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Adverse childhood experiences and intimate partner violence during pregnancy and their association to postpartum depression - Mahenge B, St öckl H, Mizinduko M, Mazalale J, Jahn A.

BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and intimate partner violence (IPV) are recognized global health problems. Both ACEs and IPV have been linked to adverse physical and mental health problems for both mothers and infants. The aim of this stud...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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In conclusion, flaxseed oil of Egyptian cultivars G9 and G10 exhibited significant antidepressant-like effect in rat model of PPD without affecting locomotor activity. At the treatment doses, the antidepressant-like activity of Giza 9 oil is comparable to fluoxetine. PMID: 29333185 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Abstract AimsTo investigate socioeconomic disparities in smoking in pregnancy (SIP) by the mother's education, occupational class, and current economic conditions. DesignCross‐sectional analysis with linked survey and register data. SettingSouth‐Western Finland. Participants2,667 pregnant women (70% of the original sample (N=3,808)) from FinnBrain, a prospective pregnancy cohort study. MeasurementsThe outcome was smoking during the first pregnancy trimester, measured from the Finnish Medical Birth Register. Education and occupational class were linked from population registers. Income support recipiency and subjective ...
Source: Addiction - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Research Report Source Type: research
This study evaluated the antidepressant-like effect of lipid extract of C. striatus fillet and its mechanism of action in female Sprague-Dawley rats in postpartum model of depression. The rats were ovariectomized and treated with high dose of progesterone and estradiol benzoate for 23 days to have hormone-simulated pregnancy. The day 24 and afterwards were considered as the postpartum period. During the postpartum period, lipid extract was administered at 125, 250, and 500 mg/kg through intraperitoneal route for 15 days. Fluoxetine (10 mg/kg) was used as the positive control. On postpartum day 15, the animals...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeSecondhand smoke (SHS) exposure is prevalent and could damage the health of non-smokers, especially that of pregnant women (PW) and postpartum women (PPW). Nevertheless, there is no study on the impact of SHS during pregnancy on the quality of life (QOL) of PW and PPW. The study ’s purpose is to study the effects of exposure to SHS on the QOL of pregnant and postpartum women and health of the newborns.MethodsSelf-reports and urine tests for cotinine were used to obtain data on SSH exposure in 296 women in the second trimester of pregnancy and 106 women in the postpartum period at the Obstetrics&Gyn...
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
Authors: Dama M, Van Lieshout RJ, Mattina G, Steiner M Abstract OBJECTIVE: Maternal depression during pregnancy can affect both the mother and her family. Although research has suggested that iron deficiency is associated with depression in the general population, this link has not been examined during the antenatal period. Our objective was to determine whether iron deficiency is associated with maternal depression during middle to late pregnancy. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted using the medical records of patients seen at the Women's Health Concerns Clinic at St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton in ...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Can Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: GWG recommendations should continue to incorporate prepregnancy weight status. Separate recommendations should be considered for morbidly obese women, who tend to fall below current recommendations. Further studies are needed to understand the difference in weight gain or loss among overweight, obese, and morbidly obese women and to help inform prenatal care interventions aimed at promoting healthy weight gain. PMID: 29298365 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Southern Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: South Med J Source Type: research
The prevalence of pregnancy depression and/or anxiety varies widely and can be substantial, fluctuating somewhere between 5% and 38% (Bennett et al., 2004; Field, 2011; Le Strat et al., 2011; Mukherjee et al., 2016). Many negative child outcomes have been associated with being born to a mother who experienced depression and/or anxiety during pregnancy or in the postpartum period. For example, insecure attachment in infancy and risk of internalizing and externalizing behavioral problems in childhood are associated with perinatal depression (Agnafors, et al., 2016; Powell et al., 2014; Teti et al., 1995).
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review article Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: There is limited evidence to inform implications for practice. The available data are not of high quality and lack power to detect possible important differences in either benefit or harm. There is an urgent need for high-quality trials evaluating the effectiveness of planned birth at or near term gestation for women with gestational diabetes compared with an expectant approach. PMID: 29303230 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
This study utilized Bayesian logistic regression to examine maternal-level predictors of adherence to infant nevirapine prophylaxis, including intimate partner violence, maternal adherence, HIV serostatus disclosure reaction, recency of HIV diagnosis, and depression. Women (N = 303) were assessed during pregnancy and 6 weeks postpartum. Maternal adherence to antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy predicted an 80% reduction in the odds of infant nonadherence [OR 0.20, 95% posterior credible interval (.11, .38)], and maternal prenatal depression predicted an increase [OR 1.04, 95% PCI (1.01, 1.08)]. Results s...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Simple questions can identify problems, say researchers Related items fromOnMedica Postnatal depression Postnatal depression far more common in previous sufferers 30,000 pregnant women with mental health problems do not get adequate care Large shortfall in mental health care for new mothers, UK survey reveals
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
More News: Depression | Men | Postnatal Depression | Pregnancy