San Antonio autism center launches nearly $5M campus expansion

The new building will relieve pressure on area schools and businesses dealing with a growing population of people with autism.
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Physician Practices headlines - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 14 August 2018Source: Journal of Neuroscience MethodsAuthor(s): Matthew S. Binder, Christian J. Hernandez-Zegada, Christian T. Potter, Nolan O. Suzanne, Joaquin N. LugoAbstractAlterations in early-life communicative behaviors are a common feature of neurodevelopmental conditions such as autism and epilepsy. One method of investigating communication in murine models is through analyzing ultrasonic vocalizations. These vocalizations are commonly recorded with either the Avisoft or the Ultravox recording programs. However, since no study has compared whether the systems are equally sensitive...
Source: Journal of Neuroscience Methods - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 August 2018Source: Neurochemistry InternationalAuthor(s): Lindsay Joy Spielman, Deanna Lynn Gibson, Andis KlegerisAbstractThe number of bacterial cells living within the human body is approximately equal to, or greater than, the total number of human cells. This dynamic population of microorganisms, termed the human microbiota, resides mainly within the gastrointestinal tract. It is widely accepted that highly diverse and stable microbiota promote overall human health. Colonization of the gut with maladaptive and pathogenic microbiota, a state also known as dysbiosis, is associated wit...
Source: Neurochemistry International - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
This article reviews the biological origins of the social function deficit associated with autism spectrum disorder and the drug therapies with the potential to treat this deficit. A review of the history of autism demonstrates that a deficit in social interaction has been the defining feature of the concept of autism from its conception. Abnormalities identified in early social skill development and an overview of the pathophysiology abnormalities associated with autism spectrum disorder are discussed as are the abnormalities in brain circuits associated with the social function deficit. Previous and ongoing clinical tria...
Source: CNS Drugs - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractIdentification of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been occurring at earlier ages, leading to a need for interventions that suit this age range. Because young children ’s development is highly dependent on adults and positive adult relationships, fields that traditionally have success in treating ASD, such as Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), must explicitly consider relationships. At the same time, Infant/Early Childhood Mental Health (I/ECMH) specialists that h ave traditionally focused on the parent and child relationship must recognize the importance of addressing atypical or difficult child behavior as ...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
AbstractDepression has long been a clinical concern in youth with autism, yet systematic research examining its prevalence, presentation, and treatment has only begun to emerge more recently. Using the search termsautism,asd, orautistic anddepression,depressive,dysthymia, ordysthymic, this systematic review identified 43 articles focused on symptoms of depression in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders published between 2012 and 2016. The results of the review indicate that depression is more common in youth with autism spectrum disorders than in typically developing youth and is associated with a multit...
Source: Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
Conclusions Critical gaps in the literature are highlighted. Research in this area is especially limited for Down syndrome and fragile X syndrome. Future directions for taking learning theories into account in interventions for children with intellectual disability are discussed, with a focus on the importance of language input.
Source: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools - Category: Audiology Source Type: research
Conclusions This finding replicates and extends prior work on verb learning in children with ASD by demonstrating that they can attend to a novel verb's syntactic distribution absent relevant visual or social context, and they can use this information to assign the novel verb an appropriate meaning. We discuss points for future research, including examining individual differences that may impact success and contrasting social and nonsocial word-learning tasks directly.
Source: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools - Category: Audiology Source Type: research
Child and Adolescent Mental Health, EarlyView.
Source: Child and Adolescent Mental Health - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractThis review considers a link between prematurity and autism by comparing symptoms, physiological abnormalities, and behavior. It focuses on the bidirectional signaling between the microbiota and the brain, here defined as the microbiota-gut-vagus-heart-brain (MGVHB) axis and its systemic disruption accompanying altered neurodevelopment. Data derived from clinical and animal studies document increased prevalence of gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, cognitive, and behavioral symptoms in both premature and autistic children and suggest an incomplete maturation of the gut-blood barrier resulting in a “leaky gut,&...
Source: The Cerebellum - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Association study and mutation sequencing of genes on chromosome 15q11-q13 identified GABRG3 as a susceptibility gene for autism in Chinese Han population, Published online: 14 August 2018; doi:10.1038/s41398-018-0197-4Association study and mutation sequencing of genes on chromosome 15q11-q13 identified GABRG3 as a susceptibility gene for autism in Chinese Han population
Source: Translational Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
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