Acupuncture for headache

It is easy to ridicule a 2000-year-old treatment that can seem closer to magic than to science. Indeed, from the 1970s to around 2005, the skeptic’s point of view was understandable, because the scientific evidence to show that acupuncture worked, and why, was weak, and clinical trials were small and of poor quality. But things have changed since then. A lot. Thanks to the development of valid placebo controls (for example, a retractable “sham” device that looks like an acupuncture needle but does not penetrate the skin), and the publication of several large and well-designed clinical trials in the last decade, we have the start of a solid foundation for truly understanding the effectiveness of acupuncture. How do we know if acupuncture really works for pain? Individual large-scale clinical studies have consistently demonstrated that acupuncture provided better pain relief compared with usual care. However, most studies also showed little difference between real and sham (fake) acupuncture. In order to address this concern, a 2012 meta-analysis combined data from roughly 18,000 individual patients in 23 high-quality randomized controlled trials of acupuncture for common pain conditions. This analysis conclusively demonstrated that acupuncture is superior to sham for low back pain, headache, and osteoarthritis, and improvements seen were similar to that of other widely used non-opiate pain relievers. And the safety profile of acupuncture is excellent, with ve...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Complementary and alternative medicine Headache Health Pain Management Source Type: blogs

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ConclusionCongenital morphological disorders may occur at the lower cervical spine and cervicothoracic junction, and they can involve the vertebral body as well as the posterior arch. We reported three cases of uncommon malformations, with a unique Y- and S-shaped laminar pattern.
Source: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy - Category: Anatomy Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2018Source: NeuronAuthor(s): Arnab Barik, James Hunter Thompson, Mathew Seltzer, Nima Ghitani, Alexander T. CheslerSummaryResponse to danger needs to be rapid and appropriate. In humans, nocifensive behaviors often precede conscious pain perception. Much is known about local spinal cord circuits for simple reflexive responses, but the mechanisms underlying more complex behaviors remain poorly understood. We now describe a brainstem circuit that controls escape responses to select noxious stimuli. Tracing experiments characterized a highly interconnected excitatory circuit invo...
Source: Neuron - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Past-month use of e-cigarettes among high schoolers skyrocketed nearly 80% since 2017, and among middle schoolers, nearly 50%, according to the 2018 National Youth Tobacco Survey (NYST). Theresults were published Thursday in theMorbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.E-cigarettes (electronic cigarettes) are battery-powered devices that heat and vaporize a liquid containing nicotine that is derived from tobacco and typically, fruit or candy flavors. In 2018, just over 1 in 5 high schoolers (3.05 million students) and 1 in 20 middle schoolers (570,000 students) reported using e-cigarettes in the past 30 days.The considerable i...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alex Azar E-cigarettes JUUL menthol cigarettes Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report National Youth Tobacco Survey Source Type: research
Authors: Loriga B, Di Filippo A, Tofani L, Signorini P, Caporossi T, Barca F, De Gaudio AR, Rizzo S, Adembri C Abstract BACKGROUND: The control of postoperative pain (POP) is a key component of perioperative care. POP after vitreo-retinal surgery (VRS) has been under-investigated, and its incidence remains elusive. METHODS: In order to assess POP after VRS, the associated risk factors and efficacy of the analgesic protocol in use at our institution, we made a 1-year retrospective study on patients undergoing VRS. Patients aged>18 years, ASA status I-III undergoing VRS entered the study. POP was evaluated by ...
Source: Minerva Anestesiologica - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Minerva Anestesiol Source Type: research
Power-frequency magnetic fields at 50 Hz do not affect fertility and development in rats and mice. Electromagn Biol Med. 2018 Nov 14;:1-12 Authors: Ruan G, Liu X, Zhang Y, Wan B, Zhang J, Lai J, He M, Chen C Abstract In the present study, the effects of power-frequency magnetic fields (PF-MF) on fertility and development were investigated in rats and mice. Adult Sprague-Dawley rats and C57BL/6J mice were divided into four groups: a sham exposure group and 30-µT, 100-µT and 500-µT PF-MF exposure groups. The rats were exposed for 24 weeks, and the exposure time for mice ranged...
Source: Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine - Category: Physics Tags: Electromagn Biol Med Source Type: research
ConclusionHg exposure could trigger epigenetic alterations, hence leading to various human disorders including reduced newborn cerebellum size, adverse behavioral outcomes, atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction. Similarly, in adults, occupational Hg exposure has been associated with an increased risk of autoimmunity. It has been revealed that miRNAs in the woman’s cervix are a novel responder to maternal Hg exposure during pregnancy. Hg-induced epigenetic alterations analysis of kidney tissues showed a significant interruption in renal function. DNA methylation and histone post-translation modifications are predo...
Source: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The Solomon Islands presents a unique profile of challenges to surgical practice, including the impact of dengue infection on fitness for surgery, a mobile patient population dispersed across the islands, difficult access to pathology services, and increased length of stay. Despite this, most patients had surgical outcomes equivalent to those in a developed setting. PMID: 30433793 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Rural and Remote Health - Category: Rural Health Tags: Rural Remote Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2018Source: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Toxicology &PharmacologyAuthor(s): Matías N. Sánchez, Juliana M. Sciani, María A. Quintana, María M. Martínez, Flávio L. Tavares, Micaela A. Gritti, Hui W. Fan, Gladys P. Teibler, María E. PeichotoAbstractMegalopygids Megalopyge lanata and Podalia orsilochus are common causative agents of accidents in agricultural workers. These accidents are provoked by dermal contact at their larval stage and are characterized by cutaneous reactions, such as burning pain, edema an...
Source: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Toxicology and Pharmacology - Category: Toxicology Source Type: research
Authors: Kasaven LS, Shah A, Sadoon S PMID: 30428745 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
This study assessed the willingness to use family planning among 420 women receiving care at obstetric fistula centres in three northern Nigerian States using a semi-structured questionnaire. Concerning family planning methods, 56.7% were aware, only three (1.3%) had ever utilised any method and 63.8% were willing to use a family planning method in the near future. Age, type of marriage and the presence of surviving children were the significant predictors of willingness to use family planning among women with fistula. There is a moderate awareness of family planning with very low utilisation rates. However, a high proport...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
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