The Blacklegged Tick, Ixodes scapularis: An Increasing Public Health Concern.
The Blacklegged Tick, Ixodes scapularis: An Increasing Public Health Concern. Trends Parasitol. 2018 Jan 11;: Authors: Eisen RJ, Eisen L Abstract In the United States, the blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis, is a vector of seven human pathogens, including those causing Lyme disease, anaplasmosis, babesiosis, Borrelia miyamotoi disease, Powassan virus disease, and ehrlichiosis associated with Ehrlichia muris eauclarensis. In addition to an accelerated rate of discovery of I. scapularis-borne pathogens over the past two decades, the geographic range of the tick, and incidence and range of I. scapularis-borne disease cases, have increased. Despite knowledge of when and where humans are most at risk of exposure to infected ticks, control of I. scapularis-borne diseases remains a challenge. Human vaccines are not available, and we lack solid evidence for other prevention and control methods to reduce human disease. The way forward is discussed. PMID: 29336985 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: December 2020Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery, Volume 22Author(s): Rahul Rahangdale, Arthur Alcantara Lima, Ashis Tayal, Nitin Bhanot, Thomas Scott
Publication date: Available online 13 July 2020Source: Veterinary MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Eda Baldan Toker, Gizem Aytogu, Berfin Kadiroglu, OzerAtes, Kadir Yesilbag
ConclusionResults illustrate the potential impact that individualization of case management directed toward postpartum WLWH could have on future outcomes. Scale up of a low effort, low cost intervention such as the one conducted at this clinic could significantly improve the retention and viral suppression rates of postpartum WLWH in the United States; specifically, in the Southern region where retention and viral suppression rates remain exceedingly low.
Immune responses triggered in 45 participants in phase one trial, without safety issues
Saying it plans to launch what will likely be one of the largest clinical trials the drug industry has seen before in less than two weeks, Moderna Inc. revealed more evidence from an early-stage trial of its potential vaccine that indicated it could be successful. Moderna (Nasdaq: MRNA) released the data from the first test of its Covid-19 vaccine after markets closed Tuesday, which included 42 of the 45 subjects originally enrolled in the NIH-led study (An additional 110 subjects were enrolled…
Conclusions: The findings highlight an enhanced risk of alcohol and substance use among individuals with severe depression and/or anxiety symptoms above what is seen among individuals with less severe symptomatology. In addition, this study shows a unique risk posed by the presence of depression on substance use. This study offers a framework for future studies to examine the causal mechanisms explaining the connection between psychiatric symptoms and alcohol/substance use. PMID: 32657223 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Some experts say a vaccine puffed in the nose would be better at protecting people from infection. But nasal vaccines won ’t be ready right away.
A CBS News Battleground Tracker poll released Sunday showed the coronavirus pandemic has shaped Mr. Trump's falling support in Florida and other swing states.
Committee Opinion No. 399: Management of Tick Bites and Lyme Disease During Pregnancy: (En français : Prise en charge des morsures de tiques et de la maladie de Lyme pendant la grossesse). J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2020 May;42(5):644-653 Authors: Smith GN, Moore KM, Hatchette TF, Nicholson J, Bowie W, Langley JM Abstract OBJECTIVE: Lyme disease is an emerging infection in Canada caused by the bacterium belonging to the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato species complex, which is transmitted via the bite of an infected blacklegged tick. Populations of blacklegged ticks continue to expand and are now es...
Abstract Ixodes scapularis is currently known to transmit 7 pathogens responsible for Lyme disease, anaplasmosis, babesiosis, tick-borne relapsing fever, ehrlichiosis, and Powassan encephalitis. Ixodes scapularis can also be colonized by endosymbiotic bacteria including those in the genus of Rickettsia. We screened 459 I. scapularis ticks submitted to the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station Tick Testing Laboratory with the objectives to (1) examine differences in infection prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Babesia microti, and Borrelia miyamotoi, (2) evaluate whether prevalence...