Dementia study adds to calls for more funding of music therapy

Music can help reduce symptoms but only 5% of care homes are using it effectively, finds reportThe symptoms of hundreds of thousands of vulnerable people with dementia could significantly improve by listening to and playing music, according to a report.The study, which compiled existing evidence as well as talking to experts, found music can help people with dementia recall information and reduce symptoms such as anxiety, agitation and aggression.Continue reading...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Dementia Mental health Social care Health policy Society Politics Public services policy UK news Source Type: news

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Abstract BACKGROUND: Behavioural and Psychiatric Symptoms in dementia (BPSD) tend to be a crucial and big problem in dementia. Anxiety several times remains under-diagnosed because it is often considered to be a psychological response to cognitive decline. As only the 10% of patients were correctly treated, the pharmacological treatment should be well- considered. The aim of this study was to evaluate three non-pharmacological interventions for the treatment of anxiety in dementia. METHODS: A cross-over randomised controlled trial with 60 participants (different types and stages of dementia) conducted in Gree...
Source: Behavioural Brain Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Behav Brain Res Source Type: research
Authors: Berardelli I, Belvisi D, Pasquini M, Fabbrini A, Petrini F, Fabbrini G Abstract Introduction: reviewed studies that assessed the treatment of psychiatric disturbances in Parkinson's disease and atypical parkinsonisms. Neuropsychiatric disturbances in these conditions are frequent and have a profound impact on quality of life of patients and of their caregivers. It is therefore important to be familiar with the appropriate pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions for treating these disorders. Areas covered: The authors searched for papers in English in Pubmed using the following keywords: Parkinso...
Source: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics - Category: Neurology Tags: Expert Rev Neurother Source Type: research
The value of music to people with dementia is widely acknowledged [1,2]. However, research into music and dementia is still a relatively new and developing field, and appears to have evolved fairly independently within different disciplines such as music therapy, psychology and nursing. Systematic reviews synthesise evidence about the effects of music, but tend to focus on one type of intervention or outcome variable, such as music therapy [3] or anxiety [4], and include only certain types of studies [5].
Source: Maturitas - Category: Primary Care Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Albeit the number of studies was limited, NPI improved ADL and depression in PWMSD. PMID: 31132836 [PubMed]
Source: Psychiatry Investigation - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry Investig Source Type: research
Abstract Anxiety is a major mental disorder in later life that impacts on activities of daily living and quality of life for adults living with dementia in nursing homes. The aim of this article was to systematically review nonpharmacological interventions for older adults living in nursing homes who experience comorbid anxiety and dementia. METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted across key databases (Cinahl, ASSIA, Cochrane reviews and trials, psycARTICLES, psycINFO, and PubMed) to identify studies measuring anxiety as an outcome for an intervention for older adults living with dementia in nurs...
Source: The Gerontologist - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research
For many, music from certain eras can bring back memories of better times. For others, music soothes anxiety or gets them pumped up for a workout. When it comes to people living with dementia, music can help in all of those ways, but it can also help cognition. Hospice organizations are keenly aware of the soothing power of music. Sometimes the music may be used casually, by the facility or the family, knowing that this is a type of music that the person who is in the dying process had always enjoyed. Increasingly, though, employing trained music therapists has been favored. Read the full article on HealthCentral about how...
Source: Minding Our Elders - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: The identified psychosocial interventions are effective at reducing symptoms of depression or anxiety in PWD experiencing these symptoms. This review is limited by the quality of studies, small sample sizes and the heterogeneity of the interventions, therefore high quality studies with larger sample sizes are required to test the efficacy of specific interventions such as CBT. PMID: 30328711 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Aging and Mental Health - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research
(Reuters Health) - Music therapy may improve depression and anxiety in dementia patients, a new analysis suggests.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Providing people with dementia who are in institutional care with at least five sessions of a music-based therapeutic intervention probably reduces depressive symptoms and improves overall behavioural problems at the end of treatment. It may also improve emotional well-being and quality of life and reduce anxiety, but may have little or no effect on agitation or aggression or on cognition. We are uncertain about effects on social behaviour and about long-term effects. Future studies should examine the duration of effects in relation to the overall duration of treatment and the number of sessions. PMID: 30...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
“Music is therapy. Music moves people. It connects people in ways that no other medium can. It pulls heart strings. It acts as medicine.” — Macklemore Much research over the years has centered on the potential, perceived and realized benefits of music. In fact, the area of study has blossomed, growing from the preliminary findings of earlier studies to recent ones that built upon them. What’s exciting is the widespread and diverse benefits that music offers to everyone, young, old and in-between. Musical training gives babies’ brains a boost. Even before babies can walk or talk, they can benef...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Brain and Behavior Creativity Happiness Health-related Motivation and Inspiration Research Self-Esteem Stress Coping Emotional Support Music Therapy musical therapy Source Type: blogs
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