Being Mindful of Mindfulness Interventions in Cancer: a systematic review of intervention reporting and study methodology

ConclusionsMindfulness is increasingly considered a standard therapy in psycho‐oncology. While many studies proclaim benefits, there is considerable variability, modification to standardized protocols, and claims of benefit often reflect decreases in sub‐clinical supportive care symptomology rather than therapeutic relief of clinically significant psychological disorders.
Source: Psycho-Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

Related Links:

Abstract Fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is a common problem among cancer survivors and evidence-based interventions grounded in theoretical models are needed. Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) is an evidence-based intervention for reducing health anxiety that could be useful to apply to FCR. However, there has only been one study of MBCT for FCR to date, and the theoretical rationale and practical application of MBCT for FCR has not been described. The purpose of this paper is to offer an evidence-based rationale for MBCT to treat FCR based on a health anxiety model; describe the process of adapting MBCT...
Source: Clinical Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Clin Psychol Med Settings Source Type: research
AbstractFear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is a common problem among cancer survivors and evidence-based interventions grounded in theoretical models are needed. Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) is an evidence-based intervention for reducing health anxiety that could be useful to apply to FCR. However, there has only been one study of MBCT for FCR to date, and the theoretical rationale and practical application of MBCT for FCR has not been described. The purpose of this paper is to offer an evidence-based rationale for MBCT to treat FCR based on a health anxiety model; describe the process of adapting MBCT to target...
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
This study focused on predictors of treatment outcome of MBCT for cancer patients and examined whether group cohesion, therapeutic alliance and therapist competence predicted reduction of psychological distress after MBCT for cancer patients. Moreover, it was examined whether therapist competence facilitated therapeutic alliance or group cohesion. Multilevel analyses were conducted on a subsample of patients collected in a larger randomized controlled trial on individual internet-based versus group-based MBCT versus treatment as usual in distressed cancer patients. The current analyses included the 84 patients who complete...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Evidence from RCTs of moderate quality suggest that psychotherapy is useful for treating depressive states in advanced cancer patients. However, no evidence supports the effectiveness of psychotherapy for patients with clinically diagnosed depression. PMID: 30480780 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
AbstractThis systematic review and meta-analysis aims to evaluate the effectiveness of internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (ICBT) on anxiety and depression among persons with chronic health conditions. A systematic database search was conducted of MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycInfo, EMBASE, and Cochrane for relevant studies published from 1990 to September 2018. A study was included if the following criteria were met: (1) randomized controlled trial involving an ICBT intervention; (2) participants experienced a chronic health condition; (3) participants ≥ 18 years of age; and (4) effects of ICBT on anxie...
Source: Journal of Behavioral Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
AbstractOptimism and mastery are two cognitive traits that involve positive expectations for the future and that have been demonstrated to be important predictors of reduced anxiety as well as superior coping and physical health in many populations, including cancer survivors. There is limited research, however, examining the unique effects of these traits when examined simultaneously. The present cross-sectional study used structural equation modeling to examine the unique effects of optimism and mastery on emotion, coping, and health in 603 adult cancer survivors, and whether results were consistent in men and women. Res...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
This study suggests that the adapted intervention is acceptable, feasible, and demonstrates preliminary efficacy in improving body image and secondary outcomes among breast cancer survivors. PMID: 30121489 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Body Image - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Body Image Source Type: research
AbstractThe improved detection and successful treatment of breast cancer, resulting in better survival rates, has led to an increasing number of women living with the effects of treatment modalities and their long-term consequences. Menopausal symptoms following breast cancer can occur at an earlier age, be more severe and significantly influence a woman ’s overall wellbeing, in particular, sexual function, quality of life and adherence to treatment. There is a dearth of good quality evidence on the safest and most effective treatment options available for these women, and this article aims to summarize the current a...
Source: Drugs and Aging - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
This article reviews contributions to that literature published since January 2017. Recent findings The majority of new psychological intervention research in cancer has used cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) or mindfulness-based interventions. CBT has been considered a gold-standard intervention and recent evidence justifies continuation of this. Recent reviews call into question the validity of evidence for mindfulness-based interventions. A smaller number of trials using acceptance and commitment therapy, meta-cognitive therapy, dignity therapy and coaching have emerged, and whereas findings are promising, addition...
Source: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care - Category: Palliative Care Tags: LIVING WITH CANCER AND THE CONSEQUENCES OF TREATMENT: Edited by Lynn Calman and Natasha Campling Source Type: research
Authors: Abenavoli L, Di Renzo L, Boccuto L, Alwardat N, Gratteri S, De Lorenzo A Abstract INTRODUCTION: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease worldwide. Insulin resistance and obesity-related inflammatory status, associated with genetic, dietary, and lifestyle factors, are involved in its pathogenesis. There is no consensus concerning the pharmacological treatment of NAFLD. However, the international guidelines agree to define a dietetic nutritional management to achieve weight loss, as an essential component of any therapeutic strategy. Areas covered: An overview on the benefic...
Source: Expert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
More News: Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Cognitive Behavior Therapy | Databases & Libraries | Psychology | Study