New … or rather, perhaps not so new: a “ new ” long-term follow-up study on MGUS

In conclusion…As a U.S. myeloma expert once told me, statistics are useful only to specialists who wish to compare the results of their own statistical studies. He told me that as far as patients are concerned, statistics are useless. I concur.
Source: Margaret's Corner - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Blogroll cancer statistics Long-Term Follow-up of Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance myeloma Source Type: blogs

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In this study, around 20% of all patients with HBV reactivation developed HBV reactivation after 2 years from the initiation of therapy, unlike malignant lymphoma. This might be due to the fact that almost all of the patients received chemotherapy for a long duration. Therefore, a new strategy for the prevention of HBV reactivation in MM patients is required.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study may be the first to report that hsa_circ_0007841 is significantly upregulated in MM. It also suggests that hsa_circ_0007841 may be a novel biomarker for MM and its involvement in the progression of MM.
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This article discusses the historic context of HDM-ASCT, the modern role of HDM-ASCT given the availability of highly sensitive MRD testing, and the likely future of quadruplet treatment. In summary, patients who attain deep responses using IMiD- and PI-based regimens may not require early HDM-ASCT. A delayed approach to this treatment is acceptable, and might be preferred by patients. PMID: 31730582 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Clinical Advances in Hematology and Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Clin Adv Hematol Oncol Source Type: research
ConclusionsPCPs report several barriers in providing care to hematologic malignancy/HCT survivors. Clinical experience with this patient population is associated with greater confidence in providing survivorship care. Several barriers identified by PCPs in providing survivorship care to hematologic malignancy/HCT survivors are potentially addressable by education, clinical decision support tools and guidelines, enhancing clinical experience, and care coordination with hematologist-oncologists.
Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese data demonstrate that a transplantation protocol involving only selective tumor-reactive donor T cell families is an effective immunotherapy and results in long-term survival in a mouse model of human MM. The results highlight the need to develop similar ATCT strategies for MM patients that result in enhanced survival without symptoms of GvHD.
Source: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract Therapeutic strategies designed to tinker with cancer cell DNA damage response have led to the widespread use of PARP inhibitors for BRCA1/2-mutated cancers. In the haematological cancer multiple myeloma, we sought to identify analogous synthetic lethality mechanisms that could be leveraged upon established cancer treatments. The combination of ATR inhibition using the compound VX-970 with a drug eliciting interstrand cross-links, melphalan, was tested in in vitro, ex vivo, and most notably in vivo models. Cell proliferation, induction of apoptosis, tumor growth and animal survival were assessed. The comb...
Source: Haematologica - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Haematologica Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 November 2019Source: Blood Cells, Molecules, and DiseasesAuthor(s): Jana Volejnikova, Petr Vojta, Helena Urbankova, Renata Mojzíkova, Monika Horvathova, Ivana Hochova, Jaroslav Cermak, Jan Blatny, Martina Sukova, Eva Bubanska, Jaroslava Feketeova, Daniela Prochazkova, Julia Horakova, Marian Hajduch, Dagmar PospisilovaAbstractDiamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a rare congenital erythroid aplasia, underlied by haploinsufficient mutations in genes coding for ribosomal proteins (RP) in approximately 70% of cases. DBA is frequently associated with somatic malformations, endocrine dysfu...
Source: Blood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
In this report, we demonstrate potent anti‐myeloma effects of the TOPK inhibitor OTS514 for the fir st time. OTS514 induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis at nanomolar concentrations in a series of human myeloma cell lines (HMCL) and prevents outgrowth of a putative CD138+ stem cell population from MM patient ‐derived peripheral blood mononuclear cells. In bone marrow cells from MM patients, OTS514 treatment exhibited preferential killing of the malignant CD138+ plasma cells compared with the CD138− compartment. In an aggressive mouse xenograft model, OTS964 given orally at 100  mg/kg 5 days per week w...
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable plasma cell dyscrasia characterized by the uncontrollable proliferation of clonal plasma cells resulting in myeloma-defining events (end-organ damage and/or biomarkers of malignancy) [1]. MM constitutes a significant contributor to the global burden of hematological malignancy causing 2.1 million disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) worldwide according to the Global Burden of Disease 2016 study [2]. During the last decades, an increase in the disease incidence has been clearly demonstrated, especially in North America, Western Europe and Australasia [2].
Source: Cancer Treatment Reviews - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Anti-Tumour Treatment Source Type: research
This study strongly suggests that ASCT2 is an excellent target molecule for the treatment of malignancies, especiallyKRAS‐mutated cancers. AbstractKRAS mutations are detected in numerous human cancers, but there are few effective drugs forKRAS‐mutated cancers. Transporters for amino acids and glucose are highly expressed on cancer cells, possibly to maintain rapid cell growth and metabolism. Alanine‐serine‐cysteine transporter 2 (ASCT2) is a primary transporter for glutamine in cancer cells. In this study, we developed a novel mono clonal antibody (mAb) recognizing the extracellular domain of human ASCT2, and inves...
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
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