The cardiovascular effect of incretin-based therapies among type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and network meta-analysis.

CONCLUSIONS: Incretin-based therapies show similar cardiovascular risk in comparison with metformin, insulin, thiazolidinediones, alpha-glucosidase inhibitor and sodium-glucose co-transporter 2. GLP-1RA could decrease the risk compared with sulfonylurea or placebo, while DPP-4I appears to have neutral effect on cardiovascular risk. PMID: 29320889 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Drug Saf Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 29 September 2018Source: American Heart JournalAuthor(s): Aruna D. Pradhan, Nina P. Paynter, Brendan M. Everett, Robert J. Glynn, Pierre Amarenco, Marshall Elam, Henry Ginsberg, William R. Hiatt, Shun Ishibashi, Wolfgang Koenig, Børge G. Nordestgaard, Jean-Charles Fruchart, Peter Libby, Paul M RidkerAbstractObservational, genetic, and experimental data indicate that triglyceride rich lipoproteins (TRLs) likely participate causally in atherothrombosis. Yet, robust clinical trial evidence that triglyceride (TG) lowering therapy reduces cardiovascular events remains elusive. The selec...
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Authors: Madievsky R Abstract Type 2 diabetes mellitus often goes hand in hand with cardiovascular and renal comorbidities. Stroke, myocardial infarction, heart failure, and chronic kidney disease are high-risk complications of type 2 diabetes that contribute to morbidity and mortality. Recent clinical trials have uncovered evidence that certain antidiabetic agents may confer cardiovascular and/or renal benefits such as reduced cardiovascular and all-cause mortality and reduced need for renal replacement therapy. Two landmark trials in particular, EMPA-REG OUTCOME (Empagliflozin, Cardiovascular Outcomes, and Mortal...
Source: The Permanente journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Perm J Source Type: research
ConclusionThe results from the VERTIS-CV trial will define the CV and renal safety and efficacy of ertugliflozin in patients with T2DM and ASCVD.ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01986881
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 1 September 2018Source: Indian Heart JournalAuthor(s): A.K. PancholiaAbstractPatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) exhibit an increased risk for cardiovascular (CV) events. Hyperglycemia itself contributes to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and heart failure (HF) in these patients, but glucose-lowering strategies studied to date have had little or no impact on reducing CV risk, especially in patients with a long duration of T2DM and prevalent CV disease (CVD). Sodium glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2)-inhibitors are the new class of glucose lowering medications that increase urin...
Source: Indian Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review aims to summarize and discuss heart failure outcomes for current glucose-lowering agents in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.Recent FindingsCurrent regulations require cardiovascular outcomes trials for new glucose-lowering therapies to establish that there is no unacceptable increase in cardiovascular risk prior to approval. These cardiovascular outcomes trials include glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists, dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors, and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors. Overall, 87,162 patients have been studied in 10 published cardiovascular outcomes trials...
Source: Current Cardiology Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Authors: Raskin P, Cincotta AH Abstract An extended series of studies indicate that endogenous phase shifts in circadian neuronal input signaling to the biological clock system centered within the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) facilitates shifts in metabolic status. In particular, a diminution of the circadian peak in dopaminergic input to the peri-SCN facilitates the onset of fattening, insulin resistance and glucose intolerance while reversal of low circadian peak dopaminergic activity to the peri-SCN via direct timed dopamine administration to this area normalizes the obese, insulin resistant, gluco...
Source: Expert Review of Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
Publication date: April 2018Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes, Volume 42, Issue 2Author(s): Martin H. Strauss, Alistair S. HallAbstractThe renin angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS) plays a central role in the pathophysiology of hypertension and vascular disease. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi's) suppress angiotensin II (ANG II) concentrations, whereas angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor blockers (ARBs) block the binding of ANG II to AT1 receptors. ACEi's and ARBs are both effective antihypertensive agents and produce similar risk reductions for stroke, a blood pressure-dependent phenomenon. ACEi's als...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionsHarmony Outcomes will assess the CV safety of albiglutide in patients with T2DM and CV disease. Trials of other agents in the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist class have shown CV benefit for only some of these medications, possibly due to differences in trial design or instead due to differences in drug structure or metabolism. Harmony Outcomes will provide information critical to our understanding of this heterogenous class of glucose-lowering agents.
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: April 2018Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes, Volume 42, Issue 2Author(s): Martin H. Strauss, Alistair S. HallAbstractThe renin angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS) plays a central role in the pathophysiology of hypertension and vascular disease. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi's) suppress angiotensin II (ANG II) concentrations, whereas angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor blockers (ARBs) block the binding of ANG II to AT1 receptors. ACEi's and ARBs are both effective antihypertensive agents and produce similar risk reductions for stroke, a blood pressure-dependent phenomenon. ACEi's als...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionsHarmony Outcomes will assess the CV safety of albiglutide in patients with T2DM and CV disease. Trials of other agents in the GLP-1 RA class have shown CV benefit for only some of these medications, possibly due to differences in trial design or instead due to differences in drug structure or metabolism. Harmony Outcomes will provide information critical to our understanding of this heterogenous class of glucose-lowering agents.
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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