Inhibiting 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase selectively targets breast cancer through AMPK activation.

CONCLUSIONS: Our work provides experimental evidence on the association of 6PGD with poor prognosis in breast cancer and suggests that 6PGD inhibition may represent a potential therapeutic strategy to augment chemotherapy efficacy in breast cancer. PMID: 29340974 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Transl Oncol Source Type: research

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This study identified chemotherapeutic agents that up-regulate programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1) and galectin-9 (Gal-9) in breast cancer cells. Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining was used to evaluate changes in PD-L1 and Gal-9 expression in the tumor tissue of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients who received anthracycline- and taxane-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy. To determine whether PD-L1 and Gal-9 expression changes were attributable directly to chemotherapeutics, MDA-MB-231 cells and HS578 T cells were treated with different concentrations of anthracycline and taxane. Expression levels of PD-L1 a...
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Conclusion: We propose a simple gene expression signature of only three RNA species could be employed clinically to predict pCR in TNBC patients receiving NAC.Cell Physiol Biochem 2018;48:2539 –2548
Source: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Conclusions: In our experience, the use of odx was concordant with published recommendations and had a positive cost impact. PMID: 30111977 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Current Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Curr Oncol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Most patients reported being satisfied with the vascular access used for their treatment. Improved education and understanding about the evidence-based requirements for vascular access are needed. Perceived risk factors for lymphedema remain variable and are not evidence-based. PMID: 30111976 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Current Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Curr Oncol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Despite widespread use of chemotherapy for patients with breast cancer, the type of venous access used for treatment varies significantly, as do perceptions about the risks of cvad use and the risk for lymphedema development. Further prospective studies are needed to identify best-practice strategies. PMID: 30111975 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Current Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Curr Oncol Source Type: research
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is typically aggressive, difficult to treat, and commonly metastasizes to the visceral organs and soft tissues, including the lungs and the brain. Taxanes represent the most effective and widely used therapeutic class in metastatic TNBC but possess limiting adverse effects that often result in a delay, reduction, or cessation of their use. DZ-2384 is a candidate microtubule-targeting agent with a distinct mechanism of action and strong activity in several preclinical cancer models, with reduced toxicities. DZ-2384 is highly effective in patient-derived taxane-sensitive and taxane-resist...
Source: Anti-Cancer Drugs - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Preclinical Reports Source Type: research
Contributors : Lan G Coffman ; Alex T Pearson ; Leonard G Frisbie ; Zackary Freeman ; Elizabeth L Christie ; David D Bowtell ; Ronald J BuckanovichSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensCarcinoma-associated mesenchymal stem cells (CA-MSCs) are critical stromal progenitor cells within the tumor microenvironment. We previously demonstrated that CA-MSCs differentially express BMP genes, promote tumor cell growth, increase cancer ‘stemness’ and chemotherapy resistance. Here we use RNA sequencing of normal omental MSCs and ovarian CA-MSCs to demonstrate CA-MSCs have gl...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research
SummaryIn the areas of chemotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy, several interesting and clinically relevant data were presented at the 2017 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium (SABCS). This short review focuses on dose-dense and/or sequential administration of adjuvant chemotherapy, provides an update on targeted therapies for HER2-positive and triple-negative breast cancer and summarizes new results in the field of immunotherapy.
Source: Memo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Longer progression - free survival versus standard chemotherapy for patients with germline BRCA1/2
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Gynecology, Oncology, Pharmacy, Journal, Source Type: news
This article will present feasible weight loss interventions, and will discuss practical implications of ongoing chemotherapy and endocrine therapy with regard to weight gain, and the impact of obesity on therapy-related conditions during breast cancer survivorship.
Source: CancerNetwork - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: news
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