Investigation of cancer associated fibroblasts and p62 expression in oral cancer before and after chemotherapy

The aim of this study is to investigate the expression of the autophagy protein p62 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells before and after chemotherapy. We also detected cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) in these OSCC samples to explore the roles of p62 and CAFs in chemotherapy.
Source: Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research

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ogelio González-González Ronell Bologna-Molina This manuscript provides an update to the literature on molecules with roles in tumor resistance therapy in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Although significant improvements have been made in the treatment for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, physicians face yet another challenge—that of preserving oral functions, which involves the use of multidisciplinary therapies, such as multiple chemotherapies (CT) and radiotherapy (RT). Designing personalized therapeutic options requires the study of genes involved in drug resistance. T...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Learning Objectives: After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Characterize basal and squamous cell carcinomas as low or high risk based on size, location, histology, and clinical features. 2. Understand appropriate surgical margins in low- and high-risk lesions, and other management options, including Mohs micrographic surgery, electrodissection and curettage, topical agents, cryotherapy, photodynamic therapy, and radiation therapy. 3. Discuss adjuvant therapies for locally advanced and metastatic disease, including radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapies such as hedgehog pathway...
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: CME Source Type: research
The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines recommend that head and neck mucosal squamous cell carcinoma patients with extranodal extension (ENE) or positive margins should receive post-operative chemoradiation (POCRT) [1]. These guidelines are based on the results of two landmark randomized controlled trials that demonstrated that these high-risk patients have improved disease-free survival and progression-free survival when treated with POCRT compared with post-operative radiation therapy (PORT) alone [2 –5].
Source: Oral Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
In conclusion, apatinib shows some efficacy in heavily treated NSCLC and generally tolerable toxicity in non-squamous NSCLC. More solid evidence will be accessible in near future.
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2018Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Benjamin Solomon, Richard J. Young, Danny RischinAbstractHead and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) comprises a heterogeneous group of tumors that arise from the squamous epithelium of the oral cavity, oropharynx, larynx and hypopharynx. While many HNSCCs are related to classical etiologic factors of smoking and alcohol, a clinically, genomically, and immunologically distinct subgroup of tumors arise from the epithelium of the tonsil and the base of tongue as a result of infection with Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). In this revi...
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, apatinib shows some efficacy in heavily treated NSCLC and generally tolerable toxicity in non-squamous NSCLC. More solid evidence will be accessible in near future.
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2018Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Benjamin Solomon, Richard J. Young, Danny RischinAbstractHead and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) comprises a heterogeneous group of tumors that arise from the squamous epithelium of the oral cavity, oropharynx, larynx and hypopharynx. While many HNSCCs are related to classical etiologic factors of smoking and alcohol, a clinically, genomically, and immunologically distinct subgroup of tumors arise from the epithelium of the tonsil and the base of tongue as a result of infection with Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). In this revi...
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, to identify the sublocalization characteristics of miRNAs induced by chemotherapy, especially the specific mitochondrial localization of miRNA, we profile the expression of miRNAs in cisplatin-resistant and parental TSCC cells using miRNA microarrays.
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Non-coding RNA profiling by array Homo sapiens Source Type: research
Authors: Appah EO, Ballard BR, Izban MG, Jolin C, Lammers PE, Parrish DD, Marshall DR Abstract Oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC) has a median age at diagnosis of 62 years. The incidence of OTSCC in young adults has been increasing, and the reason is unclear. The present study describes a case, and molecular analysis, of OTSCC in a 21-year-old female. Clinical and pathological information were collected from medical records. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded biopsy tissue from the patient was reassessed using standard hematoxylin &eosin staining, and immunohistochemistry was used to assess the expressio...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
ConclusionsClinicopathological features and survival outcomes in the PBM-treated patients were similar to previously published data for conventional treatments in patients with advanced OSCC. In this study, prophylactic use of PBM therapy did not impact treatment outcomes of the primary cancer, recurrence or new primary tumors, or survival in advanced OSCC patients.
Source: Supportive Care in Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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