From Bad to Worse: Anemia on Admission and Hospital-Acquired Anemia

Background Anemia at hospitalization is often treated as an accompaniment to an underlying illness, without active investigation, despite its association with morbidity. Development of hospital-acquired anemia (HAA) has also been associated with increased risk for poor outcomes. Together, they may further heighten morbidity risk from bad to worse. Objectives The aims of this study were to (1) examine mortality, length of stay, and total charges in patients with present-on-admission (POA) anemia and (2) determine whether these are exacerbated by development of HAA. Design/Setting/Patients In this cohort investigation, from January 1, 2009, to August 31, 2011, a total of 44,483 patients with POA anemia were admitted to a single health system compared with a reference group of 48,640 without POA anemia or HAA. Measurements Data sources included the University HealthSystem Consortium database and electronic medical records. Risk-adjustment methods included logistic and linear regression models for mortality, length of stay, and total charges. Present-on-admission anemia was defined by administrative coding. Hospital-acquired anemia was determined by changes in hemoglobin values from the electronic medical record. Results Approximately one-half of the patients experienced worsening of anemia with development of HAA. Risk for death and resource use increased with increasing severity of HAA. Those who developed severe HAA had 2-fold greater odds for death; that is, mil...
Source: Journal of Patient Safety - Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Related Links:

Authors: Matsumoto Y, Hayashi H, Tahara K, Yasuda T, Tsubouchi S, Yamamoto Y, Mizuuchi T, Mori H, Sawada T Abstract Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) is a rare cause of chronic gastric hemorrhaging and iron deficiency anemia and is characterized by a distinctive endoscopic appearance. The main treatment of GAVE is endoscopic; however, medication is necessary in refractory cases. We herein report a 69-year-old woman with systemic sclerosis (SSc) who developed recurrent severe anemia after endoscopic treatment of GAVE that was successfully managed using intravenous cyclophosphamide (IVCY). The recurrence of GAVE...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Authors: Kishi S, Obata F, Miki H, Matsuura M, Nishimura K, Tamaki M, Kishi F, Murakami T, Abe H, Nagai K, Abe M, Doi T Abstract Light Chain Proximal Tubulopathy (LCPT) is a rare form of paraprotein-related kidney disease in which monoclonal free light chains damage the proximal renal tubular epithelial cells. We herein report the case of a 78-year-old woman who presented with anemia and kidney dysfunction. Serum and urine protein electrophoresis analyses revealed a monoclonal IgD and λ free light chains. Proximal tubular injury and the accumulation of λ light chains were found by kidney biopsy. Elect...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Publication date: 14 August 2018Source: Cell Reports, Volume 24, Issue 7Author(s): Lavina Sierra Tay, Vaidehi Krishnan, Haresh Sankar, Yu Lin Chong, Linda Shyue Huey Chuang, Tuan Zea Tan, Arun Mouli Kolinjivadi, Dennis Kappei, Yoshiaki ItoSummaryThe Fanconi anemia (FA) pathway is a pivotal genome maintenance network that orchestrates the repair of DNA interstrand crosslinks (ICLs). The tumor suppressors RUNX1 and RUNX3 were shown to regulate the FA pathway independent of their canonical transcription activities, by controlling the DNA damage-dependent chromatin association of FANCD2. Here, in further biochemical characteri...
Source: Cell Reports - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Özaltın F Abstract Sürmeli-Döven S, Delibaş A, Gürses İ, Kayacan UR, Coşkun-Yılmaz B, Esen K, Korkmaz E, Özaltın F. Hemolytic uremic syndrome and IgA nephropathy in a child: Coincidence or not? Turk J Pediatr 2018; 60: 81-85. A previously healthy 18-month old boy, presenting with diarrhea, anemia, thrombocytopenia and acute renal failure was admitted to our hospital. Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) was diagnosed with his clinical and laboratory findings. His stool was negative for Shiga toxin producing E. coli (STEC). During follow-up he developed respiratory distress, hypertrophic c...
Source: The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Turk J Pediatr Source Type: research
, Arsan S Abstract Çullas-İlarslan NE, Günay F, İleri DT, Elhan AH, Ertem M, Arsan S. Investigation of the frequency of iron insufficiency among infants in a population in which routine iron supplementation is implemented. Turk J Pediatr 2018; 60: 22-31. Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) represents the most common cause of anemia worldwide. Because of potential irreversible neurodevelopmental impairment, its prevention during infancy is essential. We aimed to investigate the frequency of iron insufficiency among infants in a population which routine iron supplementation is implemented; and to examine rela...
Source: The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Turk J Pediatr Source Type: research
Lower gastrointestinal bleeding is defined as occurring distal to the ligament of Treitz and presents as hematochezia, melena, or with anemia and positive fecal occult blood test. Imaging plays a pivotal role in the localization and treatment of lower gastrointestinal bleeds. Imaging tests in the workup of acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding include computed tomography (CT) angiography, nuclear medicine scintigraphy, and conventional catheter angiography. Catheter angiography can also be used to deliver treatment. Imaging tests in the workup of occult lower gastrointestinal bleeding include CT enterography and nuclear medicine Meckel scan.
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 December 2018Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 93Author(s): I.V. Byelinska, H.M. Kuznietsova, N.V. Dziubenko, O.V. Lynchak, T.V. Rybalchenko, Yu.I. Prylutskyy, O.A. Kyzyma, O. Ivankov, V.K. Rybalchenko, U. RitterAbstractThe application of pristine С60 fullerene aqueous colloid solution (C60FAS; 0.5 mg/kg body weight) for rats experienced acute colitis, either intraperitoneally or intrarectally (1) restores the colonic mucosa healing and epithelial barrier integrity, evidenced by autopsies and histological findings and the normalization of phenolsufonphthalein dye daily excretion; (...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
RBCs are the most abundant circulating cells in humans and typically comprise 35% to 45% of the blood volume (hematocrit). Anemia is associated with an increase in bleeding, and epidemiological studies have shown an association between an elevated hematocrit and thrombosis. RBCs may contribute to hemostasis and thrombosis via mechanisms that include platelet margination leading to an increase in the near-wall platelet concentration, blood viscosity, thrombin generation, and platelet activation. In this issue of the JCI, Klatt et al. report that binding of the Fas ligand FasL on the surface of platelets to its cognate recep...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Red blood cells (RBCs) influence rheology, and release ADP, ATP, and nitric oxide, suggesting a role for RBCs in hemostasis and thrombosis. Here, we provide evidence for a significant contribution of RBCs to thrombus formation. Anemic mice showed enhanced occlusion times upon injury of the carotid artery. A small population of RBCs was located to platelet thrombi and enhanced platelet activation by a direct cell contact via the FasL/FasR (CD95) pathway known to induce apoptosis. Activation of platelets in the presence of RBCs led to platelet FasL exposure that activated FasR on RBCs responsible for externalization of phosp...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionPreoperative CRT with CF and elective lymph node irradiation showed an acceptable toxicity and promising activity especially in ESCC.
Source: International Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
More News: Anemia | Databases & Libraries | Electronic Medical Records (EMR) | Hospitals | Study