Adverse childhood experiences and intimate partner violence during pregnancy and their association to postpartum depression - Mahenge B, St öckl H, Mizinduko M, Mazalale J, Jahn A.

BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and intimate partner violence (IPV) are recognized global health problems. Both ACEs and IPV have been linked to adverse physical and mental health problems for both mothers and infants. The aim of this stud...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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Objective: Black women are more likely to live in disadvantaged neighborhoods and experience racial discrimination and psychological stress compared with White women. These factors have been related to preterm birth (PTB). However, research is limited on the associations of disadvantaged neighborhoods, racial discrimination, and psychological stress among expectant Black fathers and PTB. This review focuses on what is known about psychosocial factors in relation to PTB among Black parents. Methods: The Scopus database was used to search for studies using keywords of adverse childhood experiences, neighborhood environm...
Source: MCN: The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Feature: CE Connection Source Type: research
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine associations of the mother–father relationship and social support with depressive symptoms during pregnancy among Black mothers and fathers. Methods: Fifty Black mother–father dyads from the Midwest completed a packet of questionnaires that included conflict with partner, social support, depressive symptoms, and sociodemographic characteristics. Results: Twenty-four percent of mothers and 16% of fathers had Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression scores ≥23, which have been correlated with a major depression diagnosis. There were no difference...
Source: MCN: The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Feature Source Type: research
Conclusions: Antenatal depression is a common maternal problem; further attention should be given to the effect of unplanned pregnancy, social support, pregnancy-related complications, family conflicts, and violence on pregnant women. All these are possible risk factors for antenatal depression. PMID: 30112199 [PubMed]
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Previous perinatal history of affective psychosis or depression is the most important predictor of perinatal recurrence in women with bipolar disorder and can be used to individualise risk assessments.Declaration of interestNone. PMID: 30113284 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Women receiving perinatal depression treatment experience unique parenting challenges and desire parenting support. Healthcare providers caring for these women should be mindful of their patients' parenting needs. Future research should explore ways to integrate parenting interventions with depression treatments. Mother-infant interaction is a key determinant of optimal infant development and integrating parenting support with perinatal depression treatments can have significant public health impact. PMID: 30111227 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Currently there is insufficient high-quality evidence about the effects on health outcomes of relevance for women with GDM and their babies for many of the comparisons in this overview comparing treatment interventions for women with GDM. Lifestyle changes (including as a minimum healthy eating, physical activity and self-monitoring of blood sugar levels) was the only intervention that showed possible health improvements for women and their babies. Lifestyle interventions may result in fewer babies being large. Conversely, in terms of harms, lifestyle interventions may also increase the number of inductions. T...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Women with intellectual and developmental disabilities have nearly double the rate of having another baby within a year Related items fromOnMedica NHS funding boost to support new mothers ’ mental health Maternal suicides remain a concern, report shows Valproate in pregnancy linked to raised autism risk Doctors urged to spot victims of trafficking Preterm birth risk higher after PTSD and major depression
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Stress, anxiety, depression and lack of social support are associated with fear during pregnancy. Need for psychiatric care and presence of traumatic stress symptoms are reported outcomes together with prolonged labour, longer labours, use of epidural and obstetric complications. Nulliparous and parous women have similar levels of fear but for different reasons. Since the strongest predictor for fear in parous women is a previous negative birth experience or operative birth, we suggest it is important to distinguish between fear of childbirth and fear after birth. Findings demonstrate the need for creating wom...
Source: Women Birth - Category: Midwifery Authors: Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research
Abstract Psychosocial aspects of fertility, infertility, and assisted reproductive technology (ART) can significantly impact patients' sense of self-identity and personal agency, mental well-being, sexual and marital relationships, reproductive efficiency, compliance with treatment, and pregnancy outcomes. Research is needed to understand how stress, anxiety, depression, mood disorders, and psychotropic medications impact fertility and infertility treatment. The psychosocial implications of ART on our society include a shift toward older maternal age at conception, the complexities of third-party reproduction, and...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am Source Type: research
ConclusionIn conclusion, it is thought that preparing the mothers for birth with birth preparation training in the antenatal period and imposing the necessary regulations in the delivery room for the mothers to have a positive birth experience are important in reducing postpartum depression risk.
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
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