Air pollution linked to irregular menstrual cycles

This study is the first to show that exposure to air pollution among teen girls (ages 14-18) is associated with slightly increased chances of menstrual irregularity and longer time to achieve such regularity in high school and early adulthood.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Related Links:

ConclusionVitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent in infertile PCOS women and there seems to be no association between hypovitaminosis D and the metabolic syndrome in the same population.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Publication date: May 2018Source: Diabetes &Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &Reviews, Volume 12, Issue 3Author(s): Muhammad Bilal, Abdul Haseeb, Abdur RehmanAbstractBackgroundPolycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder affecting women of reproductive age. The two main documented pathogenic mechanisms are hyperinsulinemia and hyperandrogenemia but there is growing evidence for increased predisposition to cardiovascular disease, dyslipidemia, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Our study aims to analyze the association of PCOS with cardiovascular risk factors.MethodsThis is a prospective st...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), one of the most common endocrine disorders, is associated with diverse health problems including obesity, infertility, metabolic syndrome, uterine cancer, anxiety, and depression. The syndrome is well characterized but the exact etiology is poorly understood. Treatments include lifestyle intervention, medical and surgical therapies, and are tailored to symptoms and treatment goals.
Source: Fertility and Sterility - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Reflections Source Type: research
This study was a secondary analysis of the Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Acupuncture and Clomiphene Trial (PCOSAct), a large randomized controlled trial conducted at 27 hospitals from 2012 to 2015 in mainland China.PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODSOut of 1000 women with PCOS, SHS exposure status were available in 500 women, of whom 271 women were non-exposed and 229 exposed to cigarette smoke (170 women ≤10 cigarettes per day as low-SHS exposed and 59 women>10 cigarettes per day as high-SHS exposed). We compared circulating sex steroids, glucose and lipid metabolism, metabolic syndrome and phenotypes, fertility an...
Source: Human Reproduction - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion This study established a significant yet independent association of PCOS with major cardiovascular risk factors. This association can effectively progress into CVD outcomes which necessitates early intervention programs and preventative strategies to reduce mortality from cardiovascular events. This study lays out the framework for conducting further researches on the PCOS women while exploring novel cardiovascular risk factors.
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusion This study established a significant yet independent association of PCOS with major cardiovascular risk factors. This association can effectively progress into CVD outcomes which necessitates early intervention programs and preventative strategies to reduce mortality from cardiovascular events. This study lays out the framework for conducting further researches on the PCOS women while exploring novel cardiovascular risk factors.
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Authors: Sagvekar P, Dadachanji R, Patil K, Mukherjee S Abstract Polycystic ovary syndrome is a complex endocrine disorder affecting numerous women of reproductive age across the globe. Characterized mainly by irregular menses, hirsutism, skewed LH: FSH ratios and bulky polycystic ovaries, this multifactorial endocrinopathy results in unfavorable reproductive and metabolic sequelae, including anovulatory infertility, type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease in later years. Increasing evidence has shown that the manifestation of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is attributable to a cumulative i...
Source: Frontiers in Bioscience - Elite - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Front Biosci (Elite Ed) Source Type: research
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder affecting middle-age women that often causes insulin insensitivity, obesity, infertility, and metabolic syndrome as a result of hormonal imbalances. Gastric bypass procedures have been shown to be effective in treating these symptoms however the efficacy of vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) has not been studied in the PCOS population. The purpose of this study was to analyze outcomes of VSG in this population, including the impact on subsequent fertility.
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
This study has been limited for interpretation due to its small sample size and not being the primary focus of the original study.Coronal view showing bilateral polycystic ovaries.A more recent study compared separately the risk of PCOS and its relations to endometrial, ovarian, and breast cancers, which originally showed on analysis that ovarian cancer was not significant (OR 1.41;95% CI,0.93-2.15 p
Source: The Case Files - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Inositol appears to regulate menstrual cycles, improve ovulation and induce metabolic changes in PCOS, however evidence is lacking for pregnancy, miscarriage or live birth. Further well-designed multicenter trial to address this issue to provide robust evidence of benefit is warranted. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 28544572 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: BJOG Source Type: research
More News: Boston University | Girls | Infertility | Men | Metabolic Syndrome | Ovaries | Polycystic Ovary Syndrome | Reproduction Medicine | Study