Relationship between obesity and iron deficiency anemia: is there a role of hepcidin?

Relationship between obesity and iron deficiency anemia: is there a role of hepcidin? Hematology. 2018 Jan 10;:1-7 Authors: Sal E, Yenicesu I, Celik N, Pasaoglu H, Celik B, Pasaoglu OT, Kaya Z, Kocak U, Camurdan O, Bideci A, Cinaz P Abstract OBJECTIVES: Iron deficiency is common in obese children although the underlying mechanism is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between iron parameters, leptin, hepcidin and adiponectin levels in obese children. METHODS: A total of 237 children, ranging in age from 5 to 18 years, 180 with primary obesity and 57 healthy children and adolescents, were enrolled. Complete blood count, serum iron levels, iron-binding capacity, ferritin levels, leptin, hepcidin and adiponectin levels were studied. RESULTS: White blood cell and platelet count, iron-binding capacity, high-sensitive C-reactive protein, leptin and hepcidin values in the obese group were higher than those of the control group (p 
Source: Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Source Type: research

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Abstract Objectives: to describe the clinical and epidemiological profile of the pregnant women treated at the high-risk prenatal service of the Public Maternity Hospital of Rio Branco, Acre Methods: a cross-sectional study of326pregnant women attended at the Rio Branco high risk prenatal outpatient clinic from April to May 2016. Interviews were conducted with a structured questionnaire. Results: the results showed that the mean age of women was 28 years old, schooling equal to or higher than high school (58.8%), married / stable union (81.7%), unemployed (50%); (26.4%), four or more pregnancies (32.8%), prenatal start with gestational age
Source: Revista Brasileira de Saude Materno Infantil - Category: Midwifery Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: In the Middle East and North Africa region, the nutrition transition has resulted in drastic increases in excess adiposity, particularly among women, while some types of undernutrition remain prevalent, especially among pre-school children. We assessed the magnitude, nature and associated factors of the within-household co-occurrence of anaemia in children and excess adiposity in mothers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey using stratified two-stage random cluster sampling to survey households with women aged 20-49 years. BMI≥25·0 kg/m2 defined overweight and BMI≥30·0 kg/m2...
Source: Public Health Nutrition - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Since food availability and affordability are no longer major issues in the well developed parts of urban China, achieving further im-provements in the diet and nutrition of young children in these environments is likely require more specific edu-cation to parents and other significant carers such as grandparents. The relatively high educational level and so-cio-economic status of the population group is likely to facilitate the uptake of such measures in this population group. PMID: 30272858 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is one of the most commonly used food additives for the enhancement of food taste and flavour. There are several conflicting reports of toxicity or otherwise safety of the compound, which raises a growing concern regarding the safety of monosodium glutamate as food additive. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we sought to investigate the effect of monosodium glutamate on body weight, feed consumption, body temperature and some haematological parameters. METHODOLOGY: Twenty adult Wistar rats divided into four groups of five rats each were used for the study. R...
Source: Current Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Clin Pharmacol Source Type: research
łchowska Iron metabolism may be disrupted in obesity, therefore, the present study assessed the iron status, especially ferroportin and hepcidin concentrations, as well as associations between the ferroportin-hepcidin axis and other iron markers in prepubertal obese children. The following were determined: serum ferroportin, hepcidin, ferritin, soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR), iron concentrations and values of hematological parameters as well as the daily dietary intake in 40 obese and 40 normal-weight children. The ferroportin/hepcidin and ferritin/hepcidin ratios were almost two-fold lower in obese children (p =...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
A mother and a child in Melghat district, an area in India with high rates of malnourishment. The government’s new POSHAN campaign aims to curb malnutrition by a significant margin by also using smartphones to collect relevant data. Credit: Stella Paul/IPSBy Stella PaulMAYURBHANJ DISTRICT, India, Sep 26 2018 (IPS)Kanaklata Raula from Kaptipada village in India’s Mayurbhanj District is on duty 24×7. The 52-year-old community health worker from Odisha state rides a bicycle for hours each day, visiting community members who need nutrition and reproductive healthcare.Raula’s main job is to ensure that t...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Aid Asia-Pacific Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Food Sustainability Headlines Health Population Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Barilla Foundation Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FA Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: We observed a long-term increase in anemia and iron deficiency after RYGB in both genders, but most pronounced in women. Our postoperative protocol for prevention of vitamin B12 and folate deficiencies appear acceptable. Iron status and iron supplementation seems to need stronger emphasis during follow-up after RYGB. PMID: 30231804 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Authors: Sezik M, Gurpinar E, Zayim N Abstract The aim was to perform a document content analysis of the subject titles in the undergraduate obstetrics and gynaecology (OG) curricula in Turkish medical schools regarding the National Core Curriculum revised in 2014 (NCC-2014). Two mini-focus group discussions with four voluntary OG faculty members in each session and one of the authors as the moderator were employed within a 1-week time frame to identify the primary (n = 36) and secondary (n = 15) NCC-2014 OG titles that were then compared for the alignment with the curricula of the vario...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 September 2018Source: Molecular Genetics and MetabolismAuthor(s): Barbara K. Burton, Kyle Bradford Jones, Stephen Cederbaum, Fran Rohr, Susan Waisbren, Debra E. Irwin, Gilwan Kim, Joshua Lilienstein, Ignacio Alvarez, Elaina Jurecki, Harvey LevyAbstractBackgroundPhenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) deficiency, otherwise known as phenylketonuria (PKU), is an inborn error of metabolism that requires treatment to be initiated in the newborn period and continued throughout life. Due to the challenges of treatment adherence and the resulting cumulative effects of high and labile blood phenylalani...
Source: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
ConclusionPreoperative anaemia and perioperative blood transfusion did not significantly affect HRQoL and functional outcomes following primary TKA. Poor baseline and obesity were associated with poorer outcomes.
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
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