injuries, stabilization of disrupted posterior tension band increases the stability of anterior plating and fusion. This method of immediate reduction and circumferential stabilization is rapid, safe, and effective and has a low rate of complications. PMID: 29879767 [PubMed]
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: We show that the symptom questionnaires ACE and RPQ show good, but not excellent, agreement for SCCs in an mTBI study population. Our results support the retention of RPQ as a basic CDE for mTBI research. ABBREVIATIONS: BSI-18: Brief Symptom Inventory; 18CDEs: common data elements; CT: computed tomography; CVLT: California Verbal Learning Test; ED: emergency department; GCS: Glasgow coma scale; LOC: loss of consciousnessm; TBI: mild-traumatic brain injury; PTA: post-traumatic amnesia; SCC: subjective cognitive complaints; TBI: traumatic brain injury; TRACK-TBI: Transforming Research and Clinical Knowledge i...
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
Abstract The recent association between the increase in the number of neonates with microcephaly in northeastern Brazil and the outbreak of infection with the Zika virus, which has been occurring in the Americas, has been declared a public health emergency of international concern. The evidence that implicates the virus as the cause of this public health emergency has been demonstrated ever more consistently. This pictorial essay illustrates the imaging characteristics seen on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans of infants admitted to a rehabilitation hospital with a diagnosis of microcephaly and a mat...
Source: Radiologia Brasileira - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
A bystander claimed to have been shot by a police officer, and CT scans were used to match qualitative and quantitative aspects of the unremoved bullet with police issued 9 mm Luger ammunition. CT scan methodology proved a valid approach for the measuremen...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: The mid-term curative effects of a reconstruction plate and bioabsorbable screws in the treatment of Pipkin type IV femoral head fractures is significant, and such the treatment can significantly improve the patient's joint function and quality of life. PMID: 29793730 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo investigate if bone substitutes are strictly necessary to restore the vertebral body height and improve the clinical outcome, in patients with thoracolumbar or lumbar AO type A post-traumatic vertebral fractures, managed with balloon kyphoplasty combined with posterior screw and rod system.Methods105 patients with post-traumatic thoracolumbar spine fracture were recruited. At baseline, the patients underwent a CT and an MRI of the spine. Clinical evaluation was performed, using the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), at baseline, 48  h after surgery, at 3-month follow-u...
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) is becoming a commonly used modality in routine forensic investigation. Mechanical injuries including lacerations, incisions, stab wounds and gunshot wounds frequently contain foreign bodies that may have significant v...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Conclusion Surgical treatment of femoral head fractures through controlled hip dislocation is a viable option and can be considered an alternative to classical approaches.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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