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Asthma in America Carries $82 Billion Price Tag

Title: Asthma in America Carries $82 Billion Price TagCategory: Health NewsCreated: 1/12/2018 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 1/12/2018 12:00:00 AM
Source: MedicineNet Asthma General - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: news

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The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of an evidence-based pediatric EMS asthma protocol update, inclusive of oral glucocorticoid administration, on time to hospital discharge. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of children (2-18 years) with an acute asthma exacerbation transported by an urban EMS system to 10 emergency departments over 2 years. The investigators implemented an EMS protocol update one year into the study period requiring glucocorticoid administration for all patients, with the major change being inclusion of oral dexamethasone (0.6 mg/kg, max. dose = 10 ...
Source: Prehospital Emergency Care - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Prehosp Emerg Care Source Type: research
Authors: Vancampfort D, Stubbs B, Hallgren M, Lundin A, Mugisha J, Koyanagi A Abstract We investigated physical activity (PA) correlates among middle-aged and older adults (aged ≥50 years) with hazardous drinking patterns in six low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs). Cross-sectional data were analyzed from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health. Hazardous drinking was defined as consuming>7 (females) or>14 (males) standard drinks per week. Participants were dichotomized into low (i.e. not meeting 150 minutes of moderate PA / week) and moderate-to-high physically active gr...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: There is no evidence in the existing literature that indicates a reduction in nasal airway induced by exercise. Olfaction and mucociliary transport time are affected in swimmers, which can likely be attributed to chlorine irritation and which resolves with training cessation. Short-term strenuous exercise may trigger changes in cytology and prolonged mucociliary transport time, which also resolve quickly with rest. PMID: 29343306 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research
Authors: Jassal MS, Butz A Abstract The multiple socioecological determinants of asthma mandate that pediatricians develop a treatment strategy beyond the practice-based setting. To expand to a more impactful community-based role, pediatricians must look to form partnerships with groups that are capable of promoting social and environmental change. Traditionally, these groups have included schools, governmental agencies, and child care establishments. One group that is not actively being availed of are employers who have shown success in improving adult-based outcomes through wellness programs. Employers are stakeh...
Source: Journal of Asthma - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Asthma Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2018 Source:Pharmacology & Therapeutics Author(s): Cindy Barnig, Nelly Frossard, Bruce D. Levy Asthma is a chronic disorder characterized by persistent inflammation of the airways with mucosal infiltration of eosinophils, T lymphocytes, and mast cells, and release of proinflammatory cytokines and lipid mediators. The natural resolution of airway inflammation is now recognized as an active host response, with highly coordinated cellular events under the control of endogenous pro-resolving mediators that enable the restoration of tissue homeostasis. Lead members of proresolv...
Source: Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Lei W, Zeng D, Liu G, Zhu Y, Wang J, Wu H, Jiang J, Huang J Abstract The aim of the present study was to explore the roles of OX40/OX40 ligand (OX40L) signaling and OX40+ T cells in ovalbumin (OVA)‑induced mouse asthma model. Asthma was induced by OVA exposure and subsequent co‑treatment with OX40L protein, neutralizing anti‑OX40L blocking antibody, OX40+ T cells or PBS. The protein expression levels of interleukin (IL)‑4, IL‑6, IL‑13, IL‑17, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)‑α and interferon (IFN)‑γ in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were examined using murine cytokine‑specif...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
Dr Arefa Cassoobhoy comments on a trial that compares two methods of'retraining'asthma patients in breathing techniques.
Source: Medscape Medscape Podcast - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: podcasts
Dr Arefa Cassoobhoy comments on a trial that compares two methods of'retraining'asthma patients in breathing techniques.Medscape Internal Medicine
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Internal Medicine Commentary Source Type: news
To examine the epidemiology of eczema herpeticum (EH), a condition characterized by viral infection concomitant with a preexisting inflammatory dermatosis, Hsu and colleagues assessed more than 5 million pediatric discharge records from 11 years of nationwide inpatient data in the United States. Non-whites, especially Asians, were at increased risk for hospitalization for EH. Other risk factors included younger age, location in metropolitan areas, and higher income quartiles. While mortality was minimal, comorbidities included atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, asthma, eye infections, bacterial/fungal infections, and septicemia.
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
(VIB (the Flanders Institute for Biotechnology)) Scientists from VIB-UGent have discovered insights for a possible new therapy for eczema that also reduces the severity of asthma. The findings are an important next step in understanding the relationship between the two inflammatory diseases and to developing effective therapies. The results of the study are published in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
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