Dendritic Cells and Immunomodulation: Role in Health and Disease
Conclusions: The emergence of new classes of T-helper effector cells and their cytokines has led to a change in our understanding of therapeutic potentials of DCs. This has provided both new options and challenges for researchers involved in this field, and is likely to result in advancement in identifying and developing novel therapeutic measures and innovative strategies for several immunological chronic disorders.
BOSTON (CBS) – Health officials say the flu season may be peaking which hopefully means that cases will soon start to decline. There’s some evidence that this is happening in Massachusetts but only time will tell. That said it is still not too late to get a flu shot so please get one. People with flu symptoms often wonder when they should just stay at home or when they should see a doctor. If you have underlying medical conditions like asthma or heart disease or if you’re pregnant and you think you have the flu, call your doctor. They may want to treat you with anti-viral medication. Otherwise healthy o...
(Reuters Health) - - People with diabetes who live in poor communities with limited access to exercise facilities or grocery stores may have a harder time managing their symptoms than diabetics living in more affluent areas, a U.S. study suggests.
Purpose: Type-1 diabetics transitioning from high school to college often struggle to maintain control of their diabetes. Many factors contribute to poor glycemic control. Without parental influence and a controlled home environment, blood glucose levels become less optimal, leading to a rocky transition. The main goal of this study was to identify barriers and facilitators to managing type-1 diabetes (T1D) in college, and to explore strategies employed during the transition from home to college.
Purpose: Community/retail pharmacists in Greater Manchester (GM) have been providing an inhaler check service to adults for several years. Many adults using this pharmacy service report that they have had their inhaler since childhood/adolescence and have never been shown how to use it. There have also been asthma-related deaths in GM schools in recent years. This led to a bid for funding to bring the pharmacist-led service into schools, for children and young people (CYP) to master their inhaler at an early age —and hopefully to sustain good technique into adulthood with associated positive health outcomes.
Purpose: The transition from pediatric to adult medical services is an important time for an adolescent with a renal transplant. Failure to properly transition can lead to medical non-adherence and subsequent loss of graft and/or return to dialysis.
Purpose: Allergies are the third most common chronic disease in children under 18 and the sixth leading chronic disease among all age groups in the United States. Allergic rhinitis is prevalent in adolescence and can worsen outcomes in patients with asthma. A quality improvement project was done to develop, test, and reliably implement evidence-based care for allergic rhinitis in adolescents with asthma.
Purpose: Exercise during pregnancy has clear mental and physical health benefits for pregnant women including improved sleep and mood, and prevention of gestational diabetes and high blood pressure. Most women do not achieve the recommended amount of exercise during pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to understand the knowledge and beliefs of pregnant youth regarding exercise during pregnancy, and how these beliefs may affect their level of activity during pregnancy.
Purpose: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk differs among men and women, yet remains the number one cause of death for both. There are several modifiable factors that modify risk of CVD including BMI, blood pressure, diabetes, and lipids. Although research is mixed, sex hormones appear to affect CVD risk in cisgender (affirmed gender corresponds with birth sex) people. Transgender individuals take sex hormones to transition to affirmed gender. CVD risk factors may differ in transgender individuals depending on their transition from male-to-female (trans-female) or from female-to-male (trans-male).
Purpose: Adolescent and young adult (AYA) kidney transplant (KT) recipients experience high rates of premature allograft loss. The healthcare transition (HCT) process is considered contributory. Yet, most AYA with KT navigate transition to adult care successfully, generating a critical need to identify protective factors associated with stable transition. Resilience is a learned and dynamic process with known positive impact on health outcomes. The purpose of this study is to explore the novel role of resilience as a protective factor in securing stable HCT in AYA with KT.
Purpose: Hidalgo County, located on the Texas-Mexico border, has one of the highest rates of obesity and type 2 diabetes nationwide. A further breakdown yields 93,000 individuals comprising the 18 –24 year old range (11% total population). Within this population, Hispanic young adult (18–26 years) males are medically high risk and are an underserved group. This population is less likely to have a usual place for healthcare, have a doctor's visit in the past year, have a well check-up, and have the highest delay in care.