Marriage and Mania: Disparate Depictions of Bipolar Disorder in Mainstream Romance Novels

When characters with mental illness appear in popular fiction, it is typically because the work itself focuses on the mental illness. However, there is a small contingent of fictional projects that have characters with mental illness that do not make that illness the central plot. These books follow the typical narrative arc and literary conventions of their genre and include conflicts unrelated to mental illness; psychiatric disorder is featured but defines neither the character nor the book.   Authors writing about mental illness, however small or large a part of the plot, can raise public awareness and understanding or can strengthen harmful misconceptions. Two recent romance novels, both of which include a character with bipolar disorder, present strikingly different viewpoints in many respects. In Promises Under the Peach Tree by Joanne Rock, a Harlequin Super Romance published in September 2014, Mack Finley and his high school sweetheart Nina Spencer are reunited in their hometown of Heartache, Tennessee, after a separation of many years. Nina is fleeing a failed business venture in New York City; Mack has returned because his brother Scott’s marriage is on the rocks. Readers learn that Mack and Nina were driven apart by tragic events surrounding their graduation; however, their relationship faced additional challenges because of Mack’s commitment to avoid fathering children. Growing up with a mother who suffered from bipolar disorder, Mack experienced...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Bipolar Essays Policy and Advocacy Psychology Women's Issues Bipolar Disorder Compassion Empathy genre fiction mania Manic Episode romance novels Stigma Stigmatization Source Type: news

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Conclusion: In addition to considering other risk factors for postpartum depression, health care providers should consider the higher probability of PPD in prepregnancy normal and overweight women who have excessive weight gain especially in the third trimester of pregnancy. PMID: 30420921 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research
Cameron Underwood, who battled depression for years, was 24 when he tried to take his own life with a shotgun in June 2016 after drinking all day. A year-and-a-half later he had surgery in New York.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Conclusions:The SQS possesses favorable measurement characteristics relative to lengthier or more frequently administered sleep questionnaires in patients with insomnia and depression.Clinical Trial Registration:Registry: ClincalTrials.gov, Title: Treatment of Patients With Major Depressive Disorder With MK0869, Identifier: NCT00034983, URL:https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00034983Citation:Snyder E, Cai B, DeMuro C, Morrison MF, Ball W. A new single-item sleep quality scale: results of psychometric evaluation in patients with chronic primary insomnia and depression.J Clin Sleep Med. 2018;14(11):1849–1857.
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Changes in hippocampal function are believed to play a role in the onset of psychosis. Astudy published today inJAMA Psychiatry suggests that the concentration of the neurotransmitter glutamate and several other metabolites in the hippocampus may offer clues about patients who are most likely to transition to psychosis.The findings suggest that measuring hippocampal metabolites could help psychiatrists better predict outcomes in patients at risk of developing psychosis.For the study, Matthijs G. Bossong, Ph.D., of the University Medical Center Utrecht in the Netherlands and colleagues used an imaging technique known as pro...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: functioning glutamate hippocampus JAMA Psychiatry Juan R. Bustillo Matthijs G. Bossong metabolites proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy psychosis Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 November 2018Source: Physiology &BehaviorAuthor(s): Xiaoxian Xie, Qichen Shen, Lisha Cao, Yangyang Chen, Lingyan Ma, Qingfeng Xiao, Chunan Yu, Zhengwei FuAbstractDepression has been associated with circadian disruption and premature aging. Nevertheless, mechanisms underlying the link between long-term stress with premature aging and possible associations with circadian rhythms remain elusive. Here, mice were exposed to chronic mild stress for 16 weeks to induce depression-like symptoms, which were confirmed with the open field test, tail suspension test, and sucrose preference te...
Source: Physiology and Behavior - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 November 2018Source: Plant Physiology and BiochemistryAuthor(s): Marco Santin, Luigi Lucini, Antonella Castagna, Gabriele Rocchetti, Marie-Theres Hauser, Annamaria RanieriAbstractUltraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation impacts the plant behaviour in many ways, including modifying their secondary metabolism. Although several studies have quantified the UV-B effects on phenolic composition, most of them focused on leaves or investigated a limited amount of phenolics. The present work aimed to investigate the phenolic changes after two postharvest UV-B treatments, 10 and 60 min (1.39 kJ m&mi...
Source: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 November 2018Source: Comptes Rendus ChimieAuthor(s): William Nicolazzi, Azzedine BousseksouAbstractFundamental aspects of spin crossover (SCO) mechanisms are reviewed through considerations of ligand/crystal field theory, thermodynamics, and modeling of the thermoinduced spin transition in the solid state based on macroscopic–mesoscopic approaches . In particular, we highlight success of thermodynamic models in the simulation of first-order spin transitions with hysteretic behaviors (bistability) and multistep conversions. Bistability properties originate from elastic interaction...
Source: Comptes Rendus Chimie - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe NPS-ASP appears to be a good parameter to assess sperm function and would be a useful tool to detect chromosomal translocations. Four redundant regions have been identified on four chromosomes, suggesting that they may contain genes of interest to study sperm functions.
Source: Reproductive BioMedicine Online - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: While addressing individual factors associated with sleep disturbances, it is also important to emphasize the needs arising from the patient-carer dyadic relationship. While a number of non-pharmacological interventions were suggested in the literature, further well-controlled trials are still required. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Multiple approaches are required to reduce sleep disturbances and associated burden in PD. PMID: 30422081 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Gerontologist - Category: Geriatrics Tags: Clin Gerontol Source Type: research
This study aims to determine key genes and pathways that could play important roles in the spermatogenic process of patients with cryptorchidism. The identification of these molecules and pathways may help in understanding the etiology of cryptorchidism, and thereby reduce the incidence of cryptorchidism-induced azoospermia. The gene expression profile data of GSE25518 was obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Microarray data were analyzed using BRB-Array Tools to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between high azoospermia risk (HAZR) patients and controls. In addition, other analytical meth...
Source: Genes and Diseases - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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