Septic Arthritis of the Wrist.

Septic Arthritis of the Wrist. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2018 Jan 11;: Authors: Jennings JD, Ilyas AM Abstract Septic arthritis of the wrist is an uncommon condition, but one that can result in substantial morbidity. Timely identification and treatment is critical to patient care. No serum laboratory values have been shown to consistently confirm wrist joint infection. Thus, diagnosis is made based mainly on a thorough patient history, physical examination, and joint aspiration. When infection is suspected, aspiration of the wrist should be performed to confirm the diagnosis. Broad-spectrum antibiotics and joint aspiration or surgery are required to manage the infection and prevent sequelae. PMID: 29329124 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Am Acad Orthop Surg Source Type: research

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Septic arthritis is a dangerous medical condition associated with significant morbidity and mortality. However, the differential diagnosis can be broad with conditions that mimic this disease and require different evaluation and treatment. This narrative review presents the emergency medicine evaluation and management, as well as important medical conditions that may mimic this disease. Septic arthritis commonly presents with monoarticular joint pain with erythema, warmth, swelling, and pain on palpation and movement. Fever is present in many patients, though most are low grade. Blood testing and imaging may assist with th...
Source: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions: The Gram stain result is a poor screening tool for the detection of SA and is particularly ineffective for the detection of gram-negative organisms. The clinical relevance of the Gram stain and cost-effectiveness of this test performed on every joint aspiration sent for culture requires additional evaluation. Patients with gram-negative SA may be at high risk for inadequate coverage with empiric antibiotics due to poor detection of gram-negative organisms on initial Gram stain. Level of Evidence: Level III—case-control study.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Infection Source Type: research
Background: Recently the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery and the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education have identified the treatment of septic arthritis of the hip in children as a milestone skill for all US orthopaedic residents. The purpose of this study was to test correlation between clinical knowledge and examination score on a mobile app-based training module for the treatment of pediatric septic hip arthritis. Methods: A 4-part simulation model on surgical decision-making associated with the treatment of pediatric septic arthritis was developed through expert consensus. Orthopaedic trainees ...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Infection Source Type: research
Aim: Audit the compliance to guidelines when joint aspiration samples are sent for laboratory analysis to investigate septic arthritis. Guidelines at local hospital based, British Medical Journal best practice and systematic review. The likelihood ratio (LR) of septic arthritis with cell count>100000 is 28.0 and LR when polymorphonuclear cell count is at least 90% is 3.4
Source: International Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractTo assess the diagnostic value of ultrasound-guided (US-guided) synovial biopsy in routine clinical practice in cases of acute and chronic arthritis. A retrospective, single-center study of US-guided synovial biopsies between 2003 and 2013. The clinical, laboratory, radiographic, synovial fluid, and histological and bacteriological results of synovial biopsies were analyzed. Arthritis was classified according to disease duration
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Septic arthritis must be considered in the setting of an acute hot and swollen joint. This disease entity is disabling and potentially life-threatening, destroying cartilage within days of onset, and with a reported mortality rate of 5%-50%.1-8 A delay in diagnosis has been described as a major contributor to poor outcome.2,4,7-9
Source: Seminars in Roentgenology - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
We sought to identify trends in variables that may serve as contraindications to performing image-guided joint aspiration for suspected septic arthritis.
Source: Seminars in Roentgenology - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
We present a case of a 56-year-old Bangladeshi woman who underwent focused right inferior parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism from a right inferior parathyroid adenoma. On the first post-operative day, she complained of left elbow painful swelling with redness and warmth. Arthrocentesis of left elbow was done due to suspicion of septic arthritis. Two weeks prior to this surgery, she had sudden bilateral knee swelling was diagnosed in her home country of bilateral knee osteoarthritis with effusion and arthrocentesis showed no crystals. Aspiration of left elbow showed calcium pyrophosphate crystals, associated ...
Source: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann R Coll Surg Engl Source Type: research
Infection, crystal arthropathies, osteoarthritis, trauma and a variety of systemic diseases can all lead to a painful, swollen peripheral joint, septic arthritis being the most serious cause. Synovial fluid (SF) analysis is widely used to aid the diagnosis and management of both acute and chronic arthritis, and can be diagnostic in patients with bacterial infections or crystal-induced synovitis. Physicians competent in joint aspiration should be encouraged to do this unless they are dealing with a suspected infected prosthetic joint, which should be aspirated in theatre under strict asepsis.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Assessment of the rheumatological patient Source Type: research
This report describes the case of a 7-year-old boy who had pain in his right ear and limited mouth opening, following the onset of acute otitis media. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan revealed right-sided mastoiditis and hydrops of the right temporomandibular joint, suggesting septic arthritis. Real-time PCR and microbiologic analysis identified Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus epidermidis in the joint aspirate. Treatment with arthrocentesis and antibiotics led to full recovery of temporomandibular joint function.
Source: Quintessence International - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
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