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Science News » Intramural Researchers Develop Suicide Risk Screening Toolkit for Medical Settings

NIMH researchers have developed a brief screening questionnaire for medical professionals to identify youth at risk for suicide.
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: news

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Purpose: Parent-adolescent connectedness (PAC) has been shown to promote adolescent prosocial behaviors and psychosocial well-being, and to protect against high-risk behaviors, such as suicide and self-harm. Despite the promising and positive implications of PAC, significant gaps exist in consistent concept measurement, and modeling theories and operationalized frameworks are lacking. The purpose of this concept analysis is to analyze, outline and define the concept of PAC across adolescent health literature to enhance concept clarification.
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - Category: Child Development Authors: Source Type: research
Purpose: Background: Depression and anxiety among adolescents require further attention as they have profound implications on their health and can be associated with life threatening risk behaviors such as suicide. Objective: To examine the prevalence and underlying risk factors for mental health problems (symptoms of depression and anxiety) among adolescents in Saudi Arabia.
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - Category: Child Development Authors: Source Type: research
Purpose: Indiana currently has the second highest rate of teen suicides in the entire U.S. with an average of 14.4 suicides per 100,000 teens. According to reports published by the CDC, Illinois has the 5th lowest teen suicide rate with an average of 10.6 suicides per 100,000 teens. Despite these two states being very having similar geography, climate, and demographics, a pronounced difference in the teen suicide rate exists. The goal of this study is to explain the underlying factors of the difference in suicide rates between these two neighboring states.
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - Category: Child Development Authors: Source Type: research
Purpose: Risk-taking behavior among adolescents has been highlighted as a public health concern for decades. Recently, the topic of adolescent non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) has gained popular media attention. There is little consensus among experts regarding the prevalence of NSSI in adolescents, and a paucity of literature exploring the role of social media as a platform to share or encourage NSSI behaviors or share sexually explicit material or “sexting” among adolescents. Study authors aimed to develop and administer a survey tool to identify adolescents who engage in NSSI and/or sharing of sexually explic...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - Category: Child Development Authors: Source Type: research
Purpose: Bullying is a well-described risk factor for suicide. The purpose of this analysis was to examine trends in suicidal thoughts and behaviors among adolescents and to assess variability by sex, school-based bullying, and cyberbullying using nationally representative samples of high school students.
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - Category: Child Development Authors: Source Type: research
Purpose: Sexual minority adolescents are disproportionately affected by high rates of HIV, STIs, substance abuse, suicide, discrimination in schools, and general poor healthcare outcomes. Adolescents experiencing increased differential barriers are expected to have decreased condom use and therefore are at higher risk of acquiring HIV and other STIs.
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - Category: Child Development Authors: Source Type: research
Purpose: Suicide is a global issue, affecting individuals across the lifespan. Annually, approximately 800,000 people die from suicide. In 2015, 78% of suicide deaths occurred in low- and middle-income countries. Adolescents and young adults are a critical population to target regarding suicide prevention. While suicide was the 17th leading cause of death among all age groups in 2015, it was the 2nd leading cause of death among those age 15 –29 years. The burden of youth suicide is significant, with an estimated 20 million life-years lost worldwide.
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - Category: Child Development Authors: Source Type: research
Purpose: Suicide ranks as the second leading cause of death for college students. Although enrollment of international students in American colleges has increased, researchers have failed to examine suicide risk among this unique population. The current study aimed to address gaps in the literature regarding the factors associated with emotional distress and suicidality among a sample of international college students.
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - Category: Child Development Authors: Source Type: research
Purpose: Adolescent relationship abuse (ARA) is a significant public health problem. Adolescents who experience ARA are more likely to report substance abuse, mental health symptoms, suicidal ideation, and intimate partner violence (IPV) as young adults. Yet, ARA research remains limited in comparison to adulthood IPV research and ARA preventions programs have mixed success. Additionally, results in the literature vary regarding significant differences in ARA victimization across gender and race, and ARA studies are not able to assess for differences based on race because of limited racial/ethnic representation.
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - Category: Child Development Authors: Source Type: research
Purpose: Dating violence (DV) and sexual violence (SV) are significant public health problems for adolescents, and are associated with poor health outcomes for those who experience such abuse, such as suicidal ideation, alcohol misuse, and future victimization. Gender inequitable attitudes (e.g., rigid masculinity norms) are potential modifiable targets for perpetration prevention, while bystander intentions and behaviors are key learned skills that can interrupt DV/SV perpetration among peers. We sought to explore these associations with DV/SV perpetration using a unique community-based sample of adolescent males from dis...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - Category: Child Development Authors: Source Type: research
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