Flu epidemic hits US, hospitalizations climb during peak season

The flu has closed schools in Tennessee, Alabama, Idaho, N. Carolina and Texas.
Source: ABC News: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

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Authors: Fraile M, Barreiro Alonso E, de la Vega J, Rodríguez M, García-López R, Rodríguez M Abstract INTRODUCTION: Since June 2016, there has been an increase in cases of acute hepatitis A (AHA) in several European countries, mainly affecting men who have sex with men (MSM). The aim was to know the characteristics of AHA diagnosed in recent months, comparing them with a previous series. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All cases of AHA diagnosed in adults between November 2016 and December 2017 (G-I; n=108) were prospectively collected and compared with a series also prospectively collected be...
Source: Medicina Clinica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med Clin (Barc) Source Type: research
ConclusionsImplementing health interventions continuously throughout the life span and in combination with other interventions could substantially halt the obesity and the type 2 diabetes epidemics.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: 20–26 October 2018Source: The Lancet, Volume 392, Issue 10156Author(s): Ngozi A Erondu, Jerry Martin, Robert Marten, Gorik Ooms, Robert Yates, David L HeymannSummaryIn the wake of the recent west African Ebola epidemic, there is global consensus on the need for strong health systems; however, agreement is less apparent on effective mechanisms for establishing and maintaining these systems, particularly in resource-constrained settings and in the presence of multiple and sustained stresses (eg, conflict, famine, climate change, and globalisation). The construction of the International Health Regulati...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that having strong community social resources will reduce AGYW's risk of HIV acquisition. Work to mobilize communities, focusing on building social cohesion, shared concerns, critical consciousness, and effective and accountable leadership, can fortify prevention programming for AGYW. PMID: 30334377 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
Contributors : Claudia S ánchez San Martín ; Tony Li ; Jerome Bouquet ; Jessica Streithorst ; Guixia Yu ; Aditi Paranjpe ; Charles Y ChiuSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensZika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging, mosquito-borne pathogen associated with a widespread 2015 –2016 epidemic in the Western Hemisphere and a proven cause of microcephaly and other fetal brain defects in infants born to infected mothers. ZIKV infections have been also linked to other neurological illnesses in infected adults and children, including Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), ...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research
Atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF) both have become major cardiovascular epidemics, adversely affecting quality of life, decreasing longevity, and imparting a large economic burden on the healthcare system. Both share similar risk factors and frequently coexist, leading to increased morbidity and mortality relative to patients with either condition alone. Although evidence-based treatment guidelines for both diseases exist, consensus treatment strategies are less clear when AF and HF co-occur.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Emergency Medicine providers are grappling with the dual challenges of adequately treating pain while avoiding the risks associated with opioid pain relievers. The aggressive treatment of pain with opioids for the last three decades has resulted in an epidemic of opioid use disorder and opioid related mortality. This editorial discusses the findings in a study of emergency department (ED) opioid prescribing by Yang et al. and explores the changing landscape of opioid prescribing in emergency medicine.
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractThe current opioid epidemic continues to challenge us in new and potentially troubling ways. For example, research today finds more overdose deaths occurring in rural, rather than urban, geographic areas. Yet, studies have often ignored heterogeneities within these spaces and the neighborhood variations therein. Using geodemographic classification, we investigate neighborhood differences in overdose death rates by geographical areas to further understand where and among what groups the problem might be most concentrated. For deaths between 2013 and 2016, we find significant variation in rates among neighborhoods, d...
Source: Journal of Community Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2018Source: Journal of Theoretical BiologyAuthor(s): Yoann Bourhis, Timothy R. Gottwald, Francisco J. Lopez-Ruiz, Sujin Patarapuwadol, Frank van den BoschAbstractMonitoring for disease requires subsets of the host population to be sampled and tested for the pathogen. If all the samples return healthy, what are the chances the disease was present but missed? In this paper, we developed a statistical approach to solve this problem considering the fundamental property of infectious diseases: their growing incidence in the host population. The model gives an estimate of the inciden...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Yesterday,WBUR in Boston reported on a simple technology that could reduce the number of opioid deaths: fentanyl test strips. The strips can be used by drug users to test for the presence of fentanyl in drugs they buy on the street. A Brown University study found that,Sixty-two percent of young adult drug users who participated in the study in Rhode Island dipped the thin, pliable strips into the cooker where they heated the powder, or into their urine sometime after injecting. Half reported a positive result — a single dark pink line emerging on the strip — signaling fentanyl.Most changed their routine as a re...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
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