A modified Essen Stroke Risk Score for predicting recurrent ischemic stroke at one year.

In this study, we developed a modified ESRS for predicting recurrent ischemic stroke at one year based on Chinese population. Methods Eight hundred and three consecutive patients were included in the study. We performed a univariate analysis to investigate the effect of previously identified risk factors on recurrent stroke at one year. The candidate predictors were included in a forward stepwise logistic regression model. Prediction scores were assigned based on β coefficient and a modified ESRS system was constructed. We used receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves to compare the predictive ability of the modified and original ESRS. Results Recurrent ischemic stroke occurred in 85 (11.00%) patients and death occurred in 68 (8.80%) patients within one year. Hypertension over 15 years, diabetes over 10 years, large artery atherosclerosis cerebral infarction by TOAST criteria and a history of transient ischemic attack (TIA) or ischemic stroke (IS) were identified as independent risk factors for recurrent stroke (all P 
Source: Neurological Research - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Source Type: research

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Authors: Isordia-Salas I, Martínez-Marino M, Alberti-Minutti P, Ricardo-Moreno MT, Castro-Calvo R, Santiago-Germán D, Alvarado-Moreno JA, Calleja-Carreño C, Hernández-Juárez J, Leaños-Miranda A, Majluf-Cruz A Abstract Background and Purpose: The thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) is an important inhibitor of fibrinolysis and plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of arterial thrombosis; genetic polymorphisms of the TAFI gene affect its activity and increase the risk of thrombosis. Moreover, studies in young patients are still scarce. The aim was to examin...
Source: Disease Markers - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Dis Markers Source Type: research
This study aimed to assess the associations of pregnancy loss and risk of hypertension, type 2 diabetes (T2D), and hypercholesterolemia.
Source: Obstetric Anesthesia Digest - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Mother, Fetus, Neonate Source Type: research
Conclusions: Baseline RDW should be integrated into clinical practice as a predictor of ischemic stroke occurrence and outcome. Future studies should also explore the dynamic change of RDW in post-stroke patients to evaluate the clinical significance of RDW and its impact on the inflammatory state of ischemic stroke.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Leukocyte count is associated with short-term and long-term clinical outcomes of acute ischemic stroke and may have predictive value, especially in patients with certain specific characteristics.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Du Z, Bian W, Wu S, Gao B, Sun Y, Kang Z, Zhang X Abstract Introduction: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of blood pressure (BP) goals on cardiovascular outcomes in hypertensive patients. Material and methods: Primary hypertensive patients were retrospectively enrolled from outpatient clinics. The demographics, comorbidities, laboratory parameters and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were collected. All participants were followed for 1 year. Cardiovascular outcomes included composite of all-cause mortality, non-fatal myocardial infarction, and non-fatal ischemic stroke/transient ischemi...
Source: Archives of Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Tags: Arch Med Sci Source Type: research
ConclusionAspirin reduced the risks of MACCE and cancer without increasing the bleeding risk in elderly Koreans with hypertension, T2DM, or dyslipidemia. Moreover, the benefits of the long-term use of aspirin in reducing the risks of MACCE were demonstrated. However, the decision of using aspirin for primary prevention must be carefully made on an individual basis, while estimating the benefit –risk balance of aspirin.
Source: Drugs and Aging - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
Conclusions: The follow-up after discharge in specialized units of tobacco cessation is very low, yet the efficacy of the treatment per year was high.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tobacco, smoking control and health educ. Source Type: research
Abstract Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death worldwide. Previous studies have shown that inflammatory chemokines are involved in the physiological functions of cytoskeletal reorganization, cell migration, adhesion and immune responses. However, in the past decade, there have been studies showing that inflammatory chemokines play a key role in CVD. Importantly, CXC motif chemokine ligand 2 (CXCL2) has been shown to be involved in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. CXCL2 exerts its effects on the cardiovascular system by mediating inflammatory responses, but the specific signaling ...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Clin Exp Hypertens Source Type: research
ConclusionsDiabetic nephropathy was common among Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes in primary care in Hong Kong. Early identification and control of the modifiable risk factors are of upmost importance in preventing the complication.
Source: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Abstract Introduction: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is defined as an association between diabetes, hypertension, obesity and dyslipidemia and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Mitral annular calcification (MAC) is associated with several cardiovascular disorders, including coronary artery disease, atrial fibrillation (AF), heart failure, ischemic stroke and increased mortality. The CHA2DS2-VASc score is used to estimate thromboembolic risk in AF. However, the association among MAC, MetS and thromboembolic risk is unknown and was evaluated in the current study. Methods: The study group consisted of 94 patients with ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
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