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Medical students' knowledge, attitudes and behaviours related to substance use in Lebanon: a cross-sectional survey.

Medical students' knowledge, attitudes and behaviours related to substance use in Lebanon: a cross-sectional survey. East Mediterr Health J. 2018 Jan 02;23(11):734-743 Authors: Assaf G, Noureddine S, Kouyoumdjian SP, El Khoury J Abstract The study aims were to explore the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of Lebanese medical students related to substance use and to determine prevalence and psychosocial predictors. A cross-sectional survey of 231 medical students (48.6% male; 53.1% preclinical, 46.9% clinical) was conducted during June 2012-July 2013. The questionnaire addressed knowledge and attitudes about substance use, religiosity, depression, anxiety and demographic characteristics. The knowledge score was 52.7% (standard deviation 14.4%), and was significantly lower in 2nd year students (48.53%) than in 3rd and 4th year students (57.5% and 57.4%) (P
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

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Authors: McDonald K Abstract LGBTQ adolescents experience higher rates of mental health disorders than their heterosexual peers. The purpose of this systematic review of the literature was to examine studies evaluating social support and its effects on mental health in the LGBTQ adolescent population. Higher levels of social support were associated with positive self-esteem. Lack of social support (or low social support) was associated with higher levels of depression, anxiety, alcohol or drug misuse, risky sexual behaviors, shame, and low self-esteem. Interdisciplinary research teams from multiple and diverse prof...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research
Sometimes it’s easier to say yes than it is to say no. Nobody likes to feel mean, just as nobody likes to disappoint. When women are faced with the choice to either please themselves or feel guilty for not pleasing others, “no” can feel like a double-edged sword.  “Just Say No” is more complicated than it seems. The slogan, once-popularized by Nancy Reagan for fighting the drug war, has crept its way into sexual assault awareness. Even today, society pressures women to be “nice” and polite, making assertiveness more difficult. If women refuse to say no and instead, go along w...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Self-Esteem Sexuality Violence and Aggression Women's Issues Assertiveness boundary setting Disappointment Politeness Self Respect Source Type: blogs
Preclinical and clinical studies have demonstrated that the kappa opioid receptor (KOR) regulates reward, hedonic tone and emotions. At therapeutic level, on-going clinical trials are assessing the potential of targeting the KOR for the management of depression, anxiety disorders and substance use disorders. However, genetic polymorphisms in the KOR gene that potentially contribute to its implication in these phenotypes have been poorly studied. Here we investigated an insertion –deletion in the promoter region of KOR (rs35566036), recently associated with alcohol addiction, in a cohort of depressed subjects who died...
Source: European Neuropsychopharmacology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to explore associations between alcohol consumption and disease activity in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). We conducted a cross-sectional study of axSpA participants meeting the ASAS criteria. Associations between self-reported current alcohol use and disease activity (BASDAI, spinal pain, ASDAS), functional impairment (BASFI), and quality of life were explored using multivariable linear models, adjusting for age, gender, symptom duration, use of TNF inhibition therapy, smoking, deprivation, and anxiety and depression (A&D). Within alcohol drinkers, effect of increased alcohol intake (defi...
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
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Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Follow me on Twitter @drClaire Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, is very common — according to the most recent statistics, one in 10 children between the ages of 4 and 17 has been diagnosed with this problem. So it’s not surprising that when parents notice that their child has trouble concentrating, is more active or impulsive than other children, and is having trouble in school, they think that their child might have ADHD. But ADHD isn’t the only problem that can cause a child to have trouble with concentration, behavior, or school performance. There are actually lots of problems that ca...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Behavioral Health Children's Health Mental Health Parenting Source Type: blogs
Emotion regulation difficulties (ERD) are known to underlie mental health conditions including anxiety and depressive disorders and alcohol use disorder (AUD). Although AUD, mood, and anxiety disorders commonly co-occur, no study has examined the associati...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
(Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health) People who travel for business two weeks or more a month report more symptoms of anxiety and depression and are more likely to smoke, be sedentary and report trouble sleeping than those who travel one to six nights a month.   Among those who consume alcohol, extensive business travel is associated with symptoms of alcohol dependence.   Poor behavioral and mental health outcomes significantly increased as the number of nights away from home for business travel rose.  
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
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Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Bipolar Disorders General Healthy Living Self-Help Stress Bipolar Disorder bipolar signs and symptoms Depressive Episode Hypomanic Episode managing bipolar disorder Mood Chart Mood Disorder Self Awareness treating bipolar disor Source Type: news
We examined prevalence, descriptive characteristics, and predictors of diagnosable mental health conditions and self-reported physical health problems, including fatigue and pain, in the long-term years after liver donation. Methods Donors from 9 centers who initially completed telephone interviews at 3 to 10 years postdonation (mean, 5.8 years; SD, 1.9) were reinterviewed annually for 2 years using validated measures. Outcomes were examined descriptively. Repeated-measures regression analyses evaluated potential predictors and correlates of outcomes. Results Of 517 donors initially interviewed (66% of those eligible...
Source: Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Original Clinical Science—Liver Source Type: research
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