Image Guidance Technologies for Interventional Pain Procedures: Ultrasound, Fluoroscopy, and CT
AbstractChronic pain is a common medical condition. Patients who suffer uncontrolled chronic pain may require interventions including spinal injections and various nerve blocks. Interventional procedures have evolved and improved over time since epidural injection was first introduced for low back pain and sciatica in 1901. One of the major contributors in the improvement of these interventions is the advancement of imaging guidance technologies. The utilization of image guidance has dramatically improved the accuracy and safety of these interventions. The first image guidance technology adopted by pain specialists was fluoroscopy. This was followed by CT and ultrasound. Fluoroscopy can be used to visualize bony structures of the spine. It is still the most commonly used guidance technology in spinal injections. In the recent years, ultrasound guidance has been increasingly adopted by interventionists to perform various injections. Because its ability to visualize soft tissue, vessels, and nerves, this guidance technology appears to be a better option than fluoroscopy for interventions including SGB and celiac plexus blocks, when visualization of the vessels may prevent intravascular injection. The current evidence indicates the efficacies of these interventions are similar between ultrasound guidance and fluoroscopy guidance for SGB and celiac plexus blocks. For facet injections and interlaminar epidural steroid injections, it is important to visualize bony structures in ord...
DISCUSSION: Tramadol can ameliorate the histopathological structure of ischaemic tissue in both periods of I/R injury in rat. We suggest further research investigating various dosages with different administration methods of tramadol in stroke should be conducted by adopting different explorative techniques. PMID: 29792388 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
A recent study followed individuals who had undergone obesity surgery. They found that the procedure significantly reduced their risk of skin cancer.
Vitamin D is a crucial nutrient for bone health. Some studies suggest a link between vitamin D deficiency and joint or muscle pain, including rheumatoid arthritis. In this article, we look at what the research says, how a person can get their daily dose of vitamin D, and other vitamins that could help joint pain.
Authors: Gao D, Shao J, Jin W, Xia X, Qu Y Abstract BACKGROUND: To investigate the correlations of serum cystatin C and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) with vascular endothelial cell injury in patients with active systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: A total of 80 patients with SLE treated in our hospital from January 2016 to September 2017 were selected and randomly divided into stable-stage group (n=40) and active-stage group (n=40) using a random number table. The expressions of cystatin C and hs-CRPin stable and active stages were compared, and the inner diameters of brachial artery and...
This study demonstrates the feasibility to accurately identify patients with specific types of SCD and pain crises within an EHR. PMID: 29792312 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: Our study presents evidence of a relationship between BMI and alpha diversity of the gut microbiota. In addition to these findings, a number of OTUs were found to be significantly associated with host BMI. These findings may highlight separate subtypes of obesity, one driven by genetic factors, the other more heavily influenced by environmental factors. PMID: 29792248 [PubMed - in process]
Objectives: This analysis assessed the safety of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) in the treatment of patients with neuroimmunological and immunological disorders in a home-based setting. Methods: Adverse reactions (ARs) were assessed in a retrospective review of 1176 patients receiving 28,677 home-based IVIg infusions between 1996 and 2013. Results: Of 1176 patients, 648 (55.1%) experienced IVIg-related ARs; 536 (45.6%) were mild, 78 (6.6%) moderate, and 34 (2.9%) severe. Thirty-seven (3.1%) patients were hospitalized because of ARs; of these, headache was most common (51.4%). Mean number of ARs per patient incre...
Conclusions: Lymphomatous lumbosacral radiculoplexopathy should be considered in patients with progressive lumbosacral radicular symptoms. Magnetic resonance imaging and fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography, but not cerebrospinal fluid, are helpful in achieving early diagnosis. Treatment responses seem favorable.
Conclusions: Proper clinical conditions, for scheduling a postextraction immediate implant placement surgery, involve the presence of 4 bone walls showing and sufficient height and width. The accurate knowledge of alveolus bone morphology of mandibular molars, prior extraction, could be an important guide to avoid potential failures due to nonideal anatomical features to fixture stabilization.
Conclusions: Maxillary sinus floor elevation using the crestal approach technique in the presence of severe sinus mucosal thickening allows for minimally invasive sinus grafting and simultaneous implant placement and does not increase sinus membrane thickness.