A modified Essen Stroke Risk Score for predicting recurrent ischemic stroke at one year.

In this study, we developed a modified ESRS for predicting recurrent ischemic stroke at one year based on Chinese population. Methods Eight hundred and three consecutive patients were included in the study. We performed a univariate analysis to investigate the effect of previously identified risk factors on recurrent stroke at one year. The candidate predictors were included in a forward stepwise logistic regression model. Prediction scores were assigned based on β coefficient and a modified ESRS system was constructed. We used receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves to compare the predictive ability of the modified and original ESRS. Results Recurrent ischemic stroke occurred in 85 (11.00%) patients and death occurred in 68 (8.80%) patients within one year. Hypertension over 15 years, diabetes over 10 years, large artery atherosclerosis cerebral infarction by TOAST criteria and a history of transient ischemic attack (TIA) or ischemic stroke (IS) were identified as independent risk factors for recurrent stroke (all P 
Source: Neurological Research - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Source Type: research

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In this study, the clinical significance of serum RAGE levels in acute ischemic stroke patients with type 2 diabetes was determined.MethodThree hundred seven patients (165 patients without diabetes and 142 patients with diabetes) with acute cerebral infarction (ACI) were enrolled over 3 consecutive months. On admission, their National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores were recorded. The clinical laboratory data of all subjects were collected, and their serum levels of RAGE were assayed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). On admission and 3 months after stroke, the clinical outcomes were assessed ...
Source: Irish Journal of Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
In conclusion, it remains unclear if brain-specific regional and temporal changes occur in the expression of the different APP variants during AD progression. Since APP is also found in blood cells, assessing the changes in APP mRNA expression in peripheral blood cells from AD patients has been considering an alternative. However, again the quantification of APP mRNA in peripheral blood cells has generated controversial results. Brain APP protein has been analyzed in only a few studies, probably as it is difficult to interpret the complex pattern of APP variants and fragments. We previously characterized the soluabl...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: While history of migraine and neck manipulation are significantly associated with CeAD, most of the traditional vascular risk factors for stroke are less prevalent in this group when compared to strokes due to other etiologies. For CeAD-related strokes, higher initial stroke severity and history of tobacco use may be associated with higher stroke-related disability, but overall, patients with CeAD have similar outcomes as compared to strokes due to other etiologies.Cerebrovasc Dis
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe results suggest that lysine, phenylalanine, threonine, and alanine intake is important for the maintenance of cognitive function in older people, independent of total protein intake.
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
ConclusionCardiovascular morbidity was increased in patients with TA attending primary care services in the UK. Treatment with statins and anti ‐platelets in these patients was suboptimal.
Source: Arthritis and Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: FULL LENGTH Source Type: research
Conclusion: COVID-19-related ischemic events can present as small vessel occlusions, branch emboli or large vessel occlusions. The most common etiology is cryptogenic. Patients with LVO syndromes tend to be younger, male and may have elevated acute inflammatory markers.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study is the first to provide a direct link between this inflammation and plaque development - by way of IFITM3. Scientists know that the production of IFITM3 starts in response to activation of the immune system by invading viruses and bacteria. These observations, combined with the new findings that IFITM3 directly contributes to plaque formation, suggest that viral and bacterial infections could increase the risk of Alzheimer's disease development. Indeed, researchers found that the level of IFITM3 in human brain samples correlated with levels of certain viral infections as well as with gamma-secretase activ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
We present the hypothesis that pre-existing vascular damage (due to aging, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension or other conditions) facilitates infiltration of the virus into the central nervous system (CNS), increasing neuro-inflammation and the likelihood o f neurological symptoms. We also discuss the role of a neuroinflammatory cytokine profile in both blood–brain barrier dysfunction and macrovascular disease (e.g. ischemic stroke and thromboembolism). Future studies are needed to better understand the involvement of the microvasculature in coronavi rus neuropathology, and to test the diagnostic potenti...
Source: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Multimorbid patients with ACS are at a greater risk for worse outcomes than their nonmultimorbid counterparts. Lack of consistent measurement makes interpretation of the impact of multimorbidity challenging and emphasizes the need for more research on multimorbidity's effects on postdischarge healthcare utilization. PMID: 32925234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: J Cardiovasc Nurs Source Type: research
In conclusion, using a large cohort with rich health and DNA methylation data, we provide the first comparison of six major epigenetic measures of biological ageing with respect to their associations with leading causes of mortality and disease burden. DNAm GrimAge outperformed the other measures in its associations with disease data and associated clinical traits. This may suggest that predicting mortality, rather than age or homeostatic characteristics, may be more informative for common disease prediction. Thus, proteomic-based methods (as utilised by DNAm GrimAge) using large, physiologically diverse protein sets for p...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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