Vascular Access in Critically Ill Pediatric Patients With Obesity*

Conclusions: Severe obesity is associated with decreased overall likelihood of placement of a vascular access device but increased likelihood of peripherally inserted central catheter placement and of device-related complications.
Source: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Feature Articles Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 15 December 2018Source: European Polymer JournalAuthor(s): Abhishek Gupta, Marek Kowalczuk, Wayne Heaselgrave, Stephen T. Britland, Claire Martin, Iza RadeckaAbstractWound treatment has increased in importance in the wound care sector due to the pervasiveness of chronic wounds in the high-risk population including, but not limited to, geriatric population, immunocompromised and obese patients. Furthermore, the number of people diagnosed with diabetes is rapidly growing. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the global diabetic occurrence has increased from 4.7% in 1980 to 8.5%...
Source: European Polymer Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Conclusion: Higher NLR in patients with Bell's palsy was associated with longer recovery time. NLR may be prognostic of recovery time in patients with Bell's palsy. PMID: 30545211 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research
The objective of this systematic review was to search for scientific evidence regarding the impact of periodontal therapy on serum levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6) in type 2 diabetics. A survey was conducted in five databases. Two researchers read titles and abstracts for initial selection and full text for inclusion. Data extraction and methodological quality assessment were performed. Four hundred and fifty-five studies were identified and 15 were included. Significant divergence on the effect of periodontal intervention on IL-6 levels in diabetics was observed among studies. The evaluation results of studies that controll...
Source: International Journal of Periodontics and Restorative Dentistry - Category: Dentistry Tags: Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 December 2018Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): C. Ludes, A. Labani, F. Severac, M.Y. Jeung, P. Leyendecker, C. Roy, M. OhanaAbstractPurposeTo qualitatively and quantitatively compare unenhanced ultra-low-dose chest computed tomography (ULD-CT) acquired at 80 kVp and 135 kVp.Materials and methodsFifty-one patients referred for unenhanced chest CT were prospectively included. There were 29 men and 22 women, with a mean age of 64.7 ± 11.6 (SD) years (range: 35–91 years) and a mean body mass index of 26.2 ± 6.3 (SD) (r...
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
This study aimed to measure the effects of duodenal-jejunal exclusion (DJE) on glycometabolism in non-obese type 2 diabetic rats, and to investigate the mechanisms. Goto–Kakizaki(GK) rats and Sprague–Dawley(SD) rats were divided into DJE operation groups and sham operation groups respectively. The glucose relative parameters were measured before and after operation. 8 weeks postoperation, the levels of the key regulators of intestinal gluconeogenesis and the crucial proteins of hepatic insulin signaling were evaluated. Postoperatively, the concentration of blood glucose declined and the insulin sensitivity was ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 December 2018Source: NeuroImageAuthor(s): Owen A. Williams, Yang An, Lori Beason-Held, Yuankai Huo, Luigi Ferrucci, Bennett A. Landman, Susan M. ResnickAbstractWhite matter microstructure can be measured with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). While increasing age is a predictor of white matter (WM) microstructure changes, roles of other possible modifiers, such as cardiovascular risk factors, APOE ε4 allele status and biological sex have not been clarified.We investigated 665 cognitively normal participants from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging (age 50–95, 56.7% fe...
Source: NeuroImage - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 December 2018Source: Obesity Research &Clinical PracticeAuthor(s): Doo Woong Lee, Sang Ah Lee, Dong-Woo Choi, Sung-In Jang, Eun-Cheol ParkAbstractBackground/ObjectiveThere are many methods for weight loss and they vary among people. Some are yet to be proven as appropriate regarding its physical or mental side effect. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between weight control success and depression by weight control behaviors (WCB) dividing them into appropriate and inappropriate.Subjects/MethodsWe used data from the 2016 Korea National Health and Nutrition Ex...
Source: Obesity Research and Clinical Practice - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research
In conclusion, both RH and RfH constitute challenges in clinical practice and should be addressed as distinct clinical entities by trained professionals who are capable to identify comorbidities and provide specific, diversified, and individualized treatment. PMID: 30525180 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The goal to reach a healthy weight is difficult. It is recommended that agencies that work with overweight and obesity problems provide people with the knowledge, strategies, alternatives, and needed activities from a biopsychosocial perspective to help adolescents with this health condition to be successful in reaching and keeping a healthy weight. PMID: 30548056 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: P R Health Sci J Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 December 2018Source: Molecular Aspects of MedicineAuthor(s): Denise Hoch, Martin Gauster, Sylvie Hauguel-de Mouzon, Gernot DesoyeAbstractEarly pregnancy is characterized by a series of complex and tightly regulated events to ultimately establish implantation and early placental development. One of the key events is the opening of the decidual spiral arteries into the intervillous space. It leads to a rise in oxygen tension in the intervillous space and the placenta and will induce transcriptional and translational changes of oxygen-sensitive molecules including antioxidants.Diabetes an...
Source: Molecular Aspects of Medicine - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
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