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Medical News Today: What is palmar erythema?

Palmar erythema is a rare condition that makes the palms of the hands turn red. Learn about the causes, including pregnancy and liver cirrhosis.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Dermatology Source Type: news

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This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Cholangiocytes in Health and Diseaseedited by Jesus Banales, Marco Marzioni and Peter Jansen. PMID: 29317337 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochim Biophys Acta Source Type: research
In this study 51% of patients were female, with a mean age of 6.52 years among all patients. Six of the 140 patients (4.2%) scanned for HBV among the patients enrolled in the study were HBsAg and anti-HBc total positive and anti-HBs negative. Three patients (2.1%) were HBsAg negative, and anti-HBc total and anti-HBs positive, which indicated they had previously recovered from an HBV infection. HBsAg, anti-HBs, anti-HBc total data for 140 patients (81.9%), anti-HCV data for 109 patients (63.8%), anti-HIV data for 88 patients (51.5%) and HAV IgG data for 86 patients (50.3%) were obtained. Due to migration from regions in Syr...
Source: Infezioni in Medicina - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infez Med Source Type: research
Hepatitis C is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. The CDC estimates that 2.7-3.9 million people in the US have chronic hepatitis C. Serious consequences of hepatitis C infection include cirrhosis, liver cancer and death. Hepatitis C is transmitted through intravenous drug use, sex, and through birth to an infant by an infected mother. Due to high rates of intravenous drug use, Baltimore has particularly high rates of hepatitis C infection. The Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene estimates that in 2014, 26-40,000 individuals in Baltimore had Hepatitis C infection.
Source: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: IDSOG Abstract Source Type: research
ConclusionsReal‐world experience of generic SOF‐DCV in patients with chronic HCV‐G4 proved to be safe and associated with a high SVR12 rate, in patients with different stages of fibrosis.
Source: Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
AbstractChronic hepatitis  B virus (HBV) remains a leading cause of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma worldwide. Because chronic hepatitis B infection is rarely eradicated, preventing mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) is the most effective strategy to eliminate HBV globally. Although immunoprophylaxis strategy is wi dely available and effective for infants born to mothers with chronic hepatitis B infection, postnatal immunoprophylaxis fails in approximately 5–10 % of infants, and this failure rate goes up to 30 % in infants born to highly viremic mothers. Mothers with HBV DNA levels ab...
Source: Hepatology International - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
AbstractBackground and ObjectivesHepatitis B is a major health concern in Asia. Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection may cause hepatic cirrhosis and liver cancer. HBV is transmitted horizontally through blood and blood products and vertically from mother to infant. Perinatal infection is the main route of transmission in regions with high prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg) carriage, and perinatal transmission leads to high rates of chronic infection. Therefore, it is important to prevent mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HBV1. The present study aims at comparing the use of antivirals (lamivudine vs...
Source: The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
We reviewed available evidence on coffee drinking and the risk of all cancers and selected cancers updated to May 2016. Coffee consumption is not associated with overall cancer risk. A meta-analysis reported a pooled relative risk (RR) for an increment of 1 cup of coffee/day of 1.00 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.99–1.01] for all cancers. Coffee drinking is associated with a reduced risk of liver cancer. A meta-analysis of cohort studies found an RR for an increment of consumption of 1 cup/day of 0.85 (95% CI: 0.81–0.90) for liver cancer and a favorable effect on liver enzymes and cirrhosis. Ano...
Source: European Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Review Articles: Lifestyle Source Type: research
Abstract HEV infections are mainly food- and water-borne but transfusion-transmission has occurred in both developing and developed countries. The infection is usually asymptomatic but it can lead to fulminant hepatitis in patients with underlying liver disease and pregnant women living in developing countries. It also causes chronic hepatitis E, with progressive fibrosis and cirrhosis, in approximately 60% of immunocompromised patients infected with HEV genotype 3. The risk of a transfusion-transmitted HEV infection is linked to the frequency of viremia in blood donors, the donor virus load and the volu...
Source: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Transfus Clin Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Luetkemeyer AF, Wyles DL Abstract At the 2017 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) in Seattle, Washington, hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection was a major focus in the context of HIV-associated liver disease. Well-tolerated direct-acting antiviral (DAA) regimens have enabled effective treatment of the populations that are hardest to cure, including those with decompensated cirrhosis, and many studies examined the impact of HCV cure on hepatitis and extrahepatic outcomes. Scaling up access to DAA, and the impact that their universal availability can have on reducing prevalence were k...
Source: Topics in antiviral medicine - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Top Antivir Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 June 2017 Source:Best Practice & Research Clinical Gastroenterology Author(s): Kali Zhou, Norah Terrault Special populations infected with chronic HBV include those with decompensated cirrhosis, coinfections (HIV, HCV, HDV), hemodialysis and renal failure, immunosuppressed including transplant patients, children as well as women in pregnancy. These populations differ in their natural history and risk for liver-related complications, the indications for anti-HBV therapy as well as the recommendations regarding the HBV drugs used, duration of therapy and anticipated endpoints. Reflec...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
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