Adequacy of Initial Everolimus Dose, With and Without Calcineurin Inhibitors, in Kidney Transplant Recipients

This study investigates the adequacy of initial everolimus (EVR) dose, with and without calcineurin inhibitors (CNI), in kidney transplant recipients. Methods: This retrospective cohort analysis involved data from 305 kidney transplant recipients participating in 3 randomized trials receiving reduced dose cyclosporin A (CsA) combined with EVR 0.75 mg BID (CSA/EVR0.75, N = 32) or 1.5 mg BID (CSA/EVR1.5, N = 31), reduced dose tacrolimus (TAC) combined with EVR 1.5 mg BID (TAC0.05/EVR1.5, N = 83), standard dose TAC combined with EVR 1.5 mg BID (TAC0.1/EVR1.5, N = 93), and EVR 1.5 mg BID (EVR1.5, N = 66) with TAC introduction after day 5. The adequacy of the initial EVR dose, based on EVR whole blood trough between 3 and 8 ng/mL, was compared using first EVR blood concentrations obtained at day 3 after transplantation. Results: Recipient age, proportion of patients with diabetes mellitus, and proportion of grafts from living donors were different among the groups. Dose-corrected EVR concentrations were higher in patients receiving CsA than in those receiving TAC or no calcineurin inhibitors (6.7 ± 5.9 versus 5.4 ± 2.2 versus 2.4 ± 0.8 versus 2.5 ± 0.9 versus 2.2 ± 0.7, P = 0.000). No differences were observed comparing dose adjusted EVR concentrations combined with TAC or alone (P = 0.073). The proportion of patients with EVR concentration below
Source: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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Source: Transplant Infectious Disease - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
As the epidemics of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus increase worldwide, the prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasing proportionately. The subtype of NAFLD which can be characterized as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a potentially progressive liver disease that can lead to cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, liver transplantation, and death; it is associated with extrahepatic manifestations such as chronic kidney disease cardiovascular disease and sleep apnea.
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Public Health Source Type: research
Baranski AG Abstract Simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplant is the ultimate therapy for patients who have uncontrolled and complicated type 1 diabetes mellitus with end-stage renal disease. The combined pancreas transplant provides a euglycemic milieu for the kidney and protects it from recurrence of diabetic complications. Our patient, a 41-year-old woman with end-stage diabetic nephropathy and history of multiple abdominal surgeries (ovarian cyst fenestration, adnexal extirpation, abdominal wall reconstruction), including urinary diversion (Bricker loop, above double J stent), underwent simultaneous pancreas-ki...
Source: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Exp Clin Transplant Source Type: research
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Source: Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Medical Journal of Australia - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
D. Possee Linda A. King Pancreatic islet transplantation is a promising treatment for type 1 diabetes mellitus offering improved glycaemic control by restoring insulin production. Improved human pancreatic islet isolation has led to higher islet transplantation success. However, as many as 50% of islets are lost after transplantation due to immune responses and cellular injury, gene therapy presents a novel strategy to protect pancreatic islets for improved survival post-transplantation. To date, most of the vectors used in clinical trials and gene therapy studies have been derived from mammalian viruses such as ade...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research
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Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
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Source: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: J Clin Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Medical Mycology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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