Influence of apocynin on cardiac remodeling in rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus

Increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in diabetes mellitus (DM) is an important mechanism leading to diabetic cardiomyopathy. Apocynin, a drug isolated from the herb Picrorhiza kurroa, is considered ...
Source: Cardiovascular Diabetology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original investigation Source Type: research

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AbstractHeart failure is one of the major cardiovascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and increases the risk of morbidity and mortality. Although active management for heart failure is needed in patients with T2DM, traditional treatment and some new class of antihyperglycemic drugs, such as glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists or dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors, could not reduce the risk of heart failure. Recent major trials demonstrated sodium –glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors improve prognosis of T2DM patients through prevention of heart failure. Both heart failur...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Authors: Selthofer-Relatić K, Kibel A, Delić-Brkljačić D, Bošnjak I Abstract Obesity is a risk factor for cardiometabolic and vascular diseases like arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus type 2, dyslipidaemia, and atherosclerosis. A special role in obesity-related syndromes is played by cardiac visceral obesity, which includes epicardial adipose tissue and intramyocardial fat, leading to cardiac steatosis; hypertensive heart disease; atherosclerosis of epicardial coronary artery disease; and ischemic cardiomyopathy, cardiac microcirculatory dysfunction, diabetic cardiomyopathy, and atrial fibrillation...
Source: Journal of Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to investigate the cardioprotective effect of kirenol against DCM and underlying the potential mechanisms in a type 2 diabetes mellitus model. Kirenol treatment significantly decreased high glucose-induced cardiofibroblasts proliferation and increased the cardiomyocytes viability, prevented the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and further attenuated cardiomyocytes apoptosis, accompanied by a reduction in apoptosis-related protein expression. Kirenol gavage could affect the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in a dose-dependent manner but not lower lipid profiles, and only decrease fast...
Source: J Cell Mol Med - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: J Cell Mol Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Water-soluble vitamins like B1, B3, B6, B7, B9 and B12 have notable effects in diabetes mellitus and its related complications like nephropathy, neuropathy, retinopathy and cardiomyopathy. PMID: 31526351 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Diabetes Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Curr Diabetes Rev Source Type: research
In conclusion, RA treatment could increase the activity of the antioxidant enzyme, suppress the oxidative stress, inflammation response and activation of NF-κB signaling, thereby improving blood glucose level and cardiac injury of GDM mice before and after delivery. PMID: 31518508 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Can J Physiol Pharmacol Source Type: research
Conclusion: Carvacrol protected against DCM in mice with T1DM and T2DM by restoring PI3K/AKT signaling-mediated GLUT4 membrane translocation and is a potential treatment of DCM.
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence, characteristics, and clinical significance of concomitant specific cardiomyopathies in subjects with bicuspid aortic valves (BAVs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1186 adults with BAV (850 males, mean age 56±14 years) at a single tertiary center were comprehensively reviewed. Left ventricular non-compaction, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy were confirmed when patients fulfilled current clinical and echocardiographic criteria. Clinical and echocardiographic characteristics, including comorbidit...
Source: Yonsei Medical Journal - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Yonsei Med J Source Type: research
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS) is an exfoliative skin syndrome that occurs as a reaction to an exotoxin released by Staphylococcus aureus, and most commonly occurs in children and adults with renal failure or immunocompromised. Patients can have variation of severity, from localized blisters to generalized skin exfoliation involving all body surfaces. SSSS can be life-threating and should be diagnosed and treated promptly. This is a case of 51 y/o woman with hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiomyopathy, and renal failure for which has been receiving hemodialysis (HD) for the past 4 years that present...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
In this study, there were significant differences between diastolic function parameters of the heart. The mitral isovolumic contraction time, contraction time, and isovolumic relaxation time values were different in the patients than in the controls (p
Source: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology and Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: American Heart Journal, Volume 216Author(s): Peter Czobor, Yun-Yi Hung, David Baer, Dana McGlothlin, Dana Weisshaar, Jonathan ZaroffBackgroundLight Chain (AL) and transthyretin (ATTR) amyloidosis are the most common forms of amyloid cardiomyopathy. Population based studies describing the epidemiology and clinical features of amyloid cardiomyopathy are often based in tertiary medical centers and thus may be limited by referral bias.Methods and ResultsWe performed a cohort study of 198 patients diagnosed and treated in the Kaiser Permanente Northern California health care system who had ...
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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