Medical students' knowledge, attitudes and behaviours related to substance use in Lebanon: a cross-sectional survey.

Medical students' knowledge, attitudes and behaviours related to substance use in Lebanon: a cross-sectional survey. East Mediterr Health J. 2018 Jan 02;23(11):734-743 Authors: Assaf G, Noureddine S, Kouyoumdjian SP, El Khoury J Abstract The study aims were to explore the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of Lebanese medical students related to substance use and to determine prevalence and psychosocial predictors. A cross-sectional survey of 231 medical students (48.6% male; 53.1% preclinical, 46.9% clinical) was conducted during June 2012-July 2013. The questionnaire addressed knowledge and attitudes about substance use, religiosity, depression, anxiety and demographic characteristics. The knowledge score was 52.7% (standard deviation 14.4%), and was significantly lower in 2nd year students (48.53%) than in 3rd and 4th year students (57.5% and 57.4%) (P
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

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The management of co-occurring opioid use disorder and chronic pain is challenging (Dhingra et al., 2013; Wachholtz et al., 2011). Unrelieved pain in patients with opioid use disorder is associated with medical and nonmedical use of opioids (often to self-medicate), sleep disturbance, trauma, anxiety, depression, personality disorders, and decreased dispositional optimism (Barry et al., 2009a; Barry et al., 2009b; Beitel et al., 2015; Beitel et al., 2012; Peles et al., 2009; Rosenblum et al., 2003).
Source: Drug and Alcohol Dependence - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Full length article Source Type: research
igi L Abstract It is universally accepted that lifestyle interventions are the first step towards a good overall, reproductive and sexual health. Cessation of unhealthy habits, such as tobacco, alcohol and drug use, poor nutrition and sedentary behavior, is suggested in order to preserve/improve fertility in humans. However, the possible risks of physical exercise per se or sports on male fertility are less known. Being "fit" does not only improve the sense of well-being, but also has beneficial effects on general health: in fact physical exercise is by all means a low-cost, high-efficacy method for prev...
Source: Reproductive Biology - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Reprod Biol Endocrinol Source Type: research
Do you usually feel apprehensive around others due to fear of possible embarrassment? Do you develop sweaty palms, shaky legs or feel you have butterflies in your stomach when called up to speak before an audience? Do you feel others are constantly scrutinizing your every move with a view that’s critical of you? If so, you are not alone. You have lots of company. In the United States alone, about 40 million American adults suffer from various forms of anxiety disorders, with over 15 million adults suffering from social anxiety, according to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA). The problem affects...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Agoraphobia Anxiety General Social Phobia anxious thoughts Loneliness making friends Social Anxiety Source Type: news
Concurrent choice tasks, where participants choose between a drug versus natural reward, predict dependence vulnerability in animals and humans. However, the sensitivity of concurrent choice tasks to multiple risk factors in treatment-engaged drug users has not been comprehensively tested. In experiment 1, 33 recently hospitalized smokers who were engaged with the smoking cessation service made forced choices between enlarging pictures of people smoking versus not smoking. In experiment 2, 48 drinkers who were engaged in an outpatient alcohol treatment service made forced choices between enlarging pictures of alcohol versu...
Source: Behavioural Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
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Source: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
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Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
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Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Sleep Stress Yoga Source Type: blogs
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