Polysomnography-Detected Bruxism in Children is Associated With Somatic Complaints But Not Anxiety

Conclusions:Results indicate poor concordance between PSG-detected and parent-reported SB in children, suggesting that parent report alone is not a reliable method for detection. The lack of association between SB and anxiety status suggests that stress sensitivity rather than anxietyper se may be predictive of SB. Associations between SB, somatic symptoms, and sleep disturbance are congruent with the broader literature.Citation:Alfano CA, Bower JL, Meers JM. Polysomnography-detected bruxism in children is associated with somatic complaints but not anxiety.J Clin Sleep Med. 2018;14(1):23–29.
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research

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Managing Acute Insomnia in Prison: Evaluation of a "One-Shot" Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) Intervention. Behav Sleep Med. 2018 Oct 05;:1-10 Authors: Randall C, Nowakowski S, Ellis JG Abstract OBJECTIVES/BACKGROUND: Insomnia is a serious condition that affects over 60% of the prison population and has been associated with aggression, anger, impulsivity, suicidality, and increased prison health care use. Nonpharmacological interventions for prison inmates are scarce despite the high prevalence and significant consequences of insomnia among those incarcerated. The aim of th...
Source: Behavioral Sleep Medicine - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Behav Sleep Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: It has been affirmed that sleep quality is crucial in the changes of distress, pain and general well-being in cancer patients. It affirms that the visual analogue scales assessing sleep quality and fatigue - besides sleep quality and fatigue - are acceptable screening tools of distress and decreased well-being. Their use in clinical practice is recommended for screening in cancer patients and providing indications for onco-psychological treatment. Orv Hetil. 2018; 159(42): 1720-1726. PMID: 30334487 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Orvosi Hetilap - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Orv Hetil Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: More than 50% of respondents expressed some degree of depressive and anxiety symptoms (68.5% and 54.4%, respectively). Approximately 9% of respondents exhibited moderately severe to severe depressive symptoms; 5.8% exhibited severe anxiety symptoms. Respondents reporting regular exercise, higher self-confidence, and better satisfaction with both friendship and academic performance had fewer depressive and anxiety symptoms. PMID: 30245480 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Hong Kong Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Hong Kong Med J Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 September 2018Source: Brain StimulationAuthor(s): Gretchen J. Diefenbach, Liron Rabany, Lauren S. Hallion, David F. Tolin, John W. Goethe, Ralitza Gueorguieva, Luis Zertuche, Michal Assaf
Source: Brain Stimulation - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
y M Abstract Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common and debilitating inflammatory dermatological disorder and is marked by itch and inflamed skin. Scratching, sleep loss, and avoidance of situations associated with more AD symptoms are central hypothesized mechanisms that perpetuate the disorder and cause reduced quality of life. We developed an exposure-based cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) that entailed mindfulness practice as a means to increase tolerance for aversive experiences during exposure. The aim of the present study was to test the treatment's acceptability and preliminary efficacy in adults with AD. ...
Source: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Cogn Behav Ther Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Both interventions showed similar improvements at 6 and 9 months, but symptoms remained that might require care. Either intervention or a combination may be useful for low-income older adults with identified worry/anxiety. PMID: 30224269 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Am J Geriatr Psychia... - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research
Abstract Poor health outcomes associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may reflect engagement in unhealthy behaviors that increase morbidity risk and disengagement in healthy behaviors that decrease morbidity risk. Although research supports this pattern, findings are not definitive, particularly for healthy behaviors. Many studies have not controlled for effects of concurrent generalized anxiety and depression, which might explain conflicting findings. To address this limitation, we used an online cross-sectional research design and multivariate multilevel modelling to evaluate associations between a ...
Source: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Cogn Behav Ther Source Type: research
Authors: Chenini S, Arnulf I, Monaca CC, Ghorayeb I Abstract Dopaminergic agonists, α2δ ligands and opioids are, as single-drug therapy, the first line treatment for restless legs syndrome (RLS/Willis-Ekbom disease). However, despite treatment efficacy, exacerbations of RLS may occur with overall worsening in symptoms severity, development of pain and symptoms spreading to other parts of the body, without meeting augmentation syndrome criteria. This development of "drug-resistant" RLS can cause pain, severe insomnia and psychiatric disorders that affect considerably patients' quality of life. ...
Source: Revue Neurologique - Category: Neurology Tags: Rev Neurol (Paris) Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The EMR can be used to effectively structure and standardize headache clinic visits for quality improvement and practice-based research. We are sharing our proprietary toolkit with other clinics as part of the Neurology Practice-Based Research Network. These tools are also facilitating clinical research enrollment and a pragmatic trial of comparative effectiveness at the point-of-care among migraine patients. PMID: 30066412 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Headache - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Headache Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe present study is the first randomized sham-controlled study to assess the effectiveness of low frequency rTMS on the right parietal lobe in patients with comorbid GAD and insomnia. Our results suggested that 1 Hz low frequency rTMS administered over the parietal cortex is effective for both anxiety and insomnia symptoms in patients with comorbid GAD and insomnia.
Source: Brain Stimulation - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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