Association between the Intron 8 VNTR Polymorphism of the DAT1 Gene and Crack Cocaine Addiction

Conclusions: Our results are consistent with the role ofDAT1 in the neurobiology of drug addiction. Nevertheless, the study of other genes, environmental factors, and their interactions is also important to gain a broader understanding of this condition.Neuropsychobiology 2017;75:141 –144
Source: Neuropsychobiology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

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Authors: Marshall GD, Tull MT Abstract INTRODUCTION: The global incidence and prevalence of allergic diseases are increasing as is the intensity and duration of excessive psychological stress due to multiple factors associated with living in today's world such as personal, social and political unrest, increased fear and anxiety and/or depression often leading to hopelessness. Both allergy and chronic psychological stress are characterized by immune imbalances that have similar characteristics. Thus it is reasonable to posit that the two are interactive and that stress may induce as well as complicate at least some ...
Source: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Expert Rev Clin Immunol Source Type: research
ConclusionThis study presents the first evidence for the modulation of global brain network dynamics by seizure therapy. Successful seizure therapy was shown to selectively modulate network dynamics for therapeutic efficacy.
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Findings are consistent with familial transmission of AUD-associated personality traits in COAs, presumably via influences of genetics and/or familial environment. PMID: 30321089 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
This study suggests mindfulness (which was not linked with greater activity) may also be useful in decreasing depression, but by other means, possibly through creating distance from unhelpful thoughts that may arise around pain or the experience of disability.  As cross-sectional research, we can’t draw clear causal conclusions from the new findings, but they do help us refine our understanding of which mechanisms are more likely to increase pain acceptance. The findings may also help pain management professionals focus their methods, providing people with the ground from which they can build and sustain a life ...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Health Source Type: blogs
Using machine-learning technology, scientists may soon be able to accurately predict a diagnosis of depression by examining Facebook posts.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Depression Source Type: news
Authors: Cortes J, Fletcher TL, Latini DM, Kauth MR Abstract OBJECTIVE: To examine health and identity differences between older (50+) and younger (
Source: Clinical Gerontologist - Category: Geriatrics Tags: Clin Gerontol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Trajectories of depressive symptoms and loneliness in older adulthood do not vary by sexual orientation. Economic and family resources may allow sexual minorities to cope effectively with depressive symptoms and loneliness. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Clinicians should be cautious about assuming that older sexual minority group members are more susceptible to depressive symptoms and loneliness than heterosexual groups by virtue of their sexual preference. PMID: 30321105 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Gerontologist - Category: Geriatrics Tags: Clin Gerontol Source Type: research
This study uses data from the 2012 National Inpatient Sample to determine if mortality, length of stay, and discharge disposition are different between rural and urban American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) with alcohol abuse, depression, diabetes, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Results show no difference in mortality between groups. Alcohol abuse, depression, and diabetes are less prevalent in rural AI/ANs, and rural patients have shorter lengths of stay and fewer chronic conditions, diagnoses, and procedures. Finally, urban patients are discharged to short-term hospitals or skilled nursing facilities at higher...
Source: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res Source Type: research
This study investigated the outcomes that an interview-based medical school admission process has on academic performance, psychological health, personality traits, and emotional intelligence.MethodsA comparative cross-sectional study was conducted on the interviewed and non-interviewed cohorts. Their examination marks were obtained from the academic office, psychological health was measured by DASS-21, personality traits were measured by USMaP-15, and emotional intelligence was measured by USMEQ-17.ResultsThe interviewed cohort performed significantly better in the clinical examination than the non-interviewed cohort. Con...
Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: research
Conclusion The SCIP is reliable and valid diagnostic interview, is compatible with experimental psychopathology and personalized psychiatry research, and is in line with the NIMH RDoC framework. The SCIP Instruction Manual is also available for download by visiting http://innovationscns.com/wp-content/uploads/SCIP_Instruction_Manual_2015.pdf. Acknowledgment Dr. Aboraya had full access to all the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analyses. References 1.     Stone M. Healing the Mind: A History of Psychiatry from Antiquity to the Present. In: ...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Assessment Tools Current Issue Evaluations Psychiatry Reliability of Diagnoses Review Scales Trial Methodology descriptive psychopathology diagnostic criteria dimensional scores Psychiatric interview SCIP Standard for Cliniciansâ Source Type: research
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